Babelbirdy Vogelnamen-Übersetzung. West-Paläarktis & Welt.






InfoSurf mit BabelBird (Vogelnamenübersetzung ganzer Seiten)

Taxonanzahl: 2374, Funde (alle Sprachen): 6823
Brutvorkommen Quelle: IOC 4.4Deutsch Wissenschaftlich Englisch
STRUTHIONIFORMES
Afrika; w, c, e, sw Strauß Struthio camelus Common Ostrich
Ostrich
s Morocco and Mauritania to s Egypt and n and w Ethiopia, south to Cameroon and n Uganda Struthio camelus camelus
ANSERIFORMES
Afrika, Südamerika; widespread Witwenpfeifgans Dendrocygna viduata White-faced Whistling Duck
White-faced Whistling-Duck
White-faced Whistling-duck
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika, Afrika, Südasien; widespread Gelbbrust-Pfeifgans Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling Duck
Fulvous Whistling-Duck
Fulvous Whistling-duck
Südasien; widespread Javapfeifgans Dendrocygna javanica Indian Whistling Duck
Lesser Whistling Duck
Lesser Whistling-Duck
Lesser Whistling-duck
Nordasien mit Europa; n Saatgans
Waldsaatgans
Anser fabalis Bean Goose
Taiga Bean Goose
Taiga Bean-Goose
Scandinavia to nc Siberia Anser fabalis fabalis
Nordasien mit Europa; n Tundrasaatgans Anser serrirostris Tundra Bean Goose
Tundra Bean-Goose
n Russia, nw Siberia Anser fabalis rossicus
Anser serrirostris rossicus
Nordasien mit Europa; Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard Kurzschnabelgans Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Graugans Anser anser Graylag Goose
Greylag Goose
n and c Europe Anser anser anser Graylag Goose (European)
ec Europe to China Anser anser rubrirostris Graylag Goose (Siberian)
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Bleßgans
Blässgans
Bläßgans
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose
White-fronted Goose
w Greenland Grönland-Blässgans
Grönländische Bläßgans
A. albifrons flavirostris
Anser albifrons flavirostris
Greater White-fronted Goose (Greenland)
Greenland White-fronted Goose
n Russia A. albifrons albifrons
Anser albifrons albifrons
Greater White-fronted Goose (Eurasian)
Nordasien mit Europa; n Eurasia Zwerggans Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia Streifengans Anser indicus Bar-headed Goose
Nordamerika; n Schneegans Anser caerulescens
Chen caerulescens
Snow Goose
ne Siberia, n Alaska (USA), nw Canada Chen caerulescens caerulescens
ne Canada, nw Greenland Chen caerulescens atlantica
Nordamerika; n Canada Zwergschneegans Anser rossi
Anser rossii
Chen rossii
Ross' Goose
Ross' Snow Goose
Ross's Goose
Ross's Snow Goose
Nordamerika; widespread Kanadagans Branta canadensis Canada Goose
c Alaska (USA) to c Canada Branta canadensis parvipes Canada Goose (parvipes)
sc Canada Branta canadensis interior Canada Goose (canadensis/interior)
e Canada Branta canadensis canadensis
Branta canadensis canadensis/interior
Nordamerika; c Canada Zwergkanadagans Branta hutchinsii Cackling Goose
w Alaska (USA) Dunkle Zwergkanadagans B. hutchinsii minima
Branta hutchinsii minima
Cackling Goose (minima)
Dark Cackling Goose
ne Alaska (USA), n Canada Branta hutchinsii taverneri Cackling Goose (Taverner's)
nc Canada, Greenland Helle Zwergkanadagans B. hutchinsii hutchinsii
Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii
Cackling Goose (Richardson's)
Pale Cackling Goose
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Ringelgans Branta bernicla Brant
Brant / Brant Goose
Brant Goose
Brent Goose
nw and nc Russia Dunkelbäuchige Ringelgans B. bernicla bernicla
Branta bernicla bernicla
Brant (Dark-bellied)
Dark-bellied Brant Goose
Dark-bellied Brent Goose
ne Canada, Greenland, Spitzbergen Hellbäuchige Ringelgans B. bernicla hrota
Branta bernicla hrota
Branta hrota
Brant (Atlantic)
Pale-bellied Brant Goose
Pale-bellied Brent Goose
ne Siberia, Alaska, nw Canada Pazifische Ringelgans B. bernicla nigricans
Branta bernicla nigricans
Branta nigricans
Black Brant
Black Brant Goose
Brant (Black)
Nordasien mit Europa; Greenland to nw Russia Nonnengans
Weißwangengans
Branta leucopsis Barnacle Goose
Nordasien mit Europa; nw Siberia Rothalsgans Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose
Australien mit Neuguinea; Australia, New Zealand Schwarzer Schwan
Schwarzschwan
Trauerschwan
Cygnus atratus Black Swan
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe to c Asia Höckerschwan Cygnus olor Mute Swan
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Zwergschwan Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan
Alaska, n Canada Pfeifschwan C. columbianus columbianus
Cygnus columbianus columbianus
Tundra Swan (Whistling)
Whistling Swan
n Eurasia C. columbianus bewickii
Cygnus bewickii
Cygnus columbianus bewickii
Bewick's Swan
Tundra Swan (Bewick's)
Nordasien mit Europa; n Eurasia Singschwan Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan
Afrika; widespread Sporngans Plectropterus gambensis Spur-winged Goose
Gambia to Ethiopia south to Angola and Mozambique Plectropterus gambensis gambensis Spur-winged Goose (Northern)
Afrika, Südasien; Africa south of the Sahara, s and se Asia Glanzente Sarkidiornis melanotos Knob-billed Duck
Afrika; s Mauritania to s Egypt and Ethiopia south to South Africa Nilgans Alopochen aegyptiaca
Alopochen aegyptiacus
Egyptian Goose
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; w Europe to ne China Brandgans Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck
Shelduck
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe to c Asia, nw Africa and Ethiopia Rostgans Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck
Nordamerika; widespread Brautente Aix sponsa American Wood Duck
Wood Duck
Nordasien mit Europa; se Siberia, Korea, Japan and e China Mandarinente Aix galericulata Mandarin Duck
Südasien; widespread Koromandelzwergente Nettapus coromandelianus Cotton Pygmy Goose
Cotton Pygmy-Goose
Cotton Pygmy-goose
Cotton Teal
India to s China, Indonesia and New Guinea Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus
Afrika; Chad, Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa Fahlente Anas capensis Cape Teal
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Schnatterente Anas strepera
Mareca strepera
Gadwall
Nordasien mit Europa; Mongolia, e Siberia and ne China Sichelente Anas falcata
Mareca falcata
Falcated Duck
Falcated Teal
Nordasien mit Europa; n Eurasia Pfeifente Anas penelope
Mareca penelope
Eurasian Wigeon
European Wigeon
Wigeon
Nordamerika; Alaska, Canada, n USA Kanadapfeifente
Nordamerik. Pfeifente
Nordamerikanische Pfeifente
Anas americana
Mareca americana
American Wigeon
Nordamerika; e Canada and ne USA Dunkelente Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Black Duck
North American Black Duck
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Stockente Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Europe, Asia, North America Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos
Greenland Anas platyrhynchos conboschas
Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos/conboschas
Mallard (Northern)
Nordamerika; s Canada, USA Blauflügelente Anas discors
Spatula discors
Blue-winged Teal
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Löffelente Anas clypeata
Spatula clypeata
Northern Shoveler
Northern Shoveller
Shoveler
Afrika; s Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa Rotschnabelente Anas erythrorhyncha Red-billed Duck
Red-billed Pintail
Red-billed Teal
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Widespread Spießente Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Pintail
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to Japan Knäkente Anas querquedula
Querquedula querquedula
Garganey
Nordasien mit Europa; e Siberia Gluckente Anas formosa
Sibrionetta formosa
Baikal Teal
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Krickente Anas crecca Common Teal
Eurasian Teal
Teal
n and c Europe and Asia A. crecca crecca
Anas crecca crecca
Green-winged Teal (Eurasian)
Nordamerika; widespread Amerik. Krickente
Amerikanische Krickente
Carolinakrickente
A. crecca carolinensis
Anas carolinensis
Anas crecca carolinensis
Green-winged Teal
Green-winged Teal (American)
Nordasien mit Europa; s Spain and nw Africa to Pakistan Marmelente Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Duck
Marbled Teal
Nordasien mit Europa; c and s Europe to n China Kolbenente Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard
Afrika, Südamerika; e, se, s AF; Amazonia Rotaugenente Netta erythrophthalma
Phaeoaythia erythrophthalma
Southern Pochard
Ethiopia to South Africa Netta erythrophthalma brunnea
Nordamerika; widespread Riesentafelente Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Nordamerika; widespread Rotkopfente Aythya americana Redhead
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to c Asia and n China Tafelente Anas ferina
Aythya ferina
Common Pochard
Pochard
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe and nw Africa to c Asia Moorente Anas nyroca
Aythya nyroca
Ferruginous Duck
Ferruginous Pochard
Nordamerika; widespread Halsringente
Ringschnabelente
Anas collaris
Aythya collaris
Ring-necked Duck
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Reiherente Anas fuligula
Aythya fuligula
Tufted Duck
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Bergente Anas marila
Aythya marila
Greater Scaup
Scaup
n Eurasia Aythya marila marila
Nordamerika; widespread Kanadabergente
Kleine Bergente
Veilchenente
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Siberia, Alaska Scheckente Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Siberia, Alaska Plüschkopfente Somateria fischeri Spectacled Eider
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Arctic Prachteiderente Somateria spectabilis King Eider
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Arctic Eiderente Somateria mollissima Common Eider
Eider
ne Canada, Greenland, Iceland Somateria mollissima borealis Common Eider (Boreal)
se Canada, ne USA Somateria mollissima dresseri Common Eider (Atlantic)
Faeroe Is. Somateria mollissima faeroeensis Common Eider (Faeroe Is.)
nw Eurasia Somateria mollissima mollissima Common Eider (Eurasian)
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia and nw NA; ne Canada, Greenland and Iceland Kragenente Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck
Nordamerika; Alaska, n and e Canada Brillenente Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe, nw Siberia Samtente
Samtente Unterart fusca
M. fusca fusca
Melanitta fusca
Melanitta fusca fusca
Velvet Scoter
White-winged Scoter (Velvet)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; c, e Siberia, n NA Höckersamtente
Samtente Unterart deglandi
Melanitta deglandi American White-winged Scoter
White-winged Scoter
c and e Siberia Asiatische Höckerschnabelente M. fusca stejnegeri
Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri
Melanitta fusca stejnegeri
Asian White-winged Scoter
White-winged Scoter (Siberian)
Alaska, n Canada Amerik. Höckerschnabelente
Amerikanische Höckerschnabelente
M. fusca deglandi
Melanitta deglandi deglandi
Melanitta fusca deglandi
White-winged Scoter (North American)
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to nc Siberia Trauerente Melanitta nigra Common Scoter
Scoter
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; ne Siberia and Alaska, ne Canada Amerik. Trauerente
Amerikanische Trauerente
Pazifiktrauerente
Melanitta americana
Melanitta nigra americana
Black Scoter
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Siberia to n Canada Eisente Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck
Long-tailed Duck / Oldsquaw
Oldsquaw
Nordamerika; Alaska, Canada, nw USA Büffelkopfente Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Schellente Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Goldeneye
n Eurasia Bucephala clangula clangula
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Alaska through Canada and s to nw USA, Iceland Spatelente Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye
Nordasien mit Europa; n Eurasia Zwergsäger Mergellus albellus
Mergus albellus
Smew
Nordamerika; Alaska to nw USA, se Canada to se USA Kappensäger Lophodytes cucullatus
Mergus cucullatus
Hooded Merganser
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Gänsesäger Mergus merganser Common Merganser
Goosander
Iceland, n Eurasia Mergus merganser merganser Common Merganser (Eurasian)
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Mittelsäger Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Schwarzkopf-Ruderente Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
West Indies Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe and n Africa to c Asia and nw China Weißkopf-Ruderente Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck
GALLIFORMES
Afrika; widespread Helmperlhuhn Numida meleagris Helmeted Guineafowl
nw Morocco Numida meleagris sabyi Helmeted Guineafowl (Moroccan)
w Africa to s Chad and n Angola Numida meleagris [meleagris Group]
Numida meleagris galeatus
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; sw Canada to Baja California Schopfwachtel Callipepla californica
Lophortyx californica
California Quail
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; ec, se USA, e Mexico Virginiawachtel Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite
se USA (s Virginia to n Florida and se Alabama) Colinus virginianus [virginianus Group]
Colinus virginianus virginianus
Nordasien mit Europa; nw, nc, ne Haselhuhn Bonasa bonasia
Tetrastes bonasia
Hazel Grouse
ne France, Luxembourg, Belgium, w Germany Bonasa bonasia rhenana
Tetrastes bonasia rhenanus
Alps, s Poland to Hungary Bonasa bonasia styriaca
Tetrastes bonasia styriacus
Balkan Pen. Bonasa bonasia schiebeli
Tetrastes bonasia schiebeli
s Germany, Czech Rep. Bonasa bonasia rupestris
Tetrastes bonasia rupestris
w and s Scandinavia and c Poland east to the Ural Mts (Russia) Bonasa bonasia bonasia
Tetrastes bonasia bonasia
n Sweden Bonasa bonasia griseonota
Tetrastes bonasia griseonota
Siberia to the w Himalayas n Mongolia Bonasa bonasia sibirica
Tetrastes bonasia sibiricus
Nordasien mit Europa; nw, nc Auerhahn
Auerhuhn
Tetrao urogallus Capercaillie
Eurasian Capercaillie
Western Capercaillie
nw Spain Tetrao urogallus cantabricus
Pyrenees (France/Spain) Tetrao urogallus aquitanicus
Germany and Poland to the Balkan Pen. Tetrao urogallus crassirostris
s and c Belarus, ec Russia Tetrao urogallus volgensis
Scotland, Scandinavia to the White Sea (Russia) Tetrao urogallus urogallus
nw Russia Tetrao urogallus kureikensis
sw Russia Tetrao urogallus uralensis
Nordasien mit Europa; n Birkhahn
Birkhuhn
Lyrurus tetrix
Tetrao tetrix
Black Grouse
Eurasian Black Grouse
Scotland, Wales, n England Lyrurus tetrix britannicus
Tetrao tetrix britannicus
Scandinavia to s France and n Italy, e to Siberia Lyrurus tetrix tetrix
Tetrao tetrix tetrix
sw Russia to sw Siberia and w Himalayas Lyrurus tetrix viridanus
Tetrao tetrix viridanus
Nordasien mit Europa; Caucasus Kaukasusbirkhuhn Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi
Tetrao mlokosiewiczi
Caucasian Black Grouse
Caucasian Grouse
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Alpenschneehuhn Lagopus muta
Lagopus mutus
Ptarmigan
Rock Ptarmigan
n Scandinavia to Kola Pen. (nw Russia) Lagopus muta muta
Scotland Lagopus muta millaisi
Alps Lagopus muta helvetica
c and e Pyrenees (France/Spain) Lagopus muta pyrenaica
n Siberia Lagopus muta pleskei
n North America Lagopus muta rupestris
Svalbard (Norway), Franz Josef Land (Russia) Lagopus muta hyperborea
Iceland Lagopus muta islandorum
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Moorschneehuhn Lagopus lagopus Willow Grouse
Willow Ptarmigan
Willow Ptarmigan / Red Grouse
Britain, Ireland Schottisches Moorschneehuhn L. lagopus scotica
Lagopus lagopus scotica
Lagopus lagopus scoticus
Red Grouse
Willow Ptarmigan (Red Grouse)
islets off w Norway Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]
Lagopus lagopus variegata
Scandinavia, n Russia L. lagopus [lagopus group]
Lagopus lagopus [lagopus group]
Lagopus lagopus lagopus
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow)
Baltic countries to c Russia Lagopus lagopus rossica
n Kazakhstan, sw Siberia Lagopus lagopus maior
Nordasien mit Europa; Caucasus Kaukasuskönigshuhn Tetraogallus caucasicus Caucasian Snowcock
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Kaspikönigshuhn
Kaspisches Königshuhn
Tetraogallus caspius Caspian Snowcock
s and e Turkey, w Armenia Tetraogallus caspius tauricus
c Armenia to Turkmenistan Tetraogallus caspius caspius
Nordasien mit Europa; s, se Europe Steinhuhn Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge
Alps from France to w Croatia Alectoris graeca saxatilis Rock Partridge (European)
Serbia and Albania to Greece and Bulgaria Alectoris graeca graeca
Alectoris graeca graeca/saxatilis
Italy Alectoris graeca orlandoi
Sicily Alectoris graeca whitakeri Rock Partridge (Sicilian)
Nordasien mit Europa; s Chukarhuhn Alectoris chukar Chukar
Chukar / Chukar Partridge
Chukar Partridge
n Greece though Bulgaria and n Turkey to the Caucasus Alectoris chukar kleini
Crete, Rhodes, Cyprus, sw and sc Turkey Alectoris chukar cypriotes
se Turkey, n Syria, n Iraq to n Iran Alectoris chukar kurdestanica
Syria to Sinai Pen. (Egypt) Alectoris chukar sinaica
e Iraq, sw Iran Alectoris chukar werae
Afrika; n Felsenhuhn Alectoris barbara Barbary Partridge
Canary Is., nw Morocco Alectoris barbara koenigi
s Morocco to c and s Algeria and s Tunesia Alectoris barbara spatzi
ne Morocco to n Tunesia Alectoris barbara barbara
ne Libya, nw Egypt Alectoris barbara barbata
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe Rothuhn Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partridge
Britain, France, n Italy, Corsica Alectoris rufa rufa
n and w Iberian Pen. Alectoris rufa hispanica
e and s Iberian Pen. Alectoris rufa intercedens
Nordasien mit Europa; se Turkey to Pakistan Persisches Wüstenhuhn Ammoperdix griseogularis See See Partridge
See-see Partridge
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, n Sudan Arabisches Wüstenhuhn Ammoperdix heyi Sand Partridge
Sinai Pen. (Egypt), Israel and Jordan through w Saudi Arabia Ammoperdix heyi heyi
ne to ec Egypt Ammoperdix heyi nicolli
c Egypt to n Sudan Ammoperdix heyi cholmleyi
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; Asia Minor to Bangladesh Halsbandfrankolin Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin
Cyprus and Asia Minor south to Israel and east to Iran and Turkmenistan Francolinus francolinus francolinus
c and s Iraq, sw Iran Francolinus francolinus arabistanicus
w and c India, Nepal, Bhutan Francolinus francolinus asiae
Afrika; w,c Doppelspornfrankolin Francolinus bicalcaratus
Pternistis bicalcaratus
Double-spurred Francolin
w Morocco Francolinus bicalcaratus ayesha
Pternistis bicalcaratus ayesha
Afrika; ne Sudan, Eritrea to c Ethiopia Erckelfrankolin Francolinus erckelii
Pternistis erckelii
Erckel's Francolin
Nordasien mit Europa; w, wc Rebhuhn Perdix perdix Gray Partridge
Grey Partridge
s Scandinavia and Britain to Bulgaria and Greece Perdix perdix perdix
w and s France Perdix perdix armoricana
ne Netherlands, nw Germany Perdix perdix sphagnetorum
ne Portugal and n Spain Perdix perdix hispaniensis
Finland to the Ural Mts. and n Caucasus Perdix perdix lucida
Turkey to the Caucasus and nw Iran Perdix perdix canescens
Ural Mts. to sw Siberia and nw China Perdix perdix robusta
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia Bartrebhuhn Perdix dauurica
Perdix dauuricae
Daurian Partridge
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Europe and c Asia Wachtel Coturnix coturnix Common Quail
Quail
Europe and nw Africa to Mongolia and n India Coturnix coturnix coturnix
Azores Coturnix coturnix conturbans
Cape Verde Is. Coturnix coturnix inopinata
Nordasien mit Europa; n, c China Königsfasan Syrmaticus reevesii Reeves' Pheasant
Reeves's Pheasant
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e, also s China, Taiwan, n Vietnam Fasan
Jagdfasan
Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant
Pheasant
Ring-necked Pheasant
Ring-necked Pheasant / Common Pheasant
n Caucasus (s Russia) Phasianus colchicus septentrionalis
Transcaucasia (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan) Phasianus colchicus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant (Ring-necked)
se Transcaucasia (Azerbaijan, nc Iran) Phasianus colchicus [colchicus Group]
Phasianus colchicus talischensis
se Kazakhstan, n Kyrgyzstan Phasianus colchicus mongolicus
Südasien; c, s China Goldfasan Chrysolophus pictus Golden Pheasant
Südasien; ne Burma, se Tibet, sw China Diamantfasan Chrysolophus amherstiae Lady Amherst's Pheasant
GAVIIFORMES
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n North American and n Eurasia Sterntaucher Gavia stellata Red-throated Diver
Red-throated Loon
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Eurasian, w Alaska Prachttaucher Gavia arctica Arctic Diver
Arctic Loon
Arctic Loon / Black-throated Loon
Black-throated Diver
Black-throated Loon
nw and nc Eurasia Gavia arctica arctica
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia, Alaska and n Canada Pazifiktaucher Gavia pacifica Pacific Diver
Pacific Loon
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n North America, w Europe Eistaucher Gavia immer Black-billed Loon
Common Loon
Common Loon / Great Northern Loon
Great Northern Diver
Great Northern Loon
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Gelbschnabel-Eistaucher
Gelbschnabeleistaucher
Gelbschnabeltaucher
Gavia adamsii White-billed Diver
White-billed Loon
Yellow-billed Diver
Yellow-billed Loon
PROCELLARIIFORMES
Atlantik; Tristan da Cuhna group Tristanalbatros Diomedea dabbenena
Diomedea exulans dabbenena
Tristan Albatross
Wandering Albatross (Tristan)
Südpolarmeere; widespread Schwarzbrauenalbatros Diomedea melanophris
Thalassarche melanophris
Thalassarche melanophrys
Black-browed Albatross
Südpolarmeere; Tasmania, Auckland Is Tasmanalbatros
Weißkappenalbatros
Diomedea cauta
Thalassarche cauta
Shy Albatross
Shy Albatross / White-capped Albatross
White-capped Albatross
Tasmania Thalassarche cauta cauta
Atlantik; Tristan da Cunha group Atlantik-Gelbnasenalbatros
Gelbnasenalbatros
Diomedea chlororhynchos
Thalassarche chlororhynchos
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross
Yellow-nosed Albatross
Südpolarmeere, Antarktis; widespread Riesensturmvogel Macronectes giganteus Antarctic Giant-Petrel
Giant Petrel
Southern Giant Petrel
Southern Giant-Petrel
Southern Giant-petrel
Nordpolarmeere; widespread Eissturmvogel Fulmarus glacialis Fulmar
Northern Fulmar
ne Canada, n Greenland to Franz Josef Land Fulmarus glacialis glacialis Northern Fulmar (glacialis)
se Canada, s Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia Fulmarus glacialis auduboni Northern Fulmar (auduboni)
Südpolarmeere, Antarktis; widespread Kapsturmvogel Daption capense Cape Petrel
Pintado Petrel
subantarctic islands, Antarctic Pen. Daption capense capense
Atlantik; s Schlegelsturmvogel Pterodroma incerta Atlantic Petrel
Schlegel's Petrel
Südpolarmeere; IO, AO Weichfeder-Sturmvogel Pterodroma mollis Soft-plumaged Petrel
Southern Soft-plumaged Petrel
Atlantik; ec Madeirasturmvogel Pterodroma madeira Freira
Madeira Petrel
Zino's Petrel
Zino's Petrel / Madeira Petrel
Zino's Soft-plumaged Petrel
Atlantik; Cape Verde Is; e Atlantic Ocean Kapverden-Sturmvogel
Kapverdensturmvogel
P. feae feae
Pterodroma feae
Pterodroma feae feae
Cape Verde Petrel
Fea's Petrel
Fea's Petrel (Fea's)
Fea's Petrel / Cape Verde Petrel
Fea's Soft-plumaged Petrel
Gon-gon
Atlantik; Desertas Is Desertassturmvogel P. feae deserta
Pterodroma deserta
Pterodroma feae deserta
Desertas Petrel
Fea's Petrel (Desertas)
Atlantik; wc Bermudasturmvogel Pterodroma cahow Bermuda Petrel
Bermuda Petrel / Cahow
Cahow
Atlantik; Cuba and Hispaniola to Martinique Teufelssturmvogel Pterodroma hasitata Black-capped Petrel
Capped Petrel
Atlantik, Indischer Ozean; S Atlantic (Trinidade and Martin Vaz Is); Indian Ocean (Round I, Mauritius) Trinidadsturmvogel Pterodroma arminjoniana Trindade Petrel
Trinidade Petrel
Pazifik; w Weißgesicht-Sturmtaucher Calonectris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater
White-faced Shearwater
Atlantik; Mediterranean islands Gelbschnabel-Sturmtaucher
Sepiasturmtaucher
C. diomedea diomedea
Calonectris diomedea
Calonectris diomedea diomedea
Cory's Shearwater (Scopoli's)
Scopoli's Shearwater
Atlantik; Azores, Madeira, Canary and Berlenga islands Corysturmtaucher
Gelbschnabel-Sturmtaucher Unterart borealis
Kanarensturmtaucher
C. diomedea borealis
Calonectris borealis
Calonectris diomedea borealis
Cory's Shearwater
Cory's Shearwater (borealis)
Atlantik; e Kap Verde Sturmtaucher
Kapverden-Sturmtaucher
Kapverdensturmtaucher
Calonectris diomedea edwardsii
Calonectris edwardsii
Cape Verde Shearwater
Pazifik, Indischer Ozean; widespread Keilschwanz-Sturmtaucher Ardenna pacifica
Puffinus pacificus
Wedge-tailed Shearwater
weltweit; widespread Dunkler Sturmtaucher Ardenna grisea
Puffinus griseus
Sooty Shearwater
Pazifik, Indischer Ozean; widespread Blassfuß-Sturmtaucher
Blaßfuß-Sturmtaucher
Ardenna carneipes
Puffinus carneipes
Flesh-footed Shearwater
Pale-footed Shearwater
Atlantik; widespread Großer Sturmtaucher Ardenna gravis
Puffinus gravis
Great Shearwater
Greater Shearwater
Atlantik; widespread Atlantiksturmtaucher
Schwarzschnabel-Sturmtaucher
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater
Atlantik; Mediterranean Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher
Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher Unterart yelkouan
Puffinus yelkouan
Puffinus yelkouan yelkouan
Levantine Shearwater
Mediterranean Shearwater
Yelkouan Shearwater
Atlantik; e Balearensturmtaucher
Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher Unterart mauretanicus
Puffinus mauretanicus
Puffinus yelkouan mauretanicus
Balearic Shearwater
Indischer Ozean; Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, n Indian Ocean, Comoros. Arabiensturmtaucher
Persiensturmtaucher
Puffinus persicus Persian Shearwater
Kuriamuria Is. (Oman) Puffinus persicus persicus
Indischer Ozean, Pazifik; Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, n and tropical Indian Ocean, tropical Pacific Ocean. Tropensturmtaucher Puffinus bailloni Tropical Shearwater
Mauritius, Reunion and Europa Is. Puffinus bailloni bailloni Tropical Shearwater (Mascarene)
Atlantik; Azores, Madeira, Canary Is. Barolosturmtaucher Puffinus baroli Barolo Shearwater
Barolo's Shearwater
Atlantik; Cape Verde Is. Boydsturmtaucher Puffinus boydi Boyd's Shearwater
Tropenmeere, Meere gemäßigter Breiten; widespread Bulwersturmvogel Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel
Meere gemäßigter Breiten, Südpolarmeere; widespread Buntfuß-Sturmschwalbe Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Petrel
Wilson's Storm Petrel
Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Wilson's Storm-petrel
Wilson’s Storm-petrel
subantarctic islands Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus Wilson's Storm-Petrel (Wilson's)
Antarctica, South Shetland and South Sandwich Is. Oceanites oceanicus exasperatus
Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus/exasperatus
Tropenmeere, Meere gemäßigter Breiten; widespread Weißgesicht-Sturmschwalbe Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm Petrel
White-faced Storm-Petrel
White-faced Storm-petrel
Madeira and Canary Is. Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca
Cape Verde Is. Pelagodroma marina eadesorum
Südpolarmeere; widespread Schwarzbauch-Sturmschwalbe Fregetta tropica Black-bellied Storm Petrel
Black-bellied Storm-Petrel
Black-bellied Storm-petrel
circumpolar subantarctic islands Fregetta tropica tropica
Tristan da Cunha and Gough Is. Fregetta tropica melanoleuca
Atlantik; ne Sturmschwalbe Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm Petrel
European Storm-Petrel
European Storm-Petrel / British Storm-Petrel
European Storm-petrel
Storm Petrel
e North Atlantic H. pelagicus pelagicus
Hydrobates pelagicus pelagicus
British Storm Petrel
European Storm-Petrel (British)
Mediterranean Sea Mittelmeer-Sturmschwalbe H. pelagicus melitensis
Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis
European Storm-Petrel (Mediterranean)
Mediterranean Storm Petrel
Pazifik, Atlantik; c Madeirawellenläufer Oceanodroma castro
Thalobata castro
Band-rumped Storm Petrel
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel / Madeiran Storm-Petrel
Madeiran Petrel
Madeiran Storm Petrel
Madeiran Storm-Petrel
Madeiran Storm-petrel
Atlantik; Azores Azorenwellenläufer Oceanodroma monteiroi
Thalobata monteiroi
Monteiro's Storm Petrel
Monteiro's Storm-Petrel
Monteiro's Storm-petrel
Atlantik; Cape Verde Is Kapverden-Wellenläufer Oceanodroma jabejabe
Thalobata jabejabe
Cape Verde Storm Petrel
Cape Verde Storm-Petrel
Indischer Ozean, Pazifik; n IO, w PO Swinhoewellenläufer Cymochorea monorhis
Oceanodroma monorhis
Swinhoe's Storm Petrel
Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel
Swinhoe's Storm-petrel
Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel
Pazifik, Atlantik; n, c Wellenläufer Cymochorea leucorhoa
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Leach's Petrel
Leach's Storm Petrel
Leach's Storm-Petrel
Leach's Storm-petrel
Leach’s Storm-petrel
coasts of the N Pacific and the N Atlantic Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa Leach's Storm-Petrel (Leach's)
PODICIPEDIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien; widespread Zwergtaucher Podiceps ruficollis
Tachybaptus ruficollis
Dabchick
Little Grebe
Europe to the Ural Mts. and nw Africa Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis
Caucasus to Burma and Sri Lanka Tachybaptus ruficollis albescens
Iraq, sw Iran Tachybaptus ruficollis iraquensis
Africa s of the Sahara, Madagascar Tachybaptus ruficollis capensis
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread Bindentaucher Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
n North America to Panama and Cuba Podilymbus podiceps podiceps
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Rothalstaucher Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe
n, c Eurasia Podiceps grisegena grisegena
ne Asia, n North America Podiceps grisegena holbollii
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Haubentaucher Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe
Eurasia Podiceps cristatus cristatus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Ohrentaucher Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe
Horned Grebe / Slavonian Grebe
Slavonian Grebe
n Eurasia Podiceps auritus auritus
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Schwarzhalstaucher Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe
Eared Grebe
Eared Grebe / Black-necked Grebe
Eurasia Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread in Africa,sw and sc Eurasia Rosaflamingo Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo
Südamerika; c Peru to Tierra del Fuego, east to s Brazil, Uruguay and c Argentina Chileflamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis Chilean Flamingo
Afrika, Südasien; e Africa, Namibia/Botswana, Mauritania/Senegal and nw India/ se Pakistan Zwergflamingo Phoeniconaias minor
Phoenicopterus minor
Lesser Flamingo
PHAETHONTIFORMES
Tropenmeere; e PO, Caribbean, c AO, nw IO Rotschnabel-Tropikvogel Phaethon aethereus Red-billed Tropic Bird
Red-billed Tropicbird
e Pacific, Caribbean, e Atlantic Phaethon aethereus mesonauta
Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf Phaethon aethereus indicus
Tropenmeere; widespread Weißschwanz-Tropikvogel Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropic Bird
White-tailed Tropicbird
West Indies, Bermuda Phaethon lepturus catesbyi White-tailed Tropicbird (Atlantic)
Christmas I. (Indian Ocean) Phaethon lepturus fulvus White-tailed Tropicbird (Golden)
CICONIIFORMES
Afrika; widespread south of the Sahara Nimmersatt Mycteria ibis Yellow-billed Stork
Afrika; widespread Mohrenklaffschnabel Anastomus lamelligerus African Open-bill Stork
African Openbill
Africa south of the Sahara Anastomus lamelligerus lamelligerus
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Namibia and Malawi to South Africa, c Europe to n China Schwarzstorch Ciconia nigra Black Stork
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Widespread Weißstorch Ciconia ciconia European White Stork
White Stork
Europe and w Asia, Middle East and n Africa, s Africa Ciconia ciconia ciconia
Afrika; widespread south of the Sahara Marabu Leptoptilos crumenifer
Leptoptilos crumeniferus
Marabou
Marabou / Marabou Stork
Marabou Stork
PELECANIFORMES
Afrika; Africa south of the Sahara, Iraq Heiliger Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus African Sacred Ibis
African Sacred-Ibis
Sacred Ibis
Afrika; Morocco and Algeria, Middle Eastern population? Waldrapp Geronticus eremita Hermit Ibis
Northern Bald Ibis
Northern Bald-Ibis
Waldrapp
weltweit; widespread Sichler Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Löffler Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill
Spoonbill
White Spoonbill
Europe to n China, India and Sri Lanka Platalea leucorodia leucorodia
w Mauritania Platalea leucorodia balsaci
coasts of the Red Sea, Somalia Platalea leucorodia archeri
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Rohrdommel Botaurus stellaris Bittern
Common Bittern
Eurasian Bittern
Great Bittern
Europe to e Asia Botaurus stellaris stellaris
Nordamerika; widespread Nordamerik. Rohrdommel
Nordamerikanische Rohrdommel
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern
North American Bittern
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; e, sw USA to se Brazil Amerik. Zwergdommel
Amerikanische Rohrdommel
Amerikanische Zwergdommel
Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern
e Canada, e and sw USA Ixobrychus exilis exilis
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; s, c Europe to c Asia, nw India, Africa. Zwergdommel
Zwergrohrdommel
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern
c and s Europe to c Asia and nw India Ixobrychus minutus minutus Little Bittern (Little)
Südasien; widespread, also e Asia Chinadommel Ixobrychus sinensis Chinese Little Bittern
Yellow Bittern
Nordasien mit Europa; se Siberia, Korea, Japan and e China Mandschurendommel
Mandschurenzwergdommel
Ixobrychus eurhythmus Schrenck's Bittern
Schrenck's Little Bittern
Von Schrenck's Bittern
Afrika; widespread Graurückendommel Ixobrychus sturmii African Dwarf Bittern
Dwarf Bittern
weltweit; except AU Nachtreiher Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Black-crowned Night-heron
Night Heron
Eurasia s to Indonesia and n Africa Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron (Eurasian)
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; e USA to Peru and e Brazil Krabbenreiher Nyctanassa violacea
Nycticorax violaceus
Yellow-crowned Night Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-heron
c and e USA to e Mexico and e Honduras Nyctanassa violacea [violacea Group]
Nyctanassa violacea violacea
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; e and c USA to Panama Grünreiher Butorides virescens American Green Heron
Green Heron
c and e USA and e Canada to Panama and the Caribbean Butorides virescens virescens
Butorides virescens virescens/bahamensis
Green Heron (Eastern)
Südamerika, Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Mangrovereiher Butorides striata
Butorides striatus
Green-backed Heron
Striated Heron
Somalia and the Red Sea coasts Butorides striata brevipes
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread Rallenreiher Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; Persian Gulf to Burma, Maldive Islands Paddyreiher Ardeola grayii Indian Pond Heron
Indian Pond-Heron
Indian Pond-heron
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; s Europe to Iran, Africa, Indian Ocean Is., North and Latin America. Kuhreiher Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Western Cattle Egret
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien; widespread Graureiher Ardea cinerea Gray Heron
Grey Heron
w Europe to e Asia to India and Africa A. cinerea cinerea
Ardea cinerea cinerea
Gray Heron (Gray)
Banc d'Arguin (Mauritania) Maurenreiher A. cinerea monicae
Ardea cinerea monicae
Gray Heron (Mauritanian)
Mauritanian Heron
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Kanadareiher Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
s Canada to nc, e USA south to the n Carolinas. Ardea herodias herodias
Afrika; widespread south of the Sahara Schwarzhalsreiher Ardea melanocephala Black-headed Heron
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread in Africa south of the Sahara, Iran and Iraq to India Goliathreiher Ardea goliath Goliath Heron
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Afrika; widespread Purpurreiher Ardea purpurea Purple Heron
s and c Europe to c Asia and the Middle east, Africa south of the Sahara A. purpurea purpurea
Ardea purpurea purpurea
Cape Verde Is. Kapverdenreiher A. purpurea bournei
Ardea purpurea bournei
Bourne's Heron
Nordamerika, Südamerika, Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, ; Worldwide Silberreiher Ardea alba
Casmerodius albus
Egretta alba
Great Egret
Great White Egret
Great White Heron
c Europe to ne Asia south to n and c Africa and s Asia Ardea alba alba Great Egret (Eurasian)
s Canada to s Argentina and s Chile Ardea alba egretta Great Egret (American)
Südasien, Afrika, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Asienmittelreiher
Mittelreiher
Egretta intermedia
Mesophoyx intermedia
Intermediate Egret
Africa south of the Sahara Egretta intermedia brachyrhyncha
Mesophoyx intermedia brachyrhyncha
Afrika; widespread south of the Sahara Glockenreiher Egretta ardesiaca Black Heron
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; se USA to n SA Dreifarbenreiher Egretta tricolor Louisiana Heron
Tricolored Heron
Tricoloured Heron
e and se USA and e, w Mexico to nw South America, West Indies Egretta tricolor ruficollis
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; se USA to s Brazil Blaureiher Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread Schmuckreiher Egretta thula Snowy Egret
e and s North America to c Chile and n Argentina Egretta thula thula
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Seidenreiher Egretta garzetta Little Egret
Europe to Japan south to Africa, India and the Philippines Egretta garzetta [garzetta Group]
Egretta garzetta garzetta
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w AF, ne AF to w India, Sri Lanka Küstenreiher Egretta gularis Western Reef Heron
Western Reef-Egret
Western Reef-Heron
Western Reef-egret
coastal w Africa Egretta gularis gularis Western Reef-Heron (Western)
coastal ne Africa to w India, Sri Lanka Egretta gularis schistacea Western Reef-Heron (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; e Europe to c Asia, Africa south of the Sahara Rosapelikan Pelecanus onocrotalus Eastern White Pelican
Great White Pelican
White Pelican
Afrika; widespread south tof the Sahara Rötelpelikan Pelecanus rufescens Pink-backed Pelican
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to China Krauskopfpelikan Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican
SULIFORMES
Atlantik; se Adlerfregattvogel Fregata aquila Ascension Frigate Bird
Ascension Frigatebird
Ascension Island Frigatebird
Atlantik, Pazifik; Cape Verde Is, Caribbean, e Pacific Prachtfregattvogel Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigate Bird
Magnificent Frigatebird
Tropenmeere; widespread Arielfregattvogel Fregata ariel Lesser Frigate Bird
Lesser Frigatebird
w Indian Ocean Fregata ariel iredalei
Atlantik; n Basstölpel
Baßtölpel
Morus bassanus
Sula bassana
Gannet
Northern Gannet
Tropenmeere; widespread Maskentölpel Sula dactylatra Blue-faced Booby
Masked Booby
Caribbean and sw Atlantic islands Sula dactylatra dactylatra
Red Sea, nw Indian Ocean Sula dactylatra melanops
Tropenmeere; widespread Rotfußtölpel Sula sula Red-footed Booby
Caribbean and sw Atlantic islands Sula sula sula Red-footed Booby (Atlantic)
Tropenmeere; widespread Weißbauchtölpel Sula leucogaster
Sula melanogaster
Brown Booby
Caribbean and Atlantic Is. Sula leucogaster leucogaster Brown Booby (Atlantic)
Red Sea through the Indian Ocean to the w and c Pacific Sula leucogaster plotus Brown Booby (Forster's)
Afrika; widespread Riedscharbe Microcarbo africanus
Phalacrocorax africanus
Long-tailed Cormorant
Long-tailed Cormorant / Reed Cormorant
Reed Cormorant
Africa south of the Sahara Microcarbo africanus africanus
Phalacrocorax africanus africanus
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe Zwergscharbe Microcarbo pygmeus
Phalacrocorax pygmaeus
Phalacrocorax pygmeus
Pygmy Cormorant
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Ohrenscharbe Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
c and e Canada, ne USA Phalacrocorax auritus auritus Double-crested Cormorant (Dark-crested)
Nordasien mit Europa; w coasts, also n AF Krähenscharbe Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Stictocarbo aristotelis
European Shag
Shag
Iceland, w Europe Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis European Shag (Atlantic)
w coast of Morocco Phalacrocorax aristotelis riggenbachi European Shag (Moroccan)
Mediterranean coasts and islands Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii European Shag (Mediterranean)
Nordasien mit Europa, Australien mit Neuguinea, Südasien; also ne NA, n AF Kormoran Phalacrocorax carbo Cormorant
Great Cormorant
ne USA and e Canada to w Europe P. carbo [carbo group]
Phalacrocorax carbo [carbo group]
Phalacrocorax carbo carbo
Great Cormorant (North Atlantic)
c Europe to India and China Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis/hanedae
Great Cormorant (Eurasian)
nw Africa Phalacrocorax carbo maroccanus Great Cormorant (Moroccan)
Afrika; widespread south of the Sahara Weißbrustkormoran P. carbo lucidus
Phalacrocorax carbo lucidus
Phalacrocorax lucidus
Great Cormorant (White-breasted)
White-breasted Cormorant
Nordasien mit Europa; Persian Gulf Sokotrakormoran
Sokotrascharbe
Phalacrocorax nigrogularis Socotra Cormorant
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Subsaharan Africa, Madagascar, Near East Afrik. Schlangenhalsvogel
Afrika-Schlangenhalsvogel
Afrikanischer Schlangenhalsvogel
Schlangenhalsvogel
Anhinga rufa African Darter
Africa south of the Sahara Anhinga rufa rufa
ACCIPITRIFORMES
weltweit; widespread,except AU and Sulawesi Fischadler Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Western Osprey
Europe and Asia Pandion haliaetus haliaetus Osprey (Eurasian)
Canada to s USA Pandion haliaetus carolinensis Osprey (American)
Afrika, Südasien; widespread Gleitaar Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite
Common Black-shouldered Kite
sw Iberian Pen., Africa, sw Arabia Elanus caeruleus caeruleus
Pakistan to e China, Malay Pen. and Indochina Elanus caeruleus vociferus
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; n, e, s AF; c, sw Asia Bartgeier Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture
Bearded Vulture / Lammergeier
Lammergeier
s Europe to ne China through the Himalayas to Nepal and w Pakistan Gypaetus barbatus aureus
nw Africa Gypaetus barbatus barbatus Lammergeier (Eurasian)
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w AF to India, s Spain to c Asia Schmutzgeier Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture
Canary Is. Neophron percnopterus majorensis
s Europe, Middle East, Africa Neophron percnopterus percnopterus
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe and w Asia Wespenbussard Pernis apivorus European Honey Buzzard
European Honey-Buzzard
European Honey-buzzard
Honey Buzzard
Western Honey Buzzard
Western Honey-buzzard
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; e EU, widespread OR Schopfwespenbussard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Pernis ptilorhyncus
Pernis ptylorhyncus
Crested Honey Buzzard
Crested Honey-buzzard
Oriental Honey Buzzard
Oriental Honey-Buzzard / Crested Honey-Buzzard
Oriental Honey-buzzard
s Siberia to ne China, Japan Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern)
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; s USA to ne Argentina Schwalbenweih Elanoides forficatus American Swallow-tailed Kite
Swallow-tailed Kite
se USA, n and e Mexico Elanoides forficatus forficatus
Afrika; widespread Kappengeier Necrosyrtes monachus Hooded Vulture
Afrika; widespread Weißrückengeier Gyps africanus African White-backed Vulture
White-backed Vulture
Afrika; e, c, w Sperbergeier Gyps rueppelli
Gyps rueppellii
Rueppell's Griffon
Rueppell's Vulture
Ruppell's Griffon
Ruppell's Vulture
Rüppell's Griffon
Rüppell's Vulture
sw Mauritania to e Sudan and south to Tanzania Gyps rueppelli rueppelli
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; n AF, sw EU, also n India Gänsegeier Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon
Eurasian Griffon Vulture
Griffon Vulture
s Europe and n Africa to c Asia Gyps fulvus fulvus
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe to c Asia, Pakistan and nw India Mönchsgeier Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture
Eurasian Black Vulture
Monk Vulture
Afrika; widespread, also Arabian Peninsula Ohrengeier Aegypius tracheliotus
Torgos tracheliotos
Torgos tracheliotus
Lappet-faced Vulture
s Israel and Arabian Pen. Torgos tracheliotos negevensis
nw Africa, Africa south of the Sahara Torgos tracheliotos tracheliotos
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; sw Europe to c Asia, nw China and India; Lesser Sundas Schlangenadler Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Eagle
Short-toed Snake Eagle
Short-toed Snake-Eagle
Short-toed Snake-eagle
Afrika; widespread Gaukler Terathopius ecaudatus Bateleur
Nordasien mit Europa; e Europe Schreiadler Aquila pomarina
Clanga pomarina
Ictinaetus pomarinus
Lesser Spotted Eagle
Lesser Spotted-Eagle
Nordasien mit Europa; c Europe to e Siberia and n China Schelladler Aquila clanga
Clanga clanga
Ictinaetus clanga
Greater Spotted Eagle
Greater Spotted-Eagle
Spotted Eagle
Afrika; widespread Silberadler Aquila wahlbergi
Hieraaetus wahlbergi
Wahlberg's Eagle
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe and nw Africa to c Asia and n India, also South Africa Zwergadler Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle
Afrika; widespread, also India Raubadler
Savannenadler
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle
Morocco and Algeria, s Mauritania to Ethiopia and sw Arabia south to DRCongo, Uganda and Kenya Aquila rapax belisarius
Nordasien mit Europa; c Steppenadler Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle
e Europe to c Kazakhstan Aquila nipalensis orientalis
Nordasien mit Europa; Spain, Portugal, also Morocco Spanischer Kaiseradler Aquila adalberti Spanish Eagle
Spanish Imperial Eagle
Spanish Imperial-Eagle
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to c Siberia Kaiseradler Aquila heliaca Eastern Imperial Eagle
Eastern Imperial-Eagle
Imperial Eagle
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Steinadler Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
Europe to nc Asia Aquila chrysaetos chrysaetos
Iberian Pen., n Africa through the Middle East to Iran and Uzbekistan Aquila chrysaetos homeyeri
Afrika; widespread, also Arabian Peninsula Kaffernadler Aquila verreauxii Verreaux's Eagle
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; Spain to India to s China, also n AF Habichtsadler Aquila fasciata
Aquila fasciatus
Hieraaetus fasciatus
Bonelli's Eagle
n Africa and s Europe to s China and Indochina Aquila fasciata fasciata
Afrika; widespread Gabarhabicht Melierax gabar
Micronisus gabar
Gabar Goshawk
Gambia and Senegal to Ethiopia to Cameroon and s Sudan, sw Arabia Micronisus gabar niger
Afrika; widespread Graubürzel-Singhabicht Melierax metabates Dark Chanting Goshawk
Dark Chanting-Goshawk
Dark Chanting-goshawk
sw Morocco Melierax metabates theresae
Afrika, Südasien; widespread, also s EU Schikra
Schikrasperber
Accipiter badius
Tachyspiza badia
Shikra
Caucasus to c Asia and nw India Accipiter badius cenchroides
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to w Kazakhstan Kurzfangsperber Accipiter brevipes
Tachyspiza brevipes
Levant Sparrow Hawk
Levant Sparrowhawk
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Sperber Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrow Hawk
Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Northern Sparrow Hawk
Northern Sparrowhawk
Sparrowhawk
Europe to sw Siberia and c Asia Accipiter nisus nisus
nw Siberia to n China and Japan Accipiter nisus nisosimilis
Corsica and Sardinia Accipiter nisus wolterstorffi
nw Africa Accipiter nisus punicus
Madeira and Canary Is. Accipiter nisus granti
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Habicht Accipiter gentilis
Astur gentilis
Goshawk
Northern Goshawk
n Eurasia Accipiter gentilis buteoides
c and n Europe Accipiter gentilis gentilis Northern Goshawk (Eurasian)
Italy and the Balkans to Caucasus and n Iran Accipiter gentilis marginatus
Corsica, Sardinia Accipiter gentilis arrigonii
North America (except sw Canada, sw USA and nw Mexico) Accipiter gentilis atricapillus
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; w, wc Rohrweihe Circus aeruginosus Eurasian Marsh Harrier
Eurasian Marsh-Harrier
Marsh Harrier
Western Marsh Harrier
Western Marsh-Harrier
Western Marsh-harrier
Europe and the Middle East to c Asia Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus
nw Africa Circus aeruginosus harterti
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe, c and n Asia Kornweihe C. cyaneus cyaneus
Circus cyaneus
Circus cyaneus cyaneus
Hen Harrier
Northern Harrier (Eurasian)
Northern Harrier / Hen Harrier
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; Widespread Hudsonweihe C. cyaneus hudsonius
Circus cyaneus hudsonius
Circus hudsonius
Northern Harrier
Northern Harrier (American)
Nordasien mit Europa; e Europe to c Asia Steppenweihe Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe and nw Africa to c Asia Wiesenweihe Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier
Montague's Harrier
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe Rotmilan Milvus milvus Red Kite
Europe and nw Africa to the Middle East M. milvus milvus
Milvus milvus milvus
Red Kite (Red)
Cape Verde Is. Milvus milvus fasciicauda Red Kite (Cape Verde)
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Schwarzmilan Milvus migrans Black Kite
s and c Europe to n Africa and sc Asia M. migrans migrans
Milvus migrans migrans
Black Kite (Black)
Siberia to Japan, Indochina and India Schwarzohrmilan M. migrans lineatus
Milvus migrans lineatus
Black Kite (Black-eared)
Black-eared Kite
Afrika; Widespread Schmarotzermilan Milvus aegyptius Yellow-billed Kite
Egypt, ne Africa, sw Arabia M. migrans [parasitus group]
Milvus aegyptius aegyptius
Milvus migrans [parasitus group]
Milvus migrans aegyptius
Africa south of the Sahara, Comoros and Madagascar Milvus aegyptius parasitus
Milvus migrans aegyptius/parasitus
Milvus migrans parasitus
Black Kite (Yellow-billed)
Afrika; widespread Schreiseeadler Haliaeetus vocifer
Icthyophaga vocifer
African Fish Eagle
African Fish-Eagle
African Fish-eagle
Nordasien mit Europa; c, also n India Bindenseeadler Haliaeetus leucoryphus Pallas' Fish Eagle
Pallas' Fish-eagle
Pallas' Sea Eagle
Pallas' Sea-Eagle
Pallas's Fish Eagle
Pallas's Fish-Eagle
Pallas's Fish-eagle
Pallas's Sea-Eagle
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Seeadler Haliaaetus albicilla
Haliaeetus albicilla
White-tailed Eagle
White-tailed Sea Eagle
White-tailed Sea-eagle
Europe, n Asia to India and China Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla
Nordamerika; widespread, also nw Mexico Weißkopf-Seeadler
Weißkopfseeadler
Haliaeetus leucocephalus American Bald Eagle
Bald Eagle
s USA, nw Mexico Haliaeetus leucocephalus leucocephalus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Raufußbussard
Rauhfußbussard
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard
Rough-legged Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk / Rough-legged Buzzard
n Eurasia Buteo lagopus lagopus
ne Asia Buteo lagopus menzbieri
Alaska, Canada Buteo lagopus sanctijohannis
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; sw, sc Adlerbussard Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard
c Europe to c Asia Buteo rufinus rufinus Long-legged Buzzard (Northern)
Mauritania to Egypt and the Arabian Pen. Buteo rufinus cirtensis Long-legged Buzzard (Atlas)
Afrika; Cape Verde Is. Kapverdenbussard Buteo bannermani Cape Verde Buzzard
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Mäusebussard Buteo buteo Buzzard
Common Buzzard
Eurasian Buzzard
Canary Is. and Azores Buteo buteo insularum Common Buzzard (Canary Islands)
Madeira Buteo buteo harterti
Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, c and s Italy Buteo buteo arrigonii
Buteo buteo pojana
Common Buzzard (Corsican)
Europe e to Finland, Romania and Turkey B. buteo [buteo group]
Buteo buteo [buteo group]
Buteo buteo buteo
Common Buzzard (Western)
e Turkey through the Caucasus to n Iran Buteo buteo menetriesi
n and e Europe, c Asia Falkenbussard B. buteo vulpinus
Buteo buteo vulpinus
Buteo buteo vulpinus/menetriesi
Common Buzzard (Steppe)
Steppe Buzzard
OTIDIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; ec, wc Großtrappe Otis tarda Great Bustard
sw and c Europe and nw Africa to sw Siberia and c Mongolia Otis tarda tarda
Afrika; w, c ne Arabertrappe Ardeotis arabs Arabian Bustard
w Morocco Ardeotis arabs lynesi
sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to e Sudan Ardeotis arabs stieberi
Afrika; n Kragentrappe
Saharakragentrappe
Chlamydotis undulata Houbara Bustard
e Canary Is. Chlamydotis undulata fuertaventurae Houbara Bustard (Canary Islands)
n Africa Kragentrappe Unterart undulata Chlamydotis undulata undulata Houbara Bustard (North African)
Nordasien mit Europa; Middle East to c China Kragentrappe Unterart macqueenii
Steppenkragentrappe
Chlamydotis macqueenii Macqueen's Bustard
Macqueenís Bustard
Afrika; Mauritania to e Sudan Nubiertrappe Ardeotis nuba
Neotis nuba
Nubian Bustard
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe and nw Africa to c Asia Zwergtrappe Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard
GRUIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to c Asia Wasserralle Rallus aquaticus Water Rail
Europe, n Africa, w Asia Rallus aquaticus aquaticus
Aral Sea and Iran to nw China and Kashmir Rallus aquaticus korejewi
Afrika; widespread Savannenralle
Steppensumpfhuhn
Crecopsis egregia
Crex egregia
Porzana egregia
African Crake
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe to c Siberia and nw China Wachtelkönig
Wiesenralle
Crex crex Corn Crake
Corncrake
Nordasien mit Europa; s and c Europe to nw China Kleines Sumpfhuhn
Kleinralle
Limnocorax parva
Porzana parva
Little Crake
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Zwergralle
Zwergsumpfhuhn
Limnocorax pusilla
Porzana pusilla
Baillon's Crake
Europe to Asia Minor; n, e, s Africa, Madagascar. Porzana pusilla intermedia Baillon's Crake (Western)
c and e Asia Porzana pusilla pusilla Baillon's Crake (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to c Asia Tüpfelralle
Tüpfelsumpfhuhn
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake
Nordamerika; widespread Carolinasumpfhuhn Porzana carolina Sora
Sora Crake
Afrika; Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon to c DRCongo and Gabon Graukehl-Sumpfhuhn Aenigmatolimnas marginalis
Porzana marginalis
Striped Crake
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Purpurhuhn Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen
sw Europe, nw Africa Purpurhuhn Unterart porphyrio P. porphyrio porphyrio
Porphyrio porphyrio porphyrio
Purple Swamphen (European)
Western Swamp-hen
Western Swamphen
Turkey to the Caspian Sea and nw Iran Purpurhuhn Unterart caspius Porphyrio poliocephalus
Porphyrio porphyrio caspius
Grey-headed Swamp-hen
Purple Swamphen (Gray-headed)
Iraq to nw India Porphyrio porphyrio seistanicus
Sri Lanka, India to s China and n Thailand, Andaman and Nicobar Is. Graukopf-Purpurhuhn P. porphyrio [poliocephalus group]
Porphyrio porphyrio [poliocephalus Group]
Porphyrio porphyrio [poliocephalus group]
Porphyrio porphyrio poliocephalus
Grey-headed Swamphen
Afrika; widespread Afrik. Purpurhuhn
Afrikanisches Purpurhuhn
Purpurhuhn Unterart madagascariensis
Smaragdhuhn
P. porphyrio madagascariensis
Porphyrio madagascariensis
Porphyrio porphyrio madagascariensis
African Swamp-hen
African Swamphen
Purple Swamphen (African)
Afrika; widespread Bronzesultanshuhn Gallinula alleni
Porphyrio alleni
Porphyrula alleni
Allen's Gallinule
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; se USA to n Argentina Zwergsultanshuhn Gallinula martinica
Porphyrio martinica
Porphyrio martinicus
Porphyrula martinica
American Purple Gallinule
Purple Gallinule
Yellow-legged Gallinule
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Indischer Ozean, Südasien, Pazifik; widespread Teichhuhn
Teichralle
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen
Eurasian Moorhen
Moorhen
Europe and n Africa to Japan and se Asia Gallinula chloropus chloropus
Afrika; widespread Zwergteichhuhn Gallinula angulata Lesser Moorhen
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; s Spain and Morocco, Ethiopia to Angola, Namibia and South Africa, Madagascar Kammbleßhuhn
Kammblässhuhn
Kammbläßhuhn
Fulica cristata Crested Coot
Red-knobbed Coot
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Bleßhuhn
Bleßralle
Blässhuhn
Bläßhuhn
Bläßralle
Fulica atra Black Coot
Common Coot
Coot
Eurasian Coot
Europe and n Africa to Japan, India, se Asia, Philippines and Borneo Fulica atra atra
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread, also Hawaiian Islands and n SA Amerik. Blässhuhn
Amerikanisches Blässhuhn
Amerikanisches Bläßhuhn
Fulica americana American Coot
se Alaska and Canada to Costa Rica and the West Indies Fulica americana americana
Nordasien mit Europa; nw and ec Siberia Schneekranich Grus leucogeranus
Leucogeranus leucogeranus
Great White Crane
Siberian Crane
Siberian White Crane
Nordamerika; widespread Kanadakranich Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane
ne Siberia through Alaska and n Canada to Baffin I. Grus canadensis canadensis Sandhill Crane (Lesser)
Nordasien mit Europa; nw Africa, e Turkey, sw Russia to n China Jungfernkranich Anthropoides virgo
Grus virgo
Demoiselle Crane
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kranich Grus grus Common Crane
Crane
Eurasian Crane
CHARADRIIFORMES
Afrika, Südasien; widespread Laufhühnchen Turnix sylvatica
Turnix sylvaticus
Andalusian Hemipode
Common Buttonquail
Little Button-Quail
Small Buttonquail
s Iberian Pen., nw Africa Turnix sylvaticus sylvaticus
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw EU Triel Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Stone-Curlew
Eurasian Stone-curlew
Eurasian Thick-knee
Stone Curlew
Stone-Curlew
Stone-curlew
w and s Europe to the Balkans, Ukraine and Caucasus Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus
w Canary Is. Burhinus oedicnemus distinctus
e Canary Is. Burhinus oedicnemus insularum
n Africa and the Mediterranean islands to Iraq and Iran Burhinus oedicnemus saharae
w Kazakhstan to Pakistan and nw India Burhinus oedicnemus harterti
Afrika; Senegal to Ethiopia and Kenya and north to Egypt Senegaltriel Burhinus senegalensis Senegal Stone-Curlew
Senegal Thick-knee
Nordasien mit Europa; nw, c, e Austernfischer Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher
Oystercatcher
Palaearctic Oystercatcher
Iceland to Scandinavia and s Europe Haematopus ostralegus ostralegus
Ukraine and Turkey to c Russia and w Siberia Haematopus ostralegus longipes
w Kazakhstan to nw China Haematopus ostralegus buturlini
Afrika, Indischer Ozean; Madagascar to Andaman Islands Reiherläufer Dromas ardeola Crab Plover
Crab-plover
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien; widespread Stelzenläufer Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Säbelschnäbler Recurvirostra avosetta Avocet
Pied Avocet
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kiebitz Vanellus vanellus Lapwing
Northern Lapwing
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; se Europe and Middle east, Mauritania to Guinea and east to Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania, north to Egypt Spornkiebitz Hoplopterus spinosus
Vanellus spinosus
Spur-winged Lapwing
Spur-winged Plover
Afrika; e, c, w Schwarzkopfkiebitz
Schwarzschopfkiebitz
Hoplopterus tectus
Vanellus tectus
Black-headed Lapwing
Black-headed Plover
Blackhead Plover
Crested Wattled Plover
sw Mauritania to Ethiopia south to Ivory Coast and Uganda Vanellus tectus tectus
Südasien; widespread, also Middle East Rotlappenkiebitz Hoplopterus indicus
Vanellus indicus
Red-wattled Lapwing
Red-wattled Plover
se Turkey to Pakistan Vanellus indicus aigneri
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia Steppenkiebitz Chettusia gregaria
Vanellus gregarius
Sociable Lapwing
Sociable Plover
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Asia Weißschwanzkiebitz Chettusia leucura
Vanellus leucurus
White-tailed Lapwing
White-tailed Plover
Nordasien mit Europa; Greenland to nc Russia Goldregenpfeifer Charadrius apricaria
Pluvialis apricaria
Eurasian Golden Plover
Eurasian Golden-Plover
European Golden Plover
European Golden-Plover
Golden Plover
Greater Golden Plover
Nordasien mit Europa; nc and ne Siberia, also Alaska Pazifischer Goldregenpfeifer
Tundra-Goldregenpfeifer
Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden Plover
Pacific Golden-Plover
Nordamerika; Alaska and n Canada Amerik. Goldregenpfeifer
Amerikanischer Goldregenpfeifer
Prärie-Goldregenpfeifer
Pluvialis dominica
Pluvialis dominicus
American Golden Plover
American Golden-Plover
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Kiebitzregenpfeifer Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover
Black-bellied Plover / Gray Plover
Grey Plover
n Eurasia and Alaska Pluvialis squatarola squatarola
Nordasien mit Europa; n, also ne Canada Sandregenpfeifer Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover
Ringed Plover
ne Canada, Greenland, Iceland Charadrius hiaticula psammodromus
British Isles and w France to s Norway, s Sweden and the Baltic States Charadrius hiaticula hiaticula
n Eurasia Charadrius hiaticula tundrae
Nordamerika; Alaska and n Canada Amerik. Sandregenpfeifer
Amerikanischer Sandregenpfeifer
Charadrius semipalmatus Semi-palmated Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Flussregenpfeifer
Flußregenpfeifer
Charadrius dubius Little Plover
Little Ringed Plover
n Africa, Europe, Asia (except sc and se) Charadrius dubius curonicus Little Ringed Plover (Northern)
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; Alaska and c Canada to Peru Keilschwanz-Regenpfeifer Charadrius vociferous
Charadrius vociferus
Killdeer
Killdeer Plover
Canada, USA, Mexico Charadrius vociferus vociferus
Afrika; widespread Hirtenregenpfeifer Charadrius pecuarius Kittlitz's Plover
Kittlitz's Sand Plover
Afrika; s, e Dreiband-Regenpfeifer
Dreibandregenpfeifer
Charadrius tricollaris Three-banded Plover
Ethiopia and e Africa to Chad, Gabon and South Africa Charadrius tricollaris tricollaris
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika, Südasien; widespread Seeregenpfeifer Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover
w Europe, Atlantic Is. and n Africa to n China Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus Kentish Plover (Kentish)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Mongolenregenpfeifer Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand Plover
Lesser Sand-Plover
Lesser Sandplover
Mongolian Plover
c and e Himalayas to s Tibet Charadrius mongolus atrifrons
se Siberia Charadrius mongolus mongolus Lesser Sand-Plover (Mongolian)
Nordasien mit Europa; c Wüstenregenpfeifer Charadrius leschenaultii Great Sand Plover
Greater Sand Plover
Greater Sand-Plover
Greater Sandplover
Turkey to s Afghanistan Charadrius leschenaultii columbinus
Turkmenistan through s Kazakhstan Charadrius leschenaultii scythicus
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Russia through Kazakhstan to nw China Wermutregenpfeifer Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover
Nordasien mit Europa; c Siberia to Mongolia and n China Steppenregenpfeifer Charadrius veredus Eastern Sand Plover
Oriental Plover
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to ne Siberia, nw Alaska Mornellregenpfeifer Charadrius morinellus
Eudromias morinellus
Dotterel
Eurasian Dotterel
Afrika; Senegal and Gambia to Ethiopia, DRCongo and n Angola Krokodilwächter Pluvianus aegyptius Crocodile-bird
Egyptian Plover
Egyptian Plover / Crocodile-bird
Afrika, Südasien; widespread Goldschnepfe Rostratula benghalensis Greater Painted Snipe
Greater Painted-Snipe
Greater Painted-snipe
Painted Snipe
Painted-Snipe
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Waldschnepfe Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock
Woodcock
Nordamerika; sc and se Canada, e USA Kanadaschnepfe Scolopax minor American Woodcock
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to ne Siberia Zwergschnepfe Lymnocryptes minima
Lymnocryptes minimus
Jack Snipe
Jacksnipe
Nordasien mit Europa; nw Russia and Mongolia to e Siberia Spießbekassine Gallinago stenura Pin-tailed Snipe
Pintail Snipe
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia and n Mongolia, se Siberia Waldbekassine Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to c Asia Doppelschnepfe Gallinago media Great Snipe
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Bekassine Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe
Snipe
Iceland, Faroe Is., Orkney and Shetland Is. Gallinago gallinago faeroeensis
c and n Europe and Asia Gallinago gallinago gallinago
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread to nw SA Bekassine Unterart delicata
Wilsonbekassine
Gallinago delicata
Gallinago gallinago delicata
Gallinago wilsonia
Wilson's Snipe
Nordamerika; n Kleiner Schlammläufer
Kurzschnabel-Schlammläufer
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher
ne Canada Limnodromus griseus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher (Atlantic)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; ne Siberia, Alaska and n Canada Großer Schlammläufer
Langschnabel-Schlammläufer
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Uferschnepfe Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit
Iceland, Faroe and Shetland Is., n Norway Limosa limosa islandica Black-tailed Godwit (Icelandic)
w and c Europe to c Asia Limosa limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit (European)
Nordamerika; w Alaska to c Canada Hudsonschnepfe Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit
Nordasien mit Europa; n, also Alaska Pfuhlschnepfe Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit
n Europe Limosa lapponica lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit (European)
Nordasien mit Europa; nc and ne Siberia Zwergbrachvogel Numenius minutus Little Curlew
Little Whimbrel
Nordamerika; nw Canada Eskimobrachvogel Numenius borealis Eskimo Curlew
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Regenbrachvogel Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
Iceland and British Isles Numenius phaeopus islandicus
Norway to nc Siberia N. phaeopus [phaeopus group]
Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus group]
Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris
Eurasian Whimbrel
Whimbrel (European)
w Kazakhstan to sw Siberia Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris
Hudson Bay area to ne Canada Hudsonbrachvogel N. phaeopus hudsonicus
Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus
Hudsonian Whimbrel
Whimbrel (American)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Russia Dünnschnabel-Brachvogel Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Brachvogel
Großer Brachvogel
Numenius arquata Curlew
Eurasian Curlew
Western Curlew
w, n and c Europe Numenius arquata arquata
w and c Siberia to Manchuria Numenius arquata orientalis
w Kazakhstan to sw Siberia Numenius arquata suschkini
Nordamerika; Alaska and nw Canada, sc Canada to c and ne USA Prärieläufer Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to ne Siberia Dunkler Wasserläufer Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Rotschenkel Tringa totanus Common Redshank
Redshank
Iceland, Faroe Is. Tringa totanus robusta
w and n Europe to w Siberia Tringa totanus totanus
s Siberia and Mongolia to e Asia Tringa totanus ussuriensis
Nordasien mit Europa; e Europe to e Siberia and ne China Teichwasserläufer Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe to e Siberia Grünschenkel Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank
Greenshank
Nordamerika; s Alaska and w Canada to e Canada Großer Gelbschenkel Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Nordamerika; Alaska to c Canada Kleiner Gelbschenkel Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Nordasien mit Europa; n and c Europe to e Siberia and ne China Waldwasserläufer Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper
Nordamerika; n Einsamer Wasserläufer Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper
e British Columbia to Labrador (Canada) Tringa solitaria solitaria Solitary Sandpiper (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa; n and c Europe to e Siberia and ne China Bruchwasserläufer Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; nc and ne Siberia Grauschwanz-Wasserläufer Heteroscelus brevipes
Tringa brevipes
Gray-tailed Tattler
Grey-tailed Tattler
Nordamerika; e, c, se Schlammtreter Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Tringa semipalmata
Willet
sc Canada, nc USA Tringa semipalmata inornata Willet (Western)
se Canada, e and s USA, West Indies Tringa semipalmata semipalmata Willet (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa; e Europe to ne Siberia Terekwasserläufer Tringa cinerea
Tringa cinereus
Xenus cinereus
Terek Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Flussuferläufer
Flußuferläufer
Actitis hypoleucos
Tringa hypoleucos
Common Sandpiper
Nordamerika; widespread Drosseluferläufer Actitis macularia
Actitis macularius
Tringa macularia
Spotted Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Steinwälzer Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone
Turnstone
ne Canada, Greenland, n Europe to ne Siberia and w Alaska Arenaria interpres interpres
ne Alaska, n Canada Arenaria interpres morinella
Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia Großer Knutt Calidris tenuirostris Great Knot
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Knutt Calidris canutus Knot
Red Knot
nc Siberia Calidris canutus canutus
islands off n Canada, n Greenland Calidris canutus islandica
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Sanderling Calidris alba
Ereunetes albus
Sanderling
Ellesmere I., n and e Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land and Taymyr Calidris alba alba
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia, w and n Alaska and n Canada Sandstrandläufer Calidris pusilla
Ereunetes pusillus
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia, w and n Alaska Bergstrandläufer Calidris mauri
Ereunetes mauri
Western Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n and ne Siberia Rotkehl-Strandläufer Calidris ruficollis
Ereunetes ruficollis
Red-necked Stint
Rufous-necked Stint
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe and n Asia Zwergstrandläufer Calidris minuta
Ereunetes minutus
Little Stint
Nordasien mit Europa; n Europe and n Asia Temminckstrandläufer Calidris temminckii
Ereunetes temminckii
Temminck's Stint
Nordasien mit Europa; c and e Siberia Langzehen-Strandläufer Calidris subminuta
Ereunetes subminutus
Long-toed Stint
Nordamerika; Alaska and n Canada Wiesenstrandläufer Calidris minutilla
Ereunetes minutillus
Least Sandpiper
Nordamerika; n Alaska and n Canada Weißbürzel-Strandläufer Calidris fuscicollis
Ereunetes fuscicollis
White-rumped Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia, Alaska, n Canada and w Greenland Bairdstrandläufer Calidris bairdii
Ereunetes bairdii
Baird's Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Siberia, w and n Alaska and n Canada Graubrust-Strandläufer Calidris melanotos
Ereunetes melanotos
Pectoral Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n Siberia Spitzschwanz-Strandläufer Calidris acuminata
Limicola acuminata
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n Asia Sichelstrandläufer Calidris ferruginea
Ereunetes ferrugineus
Curlew Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard, Scandinavia to nc Siberia Meerstrandläufer Calidris maritima
Ereunetes maritimus
Purple Sandpiper
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Alpenstrandläufer Calidris alpina
Ereunetes alpina
Dunlin
ne Greenland Calidris alpina arctica Dunlin (Greenland)
se Greenland, Iceland, the British Isles to Scandinavia and the Baltic Calidris alpina schinzii Dunlin (Icelandic)
n Europe to nw Siberia Calidris alpina alpina Dunlin (European)
nc to ne Siberia Calidris alpina centralis
c Canada Calidris alpina hudsonia Dunlin (Eastern)
Nordamerika; n Alaska and n Canada Bindenstrandläufer Calidris himantopus
Ereunetes himantopus
Micropalama himantopus
Stilt Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; n Sumpfläufer Calidris falcinellus
Limicola falcinellus
Broad-billed Sandpiper
n Europe to nw Siberia Calidris falcinellus falcinellus
Limicola falcinellus falcinellus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; ne Siberia, n Alaska and n Canada Grasläufer Calidris subruficollis
Ereunetes subruficollis
Tryngites subruficollis
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe to e Siberia Kampfläufer Calidris pugnax
Philomachus pugnax
Ruff
Nordamerika; w and c Canada, n USA Wilsonwassertreter Phalaropus tricolor
Steganopus tricolor
Wilson's Phalarope
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Alaska, n Canada, n Europe and n Asia Odinshühnchen Phalaropus lobatus Northern Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Alaska, n Canada, n Europe and n Asia Thorshühnchen Phalaropus fulicaria
Phalaropus fulicarius
Grey Phalarope
Red Phalarope
Red Phalarope / Gray Phalarope
Afrika; ne, c, w, also sw EU Rennvogel Cursorius cursor Cream-colored Courser
Cream-coloured Courser
Cream-coloured Coursor
Canary Is., North Africa to Iraq Cursorius cursor cursor
se Turkey to nw India Cursorius cursor bogolubovi
Cape Verde Is. Cursorius cursor exsul
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole
Pratincole
s Europe and n Africa to Pakistan Glareola pratincola pratincola
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; c and e Siberia, Japan, China and widespread throughout the Orient Orientbrachschwalbe Glareola maldivarum
Glareola maldivarus
Eastern Collared Pratincole
Oriental Pratincole
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to c Asia Schwarzflügel-Brachschwalbe Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole
Tropenmeere; widespread Noddi
Noddiseeschwalbe
Anous stolidus Brown Noddy
Common Noddy
islands of the Caribbean and tropical Atlantic Anous stolidus stolidus
Afrika; widespread Afrik. Scherenschnabel
Afrikanischer Scherenschnabel
Rynchops flavirostris African Skimmer
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n coasts Dreizehenmöwe Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake
Kittiwake
n, e Canada and n Europe to n Russia Rissa tridactyla tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake (Atlantic)
e Siberia to w Alaska Rissa tridactyla pollicaris Black-legged Kittiwake (Pacific)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n coasts Elfenbeinmöwe Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n coasts Schwalbenmöwe Larus sabini
Xema sabini
Sabine's Gull
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Iberian Pen. Through the Middle East to Pakistan and India; Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia Dünnschnabelmöwe Chroicocephalus genei
Larus genei
Slender-billed Gull
Nordamerika; sw Alaska to se Canada Bonapartemöwe Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Larus philadelphia
Bonaparte's Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Asia, w China and Tibet Braunkopflachmöwe
Braunkopfmöwe
Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Larus brunnicephalus
Brown-headed Gull
Indian Black-headed Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Lachmöwe Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Larus ridibundus
Black-headed Gull
Common Black-headed Gull
Südamerika, Afrika; widespread Graukopfmöwe Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Larus cirrocephalus
Gray-hooded Gull
Gray-hooded Gull / Gray-headed Gull
Grey-headed Gull
Grey-hooded Gull
coastal Africa south of the Sahara and Madagascar Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus poiocephalus
Nordasien mit Europa; e and n Europe to w Siberia; e Siberia Zwergmöwe Hydrocoloeus minutus
Larus minutus
Little Gull
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n coasts Rosenmöwe Rhodostethia rosea Ross' Gull
Ross's Gull
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread coasts Aztekenmöwe Larus atricilla
Leucophaeus atricilla
Laughing Gull
coastal se Canada, e and s USA to e Central America, sw USA, w Mexico Leucophaeus atricilla megalopterus
Nordamerika; sc canada and nc USA Präriemöwe Larus pipixcan
Leucophaeus pipixcan
Franklin's Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; Kazahkstan to Mongolia and nc China Reliktmöwe Ichthyaetus relictus
Larus relictus
Relict Gull
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Mediterranean and nw AF coasts Korallenmöwe Ichthyaetus audouinii
Larus audouinii
Audouin's Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread in Europe Schwarzkopfmöwe Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Larus melanocephalus
Mediterranean Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Russia to Mongolia and n China Fischmöwe Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Larus ichthyaetus
Great Black-headed Gull
Pallas' Gull
Pallas's Gull
Afrika; Red Sea Weißaugenmöwe Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus
Larus leucophthalmus
White-eyed Gull
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; east AF and Middle East coasts Hemprichmöwe Ichthyaetus hemprichii
Larus hemprichii
Sooty Gull
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to Siberia and nw NA Sturmmöwe Larus canus Common Gull
Mew Gull
Iceland and the British Isles to White Sea Larus canus canus Mew Gull (European)
w Russia to c Siberia Larus canus heinei Mew Gull (Russian)
n Alaska, w Canada Larus canus brachyrhynchus Mew Gull (American)
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s Canada and n USA Ringschnabelmöwe Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; coastal e NA and w Europe Mantelmöwe Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull
Greater Black-backed Gull
Südamerika, Australien mit Neuguinea, Afrika; s coasts Dominikanermöwe Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull
Southern Black-backed Gull
southern Africa Larus dominicanus vetula Kelp Gull (Cape)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; coastal n Pacific Beringmöwe Larus glaucescens Glaucous-winged Gull
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; widespread n coasts Eismöwe Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull
n Europe to nw Siberia Larus hyperboreus hyperboreus
nc Canada to Greenland and Iceland Larus hyperboreus leuceretes
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n AO coast Polarmöwe Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull
ne Canada Kumlienmöwe
Polarmöwe Unterart kumlieni
L. glaucoides kumlieni
Larus glaucoides kumlieni
Iceland Gull (Kumlien's)
Kumlien's Gull
s and w Greenland, Novaya Zemlya L. glaucoides glaucoides
Larus glaucoides glaucoides
Iceland Gull (glaucoides)
Nordamerika; n Canada and w Greenland Polarmöwe Unterart thayeri
Thayermöwe
Larus glaucoides thayeri
Larus thayeri
Thayer's Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; n Silbermöwe Larus argentatus European Herring Gull
Herring Gull
Iceland, nw Europe Silbermöwe Unterart argenteus L. argentatus [argentatus group]
Larus argentatus [argentatus group]
Larus argentatus argenteus
Herring Gull (European)
Western Herring Gull
Scandinavia to the Kola Pen. (nw Russia) Silbermöwe Unterart argentatus Larus argentatus argentatus
Larus argentatus argentatus/argenteus
Scandinavian Herring Gull
Nordamerika; c Alaska to Newfoundland and the Great Lakes Amerik. Silbermöwe
Amerikanische Silbermöwe
Kanadamöwe
Silbermöwe Unterart smithsonianus
L. argentatus smithsonianus
Larus argentatus smithsonianus
Larus smithsonianus
American Herring Gull
Herring Gull (American)
Nordasien mit Europa; c Eurasia to ne China Steppen-Weißkopfmöwe
Steppenmöwe
Weißkopfmöwe
L. cachinnans cachinnans
Larus cachinnans
Larus cachinnans cachinnans
Caspian Gull
Caspian Gull (Caspian)
Caspian Yellow-legged Gull
Pontic Gull
Pontic Yellow-legged Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; w Mittelmeer-Weißkopfmöwe
Mittelmeermöwe
Larus michahellis Yellow-legged Gull
Azore, Madeira and Canary Is. Atlantikmöwe
Weißkopfmöwe Unterart atlantis
L. michahellis atlantis
Larus cachinnans atlantis
Larus michahellis atlantis
Atlantic Yellow-legged Gull
Azores Gull
Yellow-legged Gull (Azorean)
w and s Europe, nw Africa, Mediterranean L. michahellis michahellis
Larus michahellis michahellis
Yellow-legged Gull (Mediterranean)
Nordasien mit Europa; Armenia to e Turkey and nw Iran Armenienmöwe
Armeniermöwe
Larus armenicus
Larus cachinnans armenicus
Armenian Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; coastal ne and e Siberia, n Japan Kamtschatkamöwe Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull
Nordasien mit Europa; w Europe to c Northern Siberia; also Greenland and Iceland Heringsmöwe Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull
Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Is., w Europe Heringsmöwe Unterart graellsii L. fuscus [graellsii group]
Larus fuscus [graellsii group]
Larus fuscus graellsii
Larus graellsii
East North Sea Lesser Black-backed Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, sw Sweden and w Norway Heringsmöwe Unterart intermedius Larus fuscus intermedius Lesser Black-backed Gull (intermedius)
Western Lesser Black-backed Gull
n Norway, Sweden and Finland to the White Sea Baltische Heringsmöwe L. fuscus fuscus
Larus fuscus fuscus
Baltic Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull (fuscus)
n Russia to nc Siberia Tundramöwe L. fuscus heuglini
Larus fuscus heuglini
Larus heuglini
Heuglin's Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Heuglin's)
Siberian Gull
c Asia Barabamöwe L. cachinnans barabensis
Larus cachinnans barabensis
Larus fuscus barabensis
Caspian Gull (Steppe)
Steppe Gull
weltweit; widespread Lachseeschwalbe Gelochelidon nilotica
Sterna nilotica
Gull-billed Tern
Europe, n Africa through the Middle East and sc Asia to w China and Thailand Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica
weltweit; widespread except SA Raubseeschwalbe Hydroprogne caspia
Sterna caspia
Caspian Tern
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika, Afrika; coasts Königsseeschwalbe Sterna maxima
Thalasseus maximus
Royal Tern
s California (USA) to Peru, Florida and West Indies to Argentina Thalasseus maximus maximus Royal Tern (American)
Mauritania to Guinea Thalasseus maximus albididorsalis Royal Tern (African)
Australien mit Neuguinea, Südasien, Afrika; coasts of e AF to the s Pacific Eilseeschwalbe Sterna bergii
Thalasseus bergii
Crested Tern
Great Crested Tern
Great Crested Tern / Greater Crested Tern
Great Crested-Tern
Greater Crested Tern
Swift Tern
Red Sea and nw Somalia to Burma and w Sumatra Thalasseus bergii velox
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; coastal sw USA and nw Mexico Schmuckseeschwalbe Sterna elegans
Thalasseus elegans
Elegant Tern
Afrika, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread coasts Rüppellseeschwalbe Sterna bengalensis
Thalasseus bengalensis
Lesser Crested Tern
Lesser Crested-Tern
Red Sea and Indian Ocean Thalasseus bengalensis bengalensis
Libya and Persian Gulf Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; northern Europe to Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Seas Brandseeschwalbe Sterna sandvicensis
T. sandvicensis sandvicensis
Thalasseus sandvicensis
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis
Sandwich Tern
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread coasts from Virginia to French Guiana, Argentina Amerik. Brandseeschwalbe
Amerikanische Brandseeschwalbe
T. sandvicensis acuflavida
Thalasseus acuflavidus
Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavida
Cabot's Tern
e North America to s Caribbean Thalasseus acuflavidus acuflavidus
Thalasseus sandvicensis acuflavidus
Sandwich Tern (Cabot's)
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Zwergseeschwalbe Sterna albifrons
Sternula albifrons
Little Tern
Europe and n Africa to c Asia, Sternula albifrons albifrons
Mauritania to Gabon Sternula albifrons guineae
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Middle East Orientseeschwalbe Sterna saundersi
Sterna saundersii
Sternula saundersi
Black-shafted Tern
Saunders' Little Tern
Saunders' Tern
Saunders's Little Tern
Saunders's Tern
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Amerik. Zwergseeschwalbe
Amerikanische Zwergseeschwalbe
Antillen-Zwergseeschwalbe
Sterna antillarum
Sternula antillarum
American Least Tern
Least Tern
e and s USA to Honduras, Caribbean, n South America Sternula antillarum antillarum Least Tern (Atlantic)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Pacific coasts Aleutenseeschwalbe Onychoprion aleuticus
Sterna aleutica
Aleutian Tern
Tropenmeere; widespread Zügelseeschwalbe Onychoprion anaethetus
Sterna anaethetus
Bridled Tern
Caribbean Sea and w Africa Onychoprion anaethetus melanopterus
Red Sea, Persian Gulf and w Indian Ocean Onychoprion anaethetus antarcticus
Tropenmeere; widespread Rußseeschwalbe Onychoprion fuscatus
Sterna fuscata
Sooty Tern
Gulf of Mexico and West Indies, Gulf of Guinea, s Atlantic Onychoprion fuscatus fuscatus
Red Sea and Indian Ocean to Ryukyu Is., Philippines and Greater Sundas Onychoprion fuscatus nubilosus
weltweit; widespread coasts Rosenseeschwalbe Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern
e North America, West Indies, Azores, Europe, Africa Sterna dougallii dougallii
Seychelles to Madagascar and Rodrigues I. Sterna dougallii arideensis
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; widespread Fluss-Seeschwalbe
Flussseeschwalbe
Flußseeschwalbe
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
North America to n South America, n and w Africa, Europe to nw Siberia and w China Sterna hirundo hirundo Common Tern (Common)
w Himalayas to w Mongolia and Tibet Sterna hirundo tibetana
c Siberia to n Mongolia Sterna hirundo minussensis
ne Siberia to ne China Sterna hirundo longipennis Common Tern (Siberian)
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; coastal Kenya to coastal Pakistan Weißwangen-Seeschwalbe Sterna repressa White-cheeked Tern
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; widespread through the north Küstenseeschwalbe Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; sc Canada through the USA to ne Mexico Forsterseeschwalbe Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread Weißbart-Seeschwalbe Chlidonias hybrida
Chlidonias hybridus
Whiskered Tern
n Africa and sw Europe to c Asia, se Siberia, China and se Asia Chlidonias hybrida hybrida
Nordasien mit Europa; e Europe to e Siberia and ne China Weißflügel-Seeschwalbe Chlidonias leucoptera
Chlidonias leucopterus
White-winged Black Tern
White-winged Tern
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Trauerseeschwalbe Chlidonias niger
Chlidonias nigra
Black Tern
Europe to c Asia C. niger niger
Chlidonias niger niger
Black Tern (Eurasian)
Eurasian Black Tern
Canada, n USA Amerik. Trauerseeschwalbe
Amerikanische Trauerseeschwalbe
C. niger surinamensis
Chlidonias niger surinamensis
American Black Tern
Black Tern (American)
Antarktis; coasts Antarktikskua Catharacta maccormicki
Stercorarius maccormicki
South Polar Skua
Nordasien mit Europa; nw islands and coasts Skua Catharacta skua
Stercorarius skua
Great Skua
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Spatelraubmöwe Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger
Pomarine Jaeger / Pomarine Skua
Pomarine Skua
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Schmarotzerraubmöwe Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic Skua
Parasitic Jaeger
Parasitic Jaeger / Arctic Skua
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Falkenraubmöwe Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger
Long-tailed Skua
n Scandinavia and n Russia Stercorarius longicaudus longicaudus
e Siberia, arctic North America, Greenland Stercorarius longicaudus pallescens
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n coasts Krabbentaucher Alle alle Dovekie
Dovekie / Little Auk
Little Auk
Baffin I. (Canada) to Novaya Zemlya (nw Russia) Alle alle alle
Frans Josef Land (Russia) to St. Lawrence I. (Alaska) Alle alle polaris
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n coasts Dickschnabellumme Uria lomvia Brunnich's Guillemot
Brünnich's Guillemot
Thick-billed Guillemot
Thick-billed Murre
Thick-billed Murre / Brunnich's Guillemot
ne Canada to Novaya Zemlya (nw Russia) Uria lomvia lomvia
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n coasts Trottellumme Uria aalge Common Guillemot
Common Murre
Common Murre / Guillemot
Guillemot
e Canada to Iceland, Scotland, s Norway and the Baltic Sea Uria aalge aalge
n Norway to Svalbard and nw Russia Uria aalge hyperborea
British Isles to w Iberian Pen. Uria aalge albionis
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Atlantic coasts Tordalk Alca torda Razorbill
ne North America, Greenland to n Scandinavia and the White Sea Alca torda torda
Iceland, Faroe Is., British Isles to nw France Alca torda islandica
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n coasts Gryllteiste Cepphus grylle Black Guillemot
ne Canada to Svalbard to n Siberia and n Alaska Cepphus grylle mandtii Black Guillemot (Arctic)
ne USA, se Canada and s Greenland to the British Isles, s Scandinavia and the White Sea Cepphus grylle arcticus Black Guillemot (Subarctic)
Iceland Cepphus grylle islandicus
Faroe Is. Cepphus grylle [grylle Group]
Cepphus grylle faeroeensis
Baltic Sea Cepphus grylle grylle
Nordasien mit Europa; ne coasts Asiatischer Marmelalk
Langschnabelalk
Brachyramphus perdix Long-billed Murrelet
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Pacific coasts Silberalk Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet
ne Asia, the Aleutian Is. to s Alaska Synthliboramphus antiquus antiquus
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Pacific coasts Rotschnabelalk Aethia psittacula
Cyclorrhynchus psittacula
Parakeet Auklet
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Pacific coasts Schopfalk Aethia cristatella Crested Auklet
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; e Canada and ne USA, Greenland, Iceland and nw Europe to Novaya Zemlya (nw Russia) Papageitaucher Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin
Puffin
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Pacific coasts Gelbschopflund Fratercula cirrhata
Lunda cirrhata
Tufted Puffin
PTEROCLIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; w Kazahkstan to ne and ec China Steppenflughuhn
Steppenhuhn
Syrrhaptes paradoxus Pallas' Sandgrouse
Pallas's Sandgrouse
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; sw EU, n AF Spießflughuhn Pterocles alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse
Pintailed Sandgrouse
Iberian Pen., se France Pterocles alchata alchata Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Iberian)
n Africa through the Middle East to s Kazakhstan and Pakistan Pterocles alchata caudacutus Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pin-tailed)
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w AF to India Braunbauch-Flughuhn Pterocles exustus Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse
Egypt Pterocles exustus floweri Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (African)
w and s Arabian Pen. Pterocles exustus erlangeri Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Arabian)
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; nw AF to nw India Tropfenflughuhn Pterocles senegallus Spotted Sandgrouse
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, also n AF Sandflughuhn Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse
Canary Is., Iberian Pen., Morocco to w Iran Pterocles orientalis orientalis
Kazakhstan to s Iran and Afghanistan, east to nw China Pterocles orientalis arenarius
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; w AF to Pakistan Kronenflughuhn Pterocles coronatus Crowned Sandgrouse
w and c Sahara to e Egypt and n Sudan Pterocles coronatus coronatus
Sinai Pen. (ne Egypt) to Israel and Jordan Pterocles coronatus vastitas
Arabian Pen. to s Afghanistan Pterocles coronatus atratus
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; nw AF to Pakistan Wellenflughuhn Pterocles lichtensteinii Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse
Morocco and Mauritania to Chad Pterocles lichtensteinii targius
ne Chad, n Sudan to Eritrea and n Somalia, e and ne Egypt to Jordan Pterocles lichtensteinii lichtensteinii
COLUMBIFORMES
weltweit; widespread Felsentaube C. livia
Columba livia
Common Pigeon
Feral Rock Pigeon
Rock Dove
Rock Pigeon
Rock Pigeon / Rock Dove
w and c Europe, n Africa to c Asia Columba livia livia
n Mali and s Algeria to c Sudan Columba livia targia
w Egypt Columba livia dakhlae
e Egypt, s Sudan, Eritrea Columba livia schimperi
Sinai Pen. (Egypt) to Syria, w and s Arabian Pen. Columba livia palaestinae
e Turkey to Uzbekistan and w and n Afghanistan Columba livia gaddi
w Pakistan and e Afghanistan to the Himalayas Columba livia neglecta
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw Hohltaube Columba oenas Stock Dove
Stock Pigeon
w Europe and nw Africa to n Kazakhstan, sw Siberia and n Iran Columba oenas oenas
Nordasien mit Europa; Iran to nw China Gelbaugentaube Columba eversmanni Pale-backed Pigeon
Yellow-eyed Pigeon
Yellow-eyed Stock Dove
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw Ringeltaube Columba palumbus Common Wood Pigeon
Common Wood-Pigeon
Common Wood-pigeon
Common Woodpigeon
Wood Pigeon
Wood pigeon
Woodpigeon
Europe to w Siberia and Iraq; nw Africa Columba palumbus palumbus
e and c Azores Columba palumbus azorica
sw and n Iran to sw Turkmenistan Columba palumbus iranica
Afrika; Madeira Silberhalstaube Columba trocaz Madeira Laurel Pigeon
Madeira Laurel-pigeon
Trocaz Pigeon
Afrika; Canary Islands Bolles Lorbeertaube Columba bollii Bolle's Laurel Pigeon
Bolle's Pigeon
Dark-tailed Laurel Pigeon
Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon
Afrika; Canary Islands Lorbeertaube Columba junoniae Laurel Pigeon
White-tailed Laurel Pigeon
White-tailed Laurel-pigeon
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Turteltaube Streptopelia turtur European Turtle Dove
European Turtle-Dove
European Turtle-dove
Turtle Dove
Europe, Madeira and Canary Is. to w Siberia Streptopelia turtur turtur
nw Africa to Iran and w China Streptopelia turtur arenicola
Air Massif and Hoggar Mts. (southern Sahara) Streptopelia turtur hoggara
Egypt and n Sudan Streptopelia turtur rufescens
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; c, e Asia through India and Southeast Asia Orientturteltaube Streptopelia orientalis Eastern Turtle Dove
Oriental Turtle Dove
Oriental Turtle-Dove
Oriental Turtle-dove
Rufous Turtle Dove
sw Siberia to Iran and the Himalayas Streptopelia orientalis meena
c Siberia to Japan, China, the Himalayas and Taiwan Streptopelia orientalis orientalis
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w Europe to India and e China Türkentaube Streptopelia decaocto Collared Dove
Eurasian Collared Dove
Eurasian Collared-Dove
Eurasian Collared-dove
Europe to w China and Korea Streptopelia decaocto decaocto
Afrika; ne, c, w, also sw Arabian Peninsula Lachtaube S. roseogrisea
Streptopelia risoria
Streptopelia roseogrisea
African Collared Dove
African Collared-Dove
African Collared-dove
sw Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to n Sudan and nw Ethiopia Streptopelia roseogrisea roseogrisea
Afrika; widespread Brillentaube Streptopelia decipiens African Mourning Dove
Mourning Collared Dove
Mourning Collared-Dove
Mourning Collared-dove
e Sudan to Ethiopia and nw Somalia Streptopelia decipiens decipiens
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; India and c Asia to s Arabian Peninsula and AF Palmtaube Spilopelia senegalensis
Stigmatopelia senegalensis
Streptopelia senegalensis
Laughing Dove
Palm Dove
Morocco to nw Libya Spilopelia senegalensis phoenicophila
Streptopelia senegalensis phoenicophila
Nile Valley (Egypt) Spilopelia senegalensis aegyptiaca
Streptopelia senegalensis aegyptiaca
w Arabia, Socotra I., Africa south of the Sahara Spilopelia senegalensis senegalensis
Streptopelia senegalensis senegalensis
e Arabia and e Iran to India and Bangladesh Spilopelia senegalensis cambayensis
Streptopelia senegalensis cambayensis
Kazakhstan, n Afghanistan, w China Spilopelia senegalensis ermanni
Afrika; widespread Kaptäubchen Oena capensis Namaqua Dove
Africa south of the Sahara, Socotra I., Arabia Oena capensis capensis
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Carolinataube Zenaida macroura American Mourning Dove
Mourning Dove
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Senegal and Gambia to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Uganda, also sw Arabian Peninsula Waaliataube Treron waalia Bruce's Green Pigeon
Bruce's Green-Pigeon
Bruce's Green-pigeon
Yellow-bellied Green Pigeon
CUCULIFORMES
Afrika; widespread Spornkuckuck Centropus senegalensis Senegal Coucal
s Egypt Centropus senegalensis aegyptius
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe through AF Häherkuckuck Clamator glandarius
Cuculus glandarius
Great Spotted Cuckoo
Afrika, Südasien; widespread in AF, India to Burma Jakobinerkuckuck Clamator jacobinus
Oxylophus jacobinus
Black & White Cuckoo
Black and White Cuckoo
Jacobin Cuckoo
Pied Cuckoo
Africa south of the Sahara to n Zambia and Malawi, nw India to Nepal and Burma Clamator jacobinus pica
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s Canada to n Mexico and West Indies Gelbschnabelkuckuck Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Nordamerika; sc and se Canada, c and e USA Schwarzschnabelkuckuck Coccyzus erythrophthalmus
Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Black-billed Cuckoo
Südasien; widespread, also Lesser Sundas Indischer Koel
Indischer Koël
Eudynamys scolopacea
Eudynamys scolopaceus
Asian Koel
Common Koel
Koel
Nepal, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Laccadives and Maldives Eudynamys scolopaceus scolopaceus Asian Koel (Asian)
Afrika; widespread, also se Arabian Peninsula Goldkuckuck Chrysococcyx caprius Dideric Cuckoo
Didric Cuckoo
Diederick Cuckoo
Diederik Cuckoo
Nordasien mit Europa; ne Asia Horsfieldkuckuck Cuculus horsfieldi
Cuculus optatus
Horsfield's Cuckoo
Oriental Cuckoo
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kuckuck Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo
Cuckoo
Eurasian Cuckoo
Europe and the Middle East to Kamchatka, Japan and n China Cuculus canorus canorus
Iberian Pen., Balearic Is. and nw Africa Cuculus canorus bangsi
Turkmenistan to s Mongolia Cuculus canorus subtelephonus
STRIGIFORMES
Nordamerika, Südamerika, Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Schleiereule Tyto alba Barn Owl
Common Barn-Owl / Western Barn-Owl
Common Barn-owl
Western Barn Owl
nw Africa, w and s Europe to the Balkans T. alba [alba group]
Tyto alba [alba Group]
Tyto alba [alba group]
Tyto alba alba
Barn Owl (Eurasian)
Common Barn Owl
c Europe and e Balkans to the Ukraine Tyto alba guttata
Corsica and Sardinia Tyto alba ernesti
Crete and Cyprus through the Middle East to s Iran Tyto alba erlangeri
Madeira Tyto alba schmitzi Barn Owl (Madeiran)
e Canary Is. Tyto alba gracilirostris Barn Owl (Canary Islands)
Cape Verde Is. Kapverden-Schleiereule T. alba detorta
Tyto alba detorta
Barn Owl (Cape Verde)
Cape Verde Barn Owl
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, c Streifen-Zwergohreule
Streifenohreule
Otus brucei Pallid Scops Owl
Pallid Scops-Owl
Pallid Scops-owl
Striated Scops Owl
Israel and s Iraq to w Pakistan and ne Arabia Otus brucei exiguus
s Turkey and n Syria to Uzbekistan and n Afghanistan Otus brucei obsoletus
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Zwergohreule Otus scops Common Scops-Owl
Common Scops-owl
Eurasian Scops Owl
Eurasian Scops-Owl
Eurasian Scops-owl
European Scops-Owl
Scops Owl
France and Italy to the Caucasus area Otus scops scops European Scops-Owl (European)
Iberian Pen., Balearic Is. and nw Africa Otus scops mallorcae
s Greece and Crete to s Turkey, Syria and Jordan Otus scops cycladum
Cyprus Otus scops cyprius European Scops-Owl (Cyprus)
Iraq to nw Pakistan Otus scops [scops Group]
Otus scops turanicus
Kazakhstan to s Siberia and w Himalayas Otus scops pulchellus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread in the north Schnee-Eule
Schneeeule
Bubo scandiaca
Bubo scandiacus
Nyctea scandiaca
Snowy Owl
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Uhu Bubo bubo Eagle Owl
Eurasian Eagle-Owl
Eurasian Eagle-owl
Northern Eagle Owl
Iberian Pen. Bubo bubo hispanus
Scandinavia and France to w Russia Bubo bubo bubo
Turkey to Bulgaria, Romania and s Ukraine Bubo bubo interpositus
e Iraq to w Pakistan Bubo bubo nikolskii
c, e and s European Russia Bubo bubo ruthenus
Ural Mts.of e European Russia and w Siberia to c and sw Siberia Bubo bubo sibiricus
Kazakhstan to w Mongolia and nw China Bubo bubo turcomanus
Afrika; nw AF to Arabian Peninsula Wüstenuhu Bubo ascalaphus
Bubo bubo ascalaphus
Desert Eagle Owl
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl
Pharaoh Eagle-owl
Südasien, Nordasien mit Europa; Middle East to Southeast Asia Fischuhu Bubo zeylonensis
Ketupa zeylonensis
Brown Fish Owl
Brown Fish-Owl
Brown Fish-owl
Middle East to nw India Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi Brown Fish-Owl (Western)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Eurasia, n Africa Waldkauz Strix aluco Eurasian Tawny Owl
Tawny Owl
n, c and se Europe through the Ukraine and European Russia Strix aluco [aluco Group]
Strix aluco aluco
nw Africa Strix aluco mauritanica Tawny Owl (Atlas)
ne Iraq and w Iran Strix aluco sanctinicolai
Ural Mts. to w Siberia Strix aluco siberiae
w and s Europe, w Turkey Strix aluco sylvatica
ne Turkey and nw Iran to Turkmenistan Strix aluco willkonskii
Nordasien mit Europa; Middle east, se Egypt Fahlkauz Strix butleri Hume's Owl
Hume's Tawny Owl
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Habichtskauz Strix uralensis Ural Owl
c and se Europe Strix uralensis macroura
n Poland and Scandinavia to nw Russia Strix uralensis liturata
e European Russia to w Siberia Strix uralensis uralensis
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Bartkauz Strix nebulosa Great Gray Owl
Great Grey Owl
n Europe, n Asia Strix nebulosa lapponica Great Gray Owl (Eurasian)
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Sperbereule Surnia ulula Hawk Owl
Northern Hawk Owl
Northern Hawk-Owl
n Eurasia Surnia ulula ulula
n North America Surnia ulula caparoch
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Sperlingskauz Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy Owl
Eurasian Pygmy-Owl
Eurasian Pygmy-owl
Pygmy Owl
c and n Europe to sw Siberia Glaucidium passerinum passerinum
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread EU; n, ne AF Steinkauz Athene noctua Little Owl
w Europe Athene noctua vidalii
c, s and se Europe to nw Russia A. noctua [noctua group]
Athene noctua [noctua group]
Athene noctua noctua
Common Little Owl
Little Owl (Little)
Romania to Greece through Ukraine and Turkey east to s Russia Athene noctua indigena
Cyprus, s Turkey to Iraq and the Sinai (Egypt) Wüstensteinkauz A. noctua [lilith group]
Athene noctua [lilith group]
Athene noctua lilith
Desert Little Owl
Little Owl (Lilith)
Iraq and Azerbaijan to Pakistan and nw India Athene noctua bactriana Little Owl (Hutton's)
coastal n Africa to sw Israel Athene noctua glaux
Morocco to w Egypt, c Arabia Athene noctua saharae
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Raufußkauz
Rauhfußkauz
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl
Boreal Owl / Tengmalm's Owl
Tengmalm's Owl
n, c and se Europe to the Ural Mts. (Russia) Aegolius funereus [funereus Group]
Aegolius funereus funereus
Boreal Owl (Tengmalm's)
n Caucasus Mts. (Russia) Aegolius funereus caucasicus
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Waldohreule Asio otus Long-eared Owl
Northern Long-eared Owl
Europe, Asia and n Africa Asio otus otus
Canary Is. Asio otus canariensis
Asio otus otus/canariensis
Long-eared Owl (Eurasian)
weltweit; widespread except AU Sumpfohreule Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl
North America, Europe, n Africa and n Asia Asio flammeus flammeus Short-eared Owl (Northern)
Afrika; widespread Kapohreule Asio capensis African Marsh Owl
Marsh Owl
n Morocco Asio capensis tingitanus
CAPRIMULGIFORMES
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Falkennachtschwalbe
Nachtfalke
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
Nighthawk
c and s Canada, c and e USA Chordeiles minor minor
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Iberian Peninsula to nw AF Rothals-Ziegenmelker Caprimulgus ruficollis Red-necked Nightjar
Iberian Pen., n Morocco Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis
ne Morocco, n Algeria and n Tunisia Caprimulgus ruficollis desertorum
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Nachtschwalbe
Ziegenmelker
Caprimulgus europaeus Eurasian Nightjar
European Nightjar
Nightjar
c and n Europe to c, n and sc Siberia Caprimulgus europaeus europaeus
s Europe and n Africa to the Caucasus and nw Iran Caprimulgus europaeus meridionalis
Kazakhstan and w Siberia Caprimulgus europaeus sarudnyi
Iraq and Iran to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan Caprimulgus europaeus unwini
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; nw AF to sc Asia Pharaonenziegenmelker Caprimulgus aegyptius Egyptian Nightjar
Morocco to w Egypt Caprimulgus aegyptius saharae
ne Egypt through Arabia to w China, w Pakistan and se Iran Caprimulgus aegyptius aegyptius
Afrika; ne, n, also w, sw Arabian Peninsula Nubischer Ziegenmelker Caprimulgus nubicus Nubian Nightjar
Jordan and Israel through sw Saudi Arabia to Yemen Caprimulgus nubicus nubicus/tamaricis
Caprimulgus nubicus tamaricis
Nubian Nightjar (Nubian)
APODIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; e, s Asia Stachelschwanzsegler Hirundapus caudacuta
Hirundapus caudacutus
Needle-tailed Swift
White-throated Needletail
White-throated Spinetailed Swift
c Siberia to Japan and Kuril Is. Hirundapus caudacutus caudacutus
Nordamerika; sc and se Canada, c and e USA Schornsteinsegler Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Afrika; widespread Palmensegler Cypsiurus parvus African Palm Swift
African Palm-Swift
African Palm-swift
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread, also India Alpensegler Apus melba
Tachymarptis melba
Alpine Swift
s Europe through Turkey to nw Iran Apus melba melba
Tachymarptis melba melba
Morocco through the Middle East and e to w Pakistan Apus melba tuneti
Tachymarptis melba tuneti
n Somalia, sw Arabia to Jordan and Israel Apus melba archeri
Tachymarptis melba archeri
Afrika; Cape Verde Islands Alexandersegler Apus alexandri Alexander's Swift
Cape Verde Swift
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Mauersegler Apus apus Common Swift
Eurasian Swift
Swift
w Europe and n Africa to c Siberia Apus apus apus
Iran to n China and Mongolia Apus apus pekinensis
Afrika; Morocco, Canary Islands, Madeira Einfarbsegler Apus unicolor Plain Swift
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; s Europe, Arabian Peninsula, n AF Fahlsegler Apus pallidus Pallid Swift
Madeira and Canary Is., coastal n Africa, s Europe to Turkey Apus pallidus brehmorum
nw coast of the Balkan Pen. Apus pallidus illyricus
Mauritania through Egypt and the Middle East to Pakistan Apus pallidus pallidus
Nordasien mit Europa; e Pazifiksegler Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
Pacific Swift
Siberia to Kamchatka, n China and Japan Apus pacificus pacificus
Afrika; also sw Asia and India Haussegler Apus affinis Little Swift
nw Africa to Pakistan, e Sudan to nw Somalia Apus affinis galilejensis
Mauritania to Somalia and south to e South Africa Apus affinis aerobates
Afrika; widespread Kaffernsegler Apus caffer White-rumped Swift
COLIIFORMES
Afrika; e, c, w Blaunacken-Mausvogel Urocolius macrourus Blue-naped Mousebird
Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to e Ethiopia Urocolius macrourus macrourus
Aïr Mts. (Niger) Urocolius macrourus laeneni
CORACIIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; e Iraq through Southeast Asia Bengalenracke
Hinduracke
Coracias benghalensis Indian Roller
e Arabia to ne India and Bangladesh Coracias benghalensis benghalensis
Afrika; Mauritania to Ivory Coast, east to Eritrea, Somalia and Kenya Senegalracke Coracias abyssinica
Coracias abyssinicus
Abyssinian Roller
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Blauracke Coracias garrulus European Roller
Roller
n Africa and c and s Europe to Iran and sw Siberia Coracias garrulus garrulus
Iraq to w Pakistan, the w Himalayas and c Kazakhstan Coracias garrulus semenowi
Afrika; widespread Zimtracke
Zimtroller
Eurystomus glaucurus African Broad-billed Roller
Broad-billed Roller
Cinnamon Roller
Senegal and Gambia to n DRCongo and Sudan Eurystomus glaucurus [afer Group]
Eurystomus glaucurus afer
Südasien; widespread, also Middle East Braunliest Halcyon smyrnensis Smyrna Kingfisher
White-breasted Kingfisher
White-throated Kingfisher
s Turkey to ne Egypt, Iraq to nw India Halcyon smyrnensis smyrnensis
Afrika; widespread Graukopfliest Halcyon leucocephala Gray-headed Kingfisher
Grey-headed Kingfisher
Cape Verde Is. Halcyon leucocephala acteon
s Arabian Pen. Halcyon leucocephala semicaerulea
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread, also n AF, New Guinea Eisvogel Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher
Kingfisher
River Kingfisher
s Norway, the British Isles and n Spain to w Russia Alcedo atthis ispida
s Spain and n Africa east to c Siberia, nw China and nw India Alcedo atthis atthis Common Kingfisher (Common)
Nordamerika; widespread Gürtelfischer Ceryle alcyon
Megaceryle alcyon
Belted Kingfisher
Afrika, Südasien; widespread, also Middle East Graufischer Ceryle rudis Lesser Pied Kingfisher
Pied Kingfisher
Turkey to Israel east to sw Iran Ceryle rudis syriacus
Egypt and Africa south of the Sahara Ceryle rudis rudis
Afrika; Mauritania and Senegal to e Sudan, Eritrea, Yemen and Somalia Weißkehlspint Merops albicollis White-throated Bee Eater
White-throated Bee-eater
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w AF to Arabian Peninsula to Southeast Asia Asiensmaragdspint
Smaragdspint
Merops orientalis Green Bee-eater
Little Green Bee Eater
Little Green Bee-eater
Nile Valley (Egypt) to n Sudan Merops orientalis cleopatra
s Israel, w and s Arabia Merops orientalis cyanophrys
s Iraq to nw India Merops orientalis beludschicus
w India east to Bangladesh Merops orientalis orientalis
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, nw AF Blauwangenspint Merops persicus Blue-cheeked Bee Eater
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
Egypt and the Middle East to Kazakhstan and w India Merops persicus persicus
nw Africa Merops persicus chrysocercus
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; nw Africa, sw Europe to c Asia; South Africa Bienenfresser Merops apiaster Bee-Eater
European Bee Eater
European Bee-eater
BUCEROTIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Wiedehopf Upupa epops Eurasian Hoopoe
Hoopoe
nw Africa and Europe e to sc Russia, nw China and nw India. Upupa epops epops
Egypt Upupa epops major
Senegal and Gambia to Somalia Upupa epops senegalensis
Upupa epops senegalensis/waibeli
PICIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Wendehals Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck
Northern Wryneck
Wryneck
w Europe to Bulgaria and the Caucasus area Jynx torquilla torquilla
w Siberia Jynx torquilla sarudnyi
s Europe Jynx torquilla tschusii
nw Africa Jynx torquilla mauretanica
Nordamerika; e Alaska and nw Canada to se Canada and ne USA Gelbbauch-Saftlecker Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kleinspecht Dendrocopos minor
Dryobates minor
Picoides minor
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
England and Wales Dendrocopos minor comminutus
Scandinavia and ne Poland to the Ural Mts. (Russia) Dendrocopos minor minor
Ural Mts. to the Sea of Okhotsk and n Mongolia Dendrocopos minor kamtschatkensis
c Europe Dendrocopos minor hortorum
s Europe Dendrocopos minor buturlini
c and e Greece and Turkey Dendrocopos minor danfordi
Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia) Dendrocopos minor colchicus
se Azerbaijan (sw Asia) Dendrocopos minor quadrifasciatus
sw Iran Dendrocopos minor morgani
nw Africa Dendrocopos minor ledouci
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw Mittelspecht Dendrocopos medius
Leiopicus medius
Picoides medius
Middle Spotted Woodpecker
Europe to w Russia Dendrocopos medius medius
n Turkey through the Caucasus Dendrocopos medius caucasicus
w and s Turkey Dendrocopos medius anatoliae
Zagros Mts. (sw Iran) Dendrocopos medius sanctijohannis
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Weißrückenspecht Dendrocopos leucotos
Picoides leucotos
White-backed Woodpecker
c and n Europe through central Russia to se Siberia and ne China D. leucotos [leucotos group]
Dendrocopos leucotos [leucotos group]
Dendrocopos leucotos leucotos
w Ural Mts. to Lake Baikal Dendrocopos leucotos uralensis
s Europe to the Caucasus Lilfordspecht D. leucotos lilfordi
Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi
Lilford's Woodpecker
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to s Iran Blutspecht Dendrocopos syriacus
Picoides syriacus
Syrian Woodpecker
se Europe to Turkey sw Iran Dendrocopos syriacus syriacus
Transcaucasia and n Iran Dendrocopos syriacus transcaucasicus
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Buntspecht Dendrocopos major
Picoides major
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Scandinavia and ne Poland to w Siberia Dendrocopos major [major Group]
Dendrocopos major major
Great Britain Dendrocopos major anglicus
c Europe Dendrocopos major pinetorum
Corsica Dendrocopos major parroti
Sardinia Dendrocopos major harterti
Italy, Sicily and w Slovenia Dendrocopos major italiae
Iberian Pen. Dendrocopos major hispanus
Tenerife (Canary Is.) Dendrocopos major canariensis
Gran Canaria I. (Canary Is.) Dendrocopos major canariensis/thanneri
Dendrocopos major thanneri
Great Spotted Woodpecker (Canarian)
Morocco Dendrocopos major mauritanus
Dendrocopos major numidus/mauritanus
n Algeria and Tunesia Dendrocopos major numidus
Romania and s Ukraine to Greece Dendrocopos major candidus
n Turkey Dendrocopos major paphlagoniae
Caucasus and Transcaucasia (sw Asia) Dendrocopos major tenuirostris
se Azerbaijan, n Iran and sw Turkmenistan Dendrocopos major poelzami
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Dreizehenspecht Picoides tridactylus Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
Three-toed Woodpecker
n Europe to the s Ural Mts. to se Siberia and ne China Picoides tridactylus tridactylus
c and se Europe to w Ukraine and Romania Picoides tridactylus alpinus
n Ural Mts. to e Siberia Picoides tridactylus crissoleucus
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Goldspecht
Ostgoldspecht
Colaptes auratus Common Flicker
Northern Flicker
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Schwarzspecht Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker
w Europe to Kamchatka and Japan Dryocopus martius martius
Nordasien mit Europa; w Grünspecht Picus viridis Eurasian Green Woodpecker
European Green Woodpecker
European Green-Woodpecker
Green Woodpecker
n and c Europe P. viridis [viridis group]
Picus viridis [viridis group]
Picus viridis viridis
Picus viridis viridis/karelini
se Europe to sw Turkmenistan Picus viridis karelini Eurasian Green Woodpecker (Eurasian)
Nordasien mit Europa; Iberian Pen. Iberiengrünspecht
Iberischer Grünspecht
P. viridis sharpei
Picus sharpei
Picus viridis sharpei
Eurasian Green Woodpecker (Iberian)
Iberian Green Woodpecker
Iberian Green-Woodpecker
Afrika; Morocco, Tunisia Atlasgrünspecht
Vaillantspecht
Picus vaillantii Levaillant's Green Woodpecker
Levaillant's Woodpecker
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Grauspecht Picus canus Gray-faced Woodpecker
Gray-headed Woodpecker
Grey-faced Woodpecker
Grey-headed Woodpecker
n and c Europe to w Siberia Picus canus canus
FALCONIFORMES
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe and nw Africa to n China Rötelfalke Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread Turmfalke Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel
Eurasian Kestrel
Eurasian Kestrel / Common Kestrel
Kestrel
Europe and nw Africa to Siberia F. tinnunculus [tinnunculus group]
Falco tinnunculus [tinnunculus group]
Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus
Madeira and w Canary Is. Falco tinnunculus canariensis
e Canary Is. Falco tinnunculus dacotiae Eurasian Kestrel (Eurasian)
n Cape Verde Is. Kapverdenfalke F. tinnunculus neglectus
Falco tinnunculus neglectus
Neglected Kestrel
s Cape Verde Is. Alexanderfalke F. tinnunculus alexandri
Falco tinnunculus alexandri
Alexander's Kestrel
ne Africa and Arabia Falco tinnunculus rupicolaeformis
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; widespread Buntfalke Falco sparverius American Kestrel
Alaska and Canada through the USA to w Mexico Falco sparverius sparverius
Nordasien mit Europa; c Europe to c Asia Rotfußfalke Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon
Western Red-footed Falcon
Nordasien mit Europa; e Siberia, Korea and ne China Amurfalke Falco amurensis Amur Falcon
Eastern Red-footed Falcon
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe, also n AF Eleonorenfalke Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; e Libya to sw Pakistan Schieferfalke Falco concolor Sooty Falcon
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Merlin Falco columbarius Merlin
Iceland Falco columbarius subaesalon Merlin (Eurasian)
Europe to nw Siberia Falco columbarius [aesalon Group]
Falco columbarius aesalon
nc Siberia Falco columbarius insignis
steppes of wc Asia Falco columbarius pallidus Merlin (Pallid)
Alaska to Newfoundland to n USA Falco columbarius columbarius Merlin (Taiga)
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Baumfalke Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby
Hobby
Northern Hobby
Europe to Japan to n India and c China Falco subbuteo subbuteo
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; s Europe, Arabian Peninsula, widespread AF Lannerfalke Falco biarmicus Lanner
Lanner Falcon
Italy to Turkey, Azerbaijan and nw Iran Falco biarmicus feldeggii
nw Africa Falco biarmicus erlangeri
ne Africa to Arabia, Israel and Iraq Falco biarmicus tanypterus
Nordasien mit Europa; c, s Würgfalke Falco cherrug Saker
Saker Falcon
c Europe to sc Siberia and n Kazakhstan Falco cherrug cherrug
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; arctic Europe, Asia and North America Gerfalke Falco rusticolus Gyr Falcon
Gyrfalcon
weltweit; widespread Wanderfalke Falco peregrinus Peregrine
Peregrine Falcon
Alaska to Greenland Falco peregrinus calidus/tundrius
Falco peregrinus tundrius
Peregrine Falcon (Tundra)
n Eurasia (s of tundra) F. peregrinus [peregrinus group]
Falco peregrinus [peregrinus group]
Falco peregrinus peregrinus
Lapland to ne Siberia Falco peregrinus calidus
Mediterranean region to Caucasus and n Iran Falco peregrinus brookei Peregrine Falcon (Mediterranean)
Cape Verde Is. Kapverden-Wanderfalke F. peregrinus madens
Falco peregrinus madens
Cape Verde Falcon
Peregrine Falcon (Cape Verde)
Morocco, Mauritania, Africa south of the Sahara Falco peregrinus minor Peregrine Falcon (African)
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, also n AF Wüstenfalke Falco pelegrinoides Barbary Falcon
e Iran to Mongolia and Pakistan Falco pelegrinoides babylonicus
Falco peregrinus babylonicus
Peregrine Falcon (Red-capped)
Canary Is., n Africa to Arabia and sw Iran Falco pelegrinoides pelegrinoides
PSITTACIFORMES
Südasien; India through Southeast Asia Alexandersittich
Großer Alexandersittich
Psittacula eupatria Alexandrine Parakeet
Afrika, Südasien; w, c, e AF, Pakistan to Burma Halsbandsittich Psittacula krameri Ring-necked Parakeet
Rose-ringed Parakeet
nw Pakistan to se China and c Burma Psittacula krameri borealis
s India, Sri Lanka Psittacula krameri manillensis
Afrika; Tanzania Pfirsichköpfchen Agapornis fischeri Fischer's Lovebird
Südamerika; sw Brazil and Bolivia to Paraguay and n Argentina Nandaysittich Aratinga nenday
Aratinga nendaya
Nandayus nenday
Nanday Conure
Nanday Parakeet
Südamerika; se Mönchsittich
Mönchssittich
Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet
Mittelamerika; s Mexico, Belize Gelbkopfamazone Amazona oratrix Yellow-headed Amazon
Yellow-headed Parrot
Yellow-headed Parrot / Yellow-headed Amazon
sw and s Mexico Amazona oratrix [oratrix Group]
Amazona oratrix oratrix
Yellow-headed Parrot (Mainland)
PASSERIFORMES
Nordamerika; nc Canada to sc USA, se USA and se Canada Phoebe
Weißbauch-Phoebetyrann
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe
Nordamerika; c and e USA Buchenschnäppertyrann
Buchentyrann
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher
Nordamerika; c Alaska to e canada and ne USA Erlenschnäppertyrann
Erlentyrann
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher
Nordamerika; w Canada to nc and ne USA and se canada Gartentyrann
Zwergschnäppertyrann
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Mittel- mit Südamerika; s Mexico to Uruguay Gabelschwanz-Königstyrann
Gabeltyrann
Milvulus tyrannus
Tyrannus savana
Fork-tailed Flycatcher
Nordamerika; widespread Königstyrann
Schieferrücken-Königstyrann
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Afrika; widespread, also Arabian Peninsula Senegaltschagra Tchagra senegala
Tchagra senegalus
Black-crowned Bush Shrike
Black-crowned Tchagra
Black-headed Tchagra
Morocco to w Libya Tchagra senegalus cucullatus Black-crowned Tchagra (Hooded)
Nordasien mit Europa; e Braunwürger
Rotschwanzwürger
Lanius cristatus Brown Shrike
c and e Siberia, n Mongolia Lanius cristatus cristatus Brown Shrike (Brown)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Neuntöter
Rotrückenwürger
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike
Europe to w Siberia, w Kazakhstan and w Turkey Lanius collurio collurio
se Europe to e Turkey and nw Iran Lanius collurio kobylini
Nordasien mit Europa; c Isabellwürger Lanius isabellinus Isabelline Shrike
Rufous-tailed Shrike
n China, Mongolia and s Russia Isabellwürger Unterart isabellinus L. isabellinus isabellinus
Lanius isabellinus isabellinus
Daurian Shrike
Isabelline Shrike (Daurian)
nw China Chinawürger L. isabellinus arenarius
Lanius isabellinus arenarius
Lanius isabellinus arenarius/tsaidamensis
Chinese Shrike
Südasien; c Asia to Pakistan Isabellwürger Unterart phoenicuroides
Turkestanwürger
Lanius isabellinus phoenicuroides
Lanius phoenicuroides
Red-tailed Shrike
Turkestan Shrike
Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; widespread, also Lesser Sundas and New Guinea Schachwürger Lanius schach Black-headed Shrike
Long-tailed Shrike
s Kazakhstan to ne Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and nc India Lanius schach erythronotus
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe to s Russia, south to Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan Schwarzstirnwürger Lanius minor Lesser Gray Shrike
Lesser Grey Shrike
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Raubwürger Lanius excubitor Great Gray Shrike
Great Grey Shrike
Northern Shrike
n, c and e Europe, nw Siberia L. excubitor [excubitor group]
Lanius excubitor [excubitor group]
Lanius excubitor excubitor
se Europe and sw Siberia Lanius excubitor [excubitor Group]
Lanius excubitor homeyeri
Northern Shrike (European)
c and e Siberia, n Mongolia, se Russia Lanius excubitor sibiricus Northern Shrike (Asian)
Alaska and Canada Taigaraubwürger L. excubitor [borealis group]
Lanius excubitor [borealis group]
Lanius excubitor borealis
Northern Grey Shrike
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Spain to India, n Africa Mittelmeer-Raubwürger
Raubwürger Unterart meridionalis
Lanius excubitor meridionalis
Lanius meridionalis
Southern Gray Shrike
Southern Grey Shrike
s France and Iberian Pen. Iberischer Raubwürger L. meridionalis meridionalis
Lanius meridionalis meridionalis
Iberian Grey Shrike
Canary Is. Lanius meridionalis [meridionalis Group]
Lanius meridionalis koenigi
coastal nw Africa Lanius meridionalis algeriensis
ne Mauritania and nw Mali to ne Sudan, Egypt and sw Israel Sahararaubwürger L. meridionalis [elegans group]
Lanius meridionalis [elegans group]
Lanius meridionalis elegans
Desert Grey Shrike
Southern Gray Shrike (Southern)
ec Sudan to nw Somalia nw to Iraq and Iran Levanteraubwürger L. meridionalis aucheri [lahtora group]
Lanius meridionalis aucheri
Lanius meridionalis aucheri [lahtora group]
Levant Grey Shrike
s Lebanon and n Israel Lanius meridionalis theresae
Nordasien mit Europa; s Russia and s Kazakhstan to Mongolia and n China, south to Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan Steppenraubwürger L. meridionalis pallidirostris [lahtora group]
Lanius meridionalis pallidirostris
Lanius meridionalis pallidirostris [lahtora group]
Lanius pallidirostris
Southern Gray Shrike (Steppe)
Steppe Grey Shrike
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Rotkopfwürger Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike
c and s Europe, n Africa Lanius senator senator
Iberian Pen. and nw Africa Lanius senator rutilans
w Mediterranean Is. Lanius senator badius
Cyprus and s Turkey to Iran Lanius senator niloticus
Nordasien mit Europa; e Greece and Bulgaria through s Turkey to Israel and Iran Maskenwürger Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; e Weißaugenvireo Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo
c and e USA Vireo griseus griseus White-eyed Vireo (White-eyed)
Nordamerika; sc and se Canada to sc and se USA Gelbkehlvireo Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo
Nordamerika; c and s Canada to nc and ne USA Philadelphiavireo
Schlichtvireo
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; Canada through Amazonia Rotaugenvireo Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Canada, c and e USA Vireo olivaceus olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo (Red-eyed)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Eurasia Pirol Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole
Eurasian Golden-Oriole
Golden Oriole
Südasien; widespread Graudrongo Dicrurus leucophaeus Ashy Drongo
e Afghanistan to c Himalayas Dicrurus leucophaeus longicaudatus Ashy Drongo (Blackish)
Nordasien mit Europa; n Unglückshäher Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay
Scandinavia and nw Russia Perisoreus infaustus infaustus
ne European Russia to nc Siberia Perisoreus infaustus ostjakorum
w Russia Perisoreus infaustus ruthenus
e Kazakhstan, nw China and sw Siberia Perisoreus infaustus opicus
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread, also nw Africa Eichelhäher Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay
European Jay
Jay
Ireland Garrulus glandarius [glandarius Group]
Garrulus glandarius hibernicus
Scotland, England, Wales and nw France Garrulus glandarius rufitergum Eurasian Jay (Eurasian)
n and c Europe to the Ural Mts. Garrulus glandarius glandarius
Iberian Pen. Garrulus glandarius fasciatus
Corsica Garrulus glandarius corsicanus
Sardinia Garrulus glandarius ichnusae
Italy, Sicily and the Dalmatian coast Garrulus glandarius albipectus
w Balkans including Greece Garrulus glandarius graecus
e Bulgaria and n Turkey Garrulus glandarius ferdinandi
Garrulus glandarius fernandi
Crete Garrulus glandarius cretorum
Cyprus Garrulus glandarius glaszneri
n Morocco and nw Algeria Garrulus glandarius whitakeri
c Morocco and the Atlas Mts. of n Algeria Garrulus glandarius minor Eurasian Jay (Black-crowned)
n and ne Algeria and Tunisia Garrulus glandarius [cervicalis Group]
Garrulus glandarius cervicalis
Samos (se Aegean Sea) Garrulus glandarius [atricapillus Group]
Garrulus glandarius samios
w Turkey to w Iran and n Iraq Garrulus glandarius anatoliae
Crimean Pen. (n coast of the Black Sea) Garrulus glandarius iphigenia
ne Turkey and the Caucasus Garrulus glandarius krynicki Eurasian Jay (Black-capped)
w Syria, w Jordan and Israel Garrulus glandarius atricapillus
se Azerbaijan and n Iran Garrulus glandarius hyrcanus Eurasian Jay (Iranian)
s Siberia, n Mongolia, nw and ne China, Korea and n Japan Garrulus glandarius brandtii
Nordasien mit Europa; Iberian Peninsula Blauelster Cyanopica cooki Blue-winged Magpie
Iberian Azure-winged Magpie
Iberian Magpie
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also nw Africa Elster Pica pica Common Magpie
Eurasian Magpie
Magpie
n Scandinavia and nw Russia Pica pica fennorum
British Isles and s Scandinavia to e Europe and Asia Minor P. pica pica
Pica pica pica
Iberian Pen. Pica pica melanotos Eurasian Magpie (Iberian)
nw Africa Blauohrelster P. pica mauretanica
Pica pica mauretanica
Pica pica mauritanica
Eurasian Magpie (African)
Maghreb Magpie
c Russia to Iran, n India and Mongolia Pica pica bactriana
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Tannenhäher Nucifraga caryocatactes Eurasian Nutcracker
Nutcracker
Spotted Nutcracker
Europe Nucifraga caryocatactes caryocatactes
Ural Mts. to e Siberia and ne China Nucifraga caryocatactes macrorhynchos
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also nw, ne Africa Alpenkrähe Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Chough
Red-billed Chough
British Isles Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Iberian Pen. to Switzerland and n Italy Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax erythroramphos
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax erythrorhamphos
nw Africa and Canary Is. Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax Group]
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax barbarus
se Europe to Afghanistan and Pakistan Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax docilis
Nordasien mit Europa; s, sc, also n Africa Alpendohle Pyrrhocorax graculus Alpine Chough
Yellow-billed Chough
Europe and n Africa to n Iran Pyrrhocorax graculus graculus
se Turkey to Lebanon, Iraq and sw Iran Pyrrhocorax graculus digitatus
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, sw, also n Africa Dohle Coloeus monedula
Corvus monedula
Eurasian Jackdaw
Eurasian Jackdaw / Western Jackdaw
Jackdaw
Western Jackdaw
Scandinavia Coloeus monedula monedula
Corvus monedula monedula
w and s Europe, nw Africa Coloeus monedula spermologus
Corvus monedula spermologus
e and se Europe to sc Siberia and w China Coloeus monedula soemmerringii
Corvus monedula soemmerringii
n Africa Coloeus monedula cirtensis
Corvus monedula cirtensis
Nordasien mit Europa; e, ec Elsterdohle Coloeus dauuricus
Corvus dauuricus
Daurian Jackdaw
Südasien; nw India through sw Thailand Glanzkrähe Corvus splendens House Crow
Indian House Crow
s Iran through Pakistan to nc India Corvus splendens zugmayeri
c and s India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan Corvus splendens splendens
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Saatkrähe Corvus frugilegus Rook
Europe to c Asia Corvus frugilegus frugilegus
Nordasien mit Europa; n, sw, e Aaskrähe
Rabenkrähe
Corvus corone Carrion Crow
w Europe Corvus corone corone
Nordasien mit Europa; c, s Nebelkrähe Corvus cornix
Corvus corone cornix
Hooded Crow
n and e Europe Corvus cornix cornix
Balkans to w Siberia, c Asia and n Iran Corvus cornix sharpii
Turkey and Iraq to Egypt Corvus cornix pallescens
e Iraq to sw Iran Corvus cornix capellanus
Afrika; widespread Schildrabe Corvus albus Pied Crow
Nordasien mit Europa; s Wüstenrabe Corvus ruficollis Brown-necked Raven
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kolkrabe Corvus corax Common Raven
Common Raven / Northern Raven
Northern Raven
Raven
Iceland and Faroe Is. Corvus corax varius
nw Europe through c Europe to c Siberia Corvus corax corax
Iberian Pen., Italy and Mediterranean islands Corvus corax hispanus
Greece, Cyprus and Turkey to w China and n India Corvus corax laurencei
Corvus corax subcorax
n Africa Corvus corax tingitanus
Canary Is. Corvus corax canariensis
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; e, c, w AF, sw EU Borstenrabe Corvus rhipidurus Fan-tailed Raven
Sinai Pen., Israel and Jordan through Saudi Arabia to Yemen and Oman Corvus rhipidurus stanleyi
Mali and Niger to Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya Corvus rhipidurus rhipidurus
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Seidenschwanz Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing
Waxwing
n Europe and n Asia Bombycilla garrulus garrulus
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; Canada to Venezuela and Colombia Zedernseidenschwanz Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Nordasien mit Europa; s, sw Seidenwürger Hypocolius ampelinus Gray Hypocolius
Grey Hypocolius
Hypocolius
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Tannenmeise Parus ater
Periparus ater
Coal Tit
Great Britain and ne Ireland Periparus ater britannicus
Ireland (except ne) Periparus ater britannicus/hibernicus
Periparus ater hibernicus
Coal Tit (British)
Scandinavia and ne Europe through Siberia to Kamchatka, n Japan, Korea, ne China and ne Mongolia Periparus ater ater
continental w, c, se Europe and Asia Minor Periparus ater abietum
Iberian Pen. Periparus ater [ater Group]
Periparus ater vieirae
Corsica and Sardinia Periparus ater sardus Coal Tit (Continental)
Morocco Periparus ater atlas Coal Tit (Atlas)
n Algeria and n Tunisia Periparus ater ledouci
Periparus ater ledouci/atlas
Cyprus Periparus ater cypriotes Coal Tit (Cyprus)
s Crimean Pen. Periparus ater [phaeonotus Group]
Periparus ater moltchanovi
Caucasus (except sw) and c and e Transcaucasia Periparus ater michalowskii
ne Turkey to sw Caucasus Periparus ater derjugini
se Azerbaijan and n Iran Periparus ater gaddi
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe Haubenmeise Lophophanes cristatus
Parus cristatus
Crested Tit
Crested Tit / European Crested-Tit
European Crested Tit
nc Scotland Lophophanes cristatus scoticus
w France Lophophanes cristatus abadiei
w and s Iberian Pen. Lophophanes cristatus weigoldi
n and e Europe to the Carpathian Mts. Lophophanes cristatus cristatus
sw and c Ural M ts. Lophophanes cristatus baschkirikus
c Europe to ne Spain, the Alps and n Balkans Lophophanes cristatus mitratus
Albania to Bulgaria and Greece Lophophanes cristatus bureschi
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Balkanmeise
Trauermeise
Parus lugubris
Poecile lugubris
Sombre Tit
Balkan Pen. to n Greece Poecile lugubris lugubris
c and s Greece Poecile lugubris lugens
Asia Minor s to n Israel Poecile lugubris anatoliae
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Sumpfmeise Parus palustris
Poecile palustris
Marsh Tit
Wales, c and s England and w France Poecile palustris dresseri
Scandinavia to n Iberian Pen. east to Poland, the Balkans and Greece Poecile palustris palustris
French Alps, Italy and Sicily Poecile palustris italicus
e Europe to the s Urals and nw Turkey Poecile palustris stagnatilis
Caucasus area and ne Turkey Poecile palustris kabardensis
Nordasien mit Europa; se Azerbaijan and n Iran Irantrauermeise Poecile hyrcanus Caspian Tit
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Weidenmeise Parus montanus
Poecile montanus
Willow Tit
Britain Poecile montanus kleinschmidti Willow Tit (Willow)
nw France to w Germany, n Switzerland and n Italy Poecile montanus rhenanus
se France to Romania, Bulgaria and Greece Poecile montanus montanus
Poecilie montanus [montanus Group]
Germany and w Poland to ne Switzerland and Austria Poecile montanus salicarius
Scandinavia s to Ukraine Poecile montanus borealis
se European Russia, w Siberia and Kazahkstan Poecile montanus uralensis
Nordasien mit Europa; n, also nw NA Lapplandmeise Parus cinctus
Poecile cinctus
Gray-headed Chickadee
Grey-headed Chickadee
Siberian Tit
Scandanavia to n European Russia Poecile cinctus lapponicus
ne European Russia through Siberia to Kamchatka and nc Mongolia Poecile cinctus cinctus
Afrika; n, Canary Islands Afrik. Blaumeise
Afrikanische Blaumeise
Kanarenmeise
Cyanistes teneriffae
Parus teneriffae
African Blue Tit
African Blue-Tit
Canary Blue Tit
Morocco to n Tunisia Ultramarinmeise C. teneriffae [ultramarinus group]
Cyanistes teneriffae [ultramarinus group]
Cyanistes teneriffae ultramarinus
Ultramarine Tit
ne Libya Cyanistes teneriffae cyrenaicae
Fuerteventura and Lanzarote Is. (e Canary Is.) Fuerteventura-Blaumeise C. teneriffae degener
Cyanistes teneriffae degener
Fuerteventura Blue Tit
Hierro I. (sw Canary Is.) Hierroblaumeise C. teneriffae ombriosus
Cyanistes teneriffae ombriosus
Hierro Blue Tit
Palma I. (w Canary Is.) Palmablaumeise C. teneriffae palmensis
Cyanistes teneriffae palmensis
Palma Blue Tit
La Gomera and Tenerife Is. (c Canary Is.) Teneriffablaumeise C. teneriffae teneriffae
Cyanistes teneriffae teneriffae
Tenerife Blue Tit
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Blaumeise Cyanistes caeruleus
Parus caeruleus
Blue Tit
Common Blue Tit
Eurasian Blue Tit
Eurasian Blue-Tit
British Isles Cyanistes caeruleus obscurus
n, c and e Europe to w and n Asia Minor Cyanistes caeruleus caeruleus
Mallorca Cyanistes caeruleus balearicus
Iberian Pen., Corsica and Sardinia Cyanistes caeruleus ogilastrae
Cyanistes caeruleus ogliastrae
s Greece, Cyclades, Crete and Rhodes Cyanistes caeruleus calamensis
se European Russia Cyanistes caeruleus orientalis
Crimean Pen., Caucasus, e Turkey and nw Iran Cyanistes caeruleus satunini
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Lasurmeise Cyanistes cyanus
Parus cyanus
Azure Tit
Belarus, w and c European Russia to c Ural Mts. Cyanistes cyanus [cyanus Group]
Cyanistes cyanus cyanus
sw Ural Mts., sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan Cyanistes cyanus hyperrhiphaeus
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Eurasia, n Africa Kohlmeise Parus major Great Tit
British Isles Parus major newtoni
mainland Europe to w and sc Siberia, the Caucasus and Asia Minor Parus major major
Portugal, s Spain and Corsica Parus major corsus
Balearic Is. Parus major mallorcae
nw Africa Parus major excelsus
Sardinia Parus major ecki
s Italy, s Greece, the Aegean Is. and Cyprus Parus major aphrodite
Crete Parus major niethammeri
Syria to ne Egypt Parus major terraesanctae
se Azerbaijan and nw Iran Parus major karelini
n Iraq, nc and sw Iran Parus major blanfordi
Nordasien mit Europa; w, n, sc Beutelmeise Remiz pendulinus Eurasian Penduline Tit
Eurasian Penduline-Tit
Eurasian Penduline-tit
European Penduline Tit
Penduline Tit
Europe to the Ural Mts., Caucasus and w Turkey Remiz pendulinus pendulinus
s and e Turkey and Syria to Armenia and nw Iran Remiz pendulinus menzbieri
sw Russia and nw Kazakhstan Remiz pendulinus caspius
e Ural Mts. to w Siberia and n Kazakhstan Remiz pendulinus jaxarticus
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia Schwarzkopf-Beutelmeise Remiz macronyx Black-headed Penduline Tit
Black-headed Penduline-Tit
Black-headed Penduline-tit
se Azerbaijan and nw Iran Remiz macronyx altaicus
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Kronenbeutelmeise Remiz coronatus White-crowned Penduline Tit
White-crowned Penduline-Tit
White-crowned Penduline-tit
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Bartmeise Panurus biarmicus Bearded Parrotbill
Bearded Reedling
Bearded Tit
w, c and s Europe to sw Russia, the Balkans and w Turkey Panurus biarmicus biarmicus
sc Turkey Panurus biarmicus kosswigi
ec and e Europe through s Russia to ne China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and c Turkey Panurus biarmicus russicus
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Morocco to Pakistan Wüstenläuferlerche Alaemon alaudipes Greater Hoopoe-Lark
Greater Hoopoe-lark
Hoopoe Lark
Cape Verde Is. Alaemon alaudipes boavistae Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Cape Verde)
n Africa from s Morocco and Mauritania to the Sinai Alaemon alaudipes alaudipes
e Arabia to Iraq, Iran and nw India Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes Group]
Alaemon alaudipes doriae
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Mainland)
Afrika; nw, also c Arabian Peninsula Knackerlerche Ramphocoris clotbey
Rhamphocoris clotbey
Thick-billed Lark
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Morocco to w India Steinlerche Ammomanes deserti Desert Lark
s Morocco, sw Algeria Ammomanes deserti payni
n Algeria, Tunisia, nw Libya and nw Chad Ammomanes deserti algeriensis
se Algeria and sw Libya Ammomanes deserti whitakeri
c Algeria Ammomanes deserti mya
Mauritania to s Algeria and nw Niger Ammomanes deserti geyri
e Egypt to n Sudan Ammomanes deserti deserti
n Egypt to c Arabia and sw Iraq Ammomanes deserti isabellina
Jordan and s Syria Ammomanes deserti annae
s Turkey, Syria and n Iraq Ammomanes deserti coxi
e Iraq and w Iran Ammomanes deserti cheesmani
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Morocco to Pakistan Sandlerche Ammomanes cinctura
Ammomanes cincturus
Bar-tailed Desert Lark
Bar-tailed Lark
Cape Verde Is. Ammomanes cinctura cinctura
North African deserts to the Sinai Pen. and w Arabia Ammomanes cinctura arenicolor
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; Mauritania to nw India Weißstirnlerche Eremopterix nigriceps Black-crowned Finch Lark
Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark
Black-crowned Sparrow-lark
Cape Verde Is. Eremopterix nigriceps nigriceps
Mauritania and Senegal to Sudan Eremopterix nigriceps albifrons
e Sudan to Somalia, Arabia, s Iraq and s Iran Eremopterix nigriceps melanauchen
Afrika; e, ne Harlekinlerche Eremopterix signata
Eremopterix signatus
Chestnut-headed Sparrow Lark
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-Lark
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark
Nordasien mit Europa; w, also n Africa Heidelerche Lullula arborea Wood Lark
Woodlark
n, w and c Europe to w Russia and Ukraine Lullula arborea arborea
s Europe and nw Africa through the Middle East to Iran and Turkmenistan Lullula arborea pallida
Nordasien mit Europa; c Weißflügellerche Alauda leucoptera
Melanocorypha leucoptera
White-winged Lark
Afrika; Cape Verde Islands Rasolerche
Razolerche
Alauda razae Raso Lark
Raza Island Lark
Razo Lark
Razo Skylark
Südasien; widespread, also c Asia Kleine Feldlerche
Orientfeldlerche
Alauda gulgula Oriental Lark
Oriental Sky Lark
Oriental Skylark
s Kazakhstan to e Iran, Pakistan and nw India Alauda gulgula inconspicua
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Feldlerche Alauda arvensis Eurasian Sky Lark
Eurasian Skylark
Sky Lark
Sky Lark / Eurasian Skylark
Skylark
n, w and c Europe Alauda arvensis arvensis
Portugal, c and s Spain Alauda arvensis [arvensis Group]
Alauda arvensis sierrae
nw Africa Alauda arvensis harterti Sky Lark (European)
s Europe from ne Spain to Turkey and the Caucasus Alauda arvensis cantarella
se Turkey to Iran Alauda arvensis armenica
se European Russia and w Siberia to nw China and sw Mongolia Alauda arvensis [japonica Group]
Alauda arvensis dulcivox
Afrika; n, e, also Spain and Portugal Theklalerche Galerida theklae Thekla Lark
Portugal, Spain, Balearic Is. and extreme s France Galerida theklae theklae
n Morocco Galerida theklae erlangeri
c and ne Morocco, n Algeria and n Tunesia Galerida theklae ruficolor
sw Morocco and Mauritania Galerida theklae theresae
e Morocco, n Algeria and e Tunisia Galerida theklae superflua
e Morocco through the n Sahara to nw Egypt Galerida theklae carolinae
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; widespread Haubenlerche Galerida cristata Crested Lark
Iberian Pen. Galerida cristata pallida
s Scandinavia and France e to Ukraine and Hungary G. cristata [cristata group]
Galerida cristata [cristata group]
Galerida cristata cristata
Crested Lark (Crested)
wc Italy Galerida cristata [cristata Group]
Galerida cristata neumanni
s Italy and Sicily Galerida cristata apuliae
e Croatia to c Greece and w Turkey Galerida cristata meridionalis
Rhodes, Karpathos and Cyprus Galerida cristata cypriaca
e Hungary and Romania to s Russia and Kazakhstan Galerida cristata tenuirostris
e Aegean islands, n Turkey and s Caucasus Galerida cristata caucasica
nw Morocco Galerida cristata kleinschmidti
w Morocco Galerida cristata riggenbachi
ne Morocco to n Tunesia Galerida cristata carthaginis
ne Algeria, s Tunesia and nw Libya Galerida cristata arenicola
coastal ne Libya Galerida cristata festae
inland ne Libya to s Iraq and n Arabia Galerida cristata brachyura
se Algeria and sw Libya Galerida cristata helenae
Air Mts. (n Niger) Galerida cristata jordansi
Nile Delta (n Egypt) Galerida cristata nigricans
c Egypt Galerida cristata maculata
s Egypt and n Sudan Galerida cristata halfae
coastal Mauritania Galerida cristata balsaci
Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to Niger Galerida cristata senegallensis
w Lebanon and nw Israel Galerida cristata cinnamomina
s Turkey to ne Israel Galerida cristata zion
c Turkey to sw Turkmenistan and n Iran Galerida cristata subtaurica
Kazakhstan to s Mongolia and nw China Galerida cristata magna
Afrika; e Morocco to n Algeria; Maghreb Desert Maghreblerche G. cristata randonii
Galerida cristata randonii
Galerida macrorhyncha
Maghreb Lark
e Morocco and nw Algeria Galerida cristata randoni
Galerida macrorhyncha randoni
Crested Lark (Maghreb)
s Morocco and w Algeria to wc Mauritania Galerida cristata macrorhyncha
Galerida cristata macrorhyncha/randoni
Galerida macrorhyncha macrorhyncha
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Ohrenlerche Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark
e Canada Amerik. Ohrenlerche
Amerikanische Ohrenlerche
E. alpestris [alpestris group]
Eremophila alpestris [alpestris group]
Eremophila alpestris alpestris
American Horned Lark
n Europe and n Asia E. alpestris flava
Eremophila alpestris flava
Horned Lark (Shore)
Shore Lark
se European Russia to w Mongolia and n China Mongolenohrenlerche E. alpestris [brandti group]
Eremophila alpestris [brandti group]
Eremophila alpestris brandti
Horned Lark (Brandt's)
Mongolian Horned Lark
Morocco Atlasohrenlerche E. alpestris atlas
Eremophila alpestris atlas
Atlas Horned Lark
Horned Lark (Atlas)
s Balkans and Greece Eremophila alpestris [penicillata Group]
Eremophila alpestris balcanica
w and c Asia Minor Eremophila alpestris kumerloevei Horned Lark (Black-necklaced)
e Turkey and the Caucasus to Iran Kaukasusohrenlerche E. alpestris [penicillata group]
Eremophila alpestris [penicillata group]
Eremophila alpestris penicillata
Caucasian Horned Lark
Lebanon to Israel/Syria border Eremophila alpestris bicornis
Afrika; n, also Arabian Peninsula Saharaohrenlerche Eremophila bilopha Temminck's Horned Lark
Temminck's Lark
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Tibetlerche Calandrella acutirostris Hume's Lark
Hume's Short-toed Lark
ne Iran and e Kazakhstan to w China Calandrella acutirostris acutirostris
Nordasien mit Europa; c, s Kurzzehenlerche Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark
Short-toed Lark
s Europe and Mediterranean islands, nw Africa? Calandrella brachydactyla brachydactyla
Hungary and n Serbia Calandrella brachydactyla hungarica
n Africa Calandrella brachydactyla rubiginosa
s Turkey and Syria to ne Egypt Calandrella brachydactyla hermonensis
s Turkey and nw Syria Calandrella brachydactyla woltersi
c Turkey and Transcaucasia to nw Iran Calandrella brachydactyla artemisiana
Ukraine and s Russia to sc Siberia and s Mongolia Calandrella brachydactyla longipennis
w and c China Calandrella brachydactyla dukhunensis
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Bergkalanderlerche Melanocorypha bimaculata Bimaculated Lark
e Turkey, Transcaucasia and n Iran Melanocorypha bimaculata bimaculata
c and s Turkey, w Syria and Lebanon, Iraq? Melanocorypha bimaculata rufescens
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, also n Africa Kalanderlerche Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark
s Europe and nw Africa to Turkey (except sc and se), Transcaucasia and nw Iran. Melanocorypha calandra calandra
n Iraq and n Iran to Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan Melanocorypha calandra psammochroa
e Syria and se Turkey to sw Iran Melanocorypha calandra gaza
sc Turkey and nw Syria to Israel and w Jordan Melanocorypha calandra hebraica
Nordasien mit Europa; c Mohrenlerche Melanocorypha yeltoniensis Black Lark
Afrika; n, also Spain Dupontlerche Chersophilus duponti DuPont's Lark
Dupont's Lark
s Spain, n Morocco, N Algeria and n Tunisia Chersophilus duponti duponti
c Algeria to w Egypt Chersophilus duponti margaritae
Afrika; c, w, also c Arabian Peninsula Einödlerche Eremalauda dunni Dunn's Lark
Mauritania to c Sudan Eremalauda dunni dunni
Syria to Jordan and through Saudi Arabia to Oman Eremalauda dunni eremodites
Nordasien mit Europa; sc to e Salzlerche Alaudala cheleensis
C. rufescens [cheleensis group]
Calandrella cheleensis
Calandrella rufescens [cheleensis group]
Asian Short-toed Lark
Asiatic Short-toed Lark
Mongolian Short-toed Lark
c Turkey Alaudala cheleensis niethammeri
Calandrella rufescens [cheleensis Group]
Calandrella rufescens niethammeri
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Asian)
e and s Iraq to s and sw Afghanistan Alaudala cheleensis persica
Calandrella rufescens persica
Nordasien mit Europa; s, also n Africa Stummellerche Alaudala rufescens
Calandrella rufescens
Lesser Short-toed Lark
Tenerife I. (wc Canary Is.) Alaudala rufescens rufescens
C. rufescens [rufescens group]
Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]
Calandrella rufescens [rufescens group]
Calandrella rufescens rufescens
e Canary Is. Alaudala rufescens polatzeki
Calandrella rufescens polatzeki
s Iberian Pen. Alaudala rufescens apetzii
Calandrella rufescens apetzii
Morroco to nw Egypt, s Turkey to the Sinai Pen.and e Iraq Alaudala rufescens minor
Calandrella rufescens minor
Nile Delta (n Egypt) Alaudala rufescens nicolli
Calandrella rufescens nicolli
e Turkey, Transcaucasia and n Iran Alaudala rufescens pseudobaetica
Calandrella rufescens pseudobaetica
Ukraine to e Kazakhstan Alaudala rufescens heinei
Calandrella rufescens heinei
e Burma, s China and n Indochina Pycnonotus striatus paulus
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Weißohrbülbül Pycnonotus leucotis White-eared Bulbul
ne Arabia, s Iraq and sw Iran Pycnonotus leucotis mesopotamia
Pycnonotus leucotis mesopotamiae
s Iran, s Afghanistan, Pakistan and nw India Pycnonotus leucotis leucotis
Südasien; Himalayas, India, Burma Rußbülbül Pycnonotus cafer Red-vented Bulbul
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Gelbsteißbülbül Pycnonotus xanthopygos White-eyed Bulbul
White-spectacled Bulbul
Afrika; ne, n, w, c Graubülbül Pycnonotus barbatus Common Bulbul
Garden Bulbul
Morocco to Tunesia Pycnonotus barbatus barbatus
e Chad, n and c Sudan and e Egypt Pycnonotus barbatus [barbatus Group]
Pycnonotus barbatus arsinoe
Common Bulbul (Common)
Afrika; Widespread Braunkehl-Uferschwalbe Riparia paludicola Brown Throated Sand Martin
Brown-throated Martin
Brown-throated Sand Martin
Plain Martin
w Morocco Riparia paludicola [paludicola Group]
Riparia paludicola mauritanica
weltweit; widespread Uferschwalbe Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Bank Swallow / Sand Martin
Collared Sand Martin
Sand Martin
North America, Europe to c Asia Riparia riparia riparia
Egypt Riparia riparia shelleyi
sw Asia? Riparia riparia eilata
Afrika; widespread Weißbrauen-Uferschwalbe Phedina cincta
Riparia cincta
Banded Martin
Ethiopia Riparia cincta erlangeri
Nordamerika; widespread Sumpfschwalbe Tachycineta bicolor American Tree Swallow
Tree Swallow
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Purpurschwalbe Progne subis Purple Martin
s Canada, e USA and e Mexico Progne subis subis
weltweit; widespread Rauchschwalbe Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Swallow
Europe, w and c Asia and n Africa Hirundo rustica rustica Barn Swallow (White-bellied)
Lebanon, Syria, Israel and Jordan Hirundo rustica transitiva Barn Swallow (Levant)
Egypt Hirundo rustica savignii Barn Swallow (Egyptian)
Alaska, Canada and the USA to s Mexico Hirundo rustica erythrogaster Barn Swallow (American)
Afrika; ne, c Fahlkehlschwalbe Hirundo aethiopica Ethiopian Swallow
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, s Felsenschwalbe Hirundo rupestris
Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Crag Martin
Eurasian Crag Martin
Eurasian Crag-Martin
Eurasian Crag-martin
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, also n Africa Wüstenschwalbe Hirundo obsoleta
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta
Pale Crag Martin
Pale Crag-Martin
Pale Crag-martin
s Algeria, sw Libya and n Chad Ptyonoprogne fuligula spatzi
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta spatzi
s Morocco, n Mauritania and nc Algeria Ptyonoprogne fuligula presaharica
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta presaharica
Egypt to Turkey and Iran Ptyonoprogne fuligula [obsoleta Group]
Ptyonoprogne fuligula obsoleta
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta obsoleta
n Chad to n Sudan, sw Arabia, n Somalia and Socotra Ptyonoprogne fuligula arabica
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta arabica
ne Saudi Arabia and s Iraq Ptyonoprogne fuligula perpallida
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta perpallida
Afrika; widespread Steinschwalbe Hirundo fuligula
Ptyonoprogne fuligula
African Rock Martin
Rock Martin
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Mehlschwalbe Delichon urbica
Delichon urbicum
Common House Martin
Common House-Martin
House Martin
Northern House Martin
Northern House-Martin
Northern House-martin
w, c and n Europe to w Siberia Delichon urbicum urbicum
n Africa and s Europe to sc Asia Delichon urbicum meridionale
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Afrika; widespread Rötelschwalbe Cecropis daurica
Hirundo daurica
Red-rumped Swallow
ne Kazakhstan and Mongolia to sc China Cecropis daurica daurica
se Siberia, Korea and Japan to s China Cecropis daurica japonica
s Europe and n Africa east to Iran, Pakistan and nw India Cecropis daurica rufula
Südasien; ne Afghanistan, Pakistan, India Braunscheitelschwalbe Hirundo fluvicola
Petrochelidon fluvicola
Indian Cliff Swallow
Streak-throated Swallow
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Fahlstirnschwalbe Hirundo pyrrhonota
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
American Cliff Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Cliff Swallow / American Cliff-Swallow
c Alaska, c and e Canada and w to ec USA Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pyrrhonota
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc, also n Africa Seidensänger Cettia cetti Cetti's Warbler
w Europe to Greece and the Balkans, nw Africa Cettia cetti cetti
Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan Cettia cetti orientalis
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to nw China and n Afghanistan Cettia cetti albiventris
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, also n Africa Wüstenprinie Scotocerca inquieta African Scrub-Warbler
Scrub Warbler
Streaked Scrub Warbler
Streaked Scrub-warbler
Mauritania, sw and c Morocco Scotocerca inquieta theresae
e Morocco to Libya Scotocerca inquieta saharae
ne Libya to nw Arabia Scotocerca inquieta inquieta
sc Iraq, s Iran, s Afghanistan and Pakistan Scotocerca inquieta striata
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Schwanzmeise Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit
n and e Europe to e Siberia, Japan and Korea Aegithalos caudatus caudatus Long-tailed Tit (caudatus)
British Isles Aegithalos caudatus rosaceus
ne France and Germany to n Italy and Turkey Aegithalos caudatus europaeus
w France Aegithalos caudatus aremoricus
sw and s France to c Spain and Portugal Aegithalos caudatus [europaeus Group]
Aegithalos caudatus taiti
Long-tailed Tit (europaeus)
s Spain and Portugal, Corsica Aegithalos caudatus irbii
c and s Italy, sw Slovenia Aegithalos caudatus italiae Long-tailed Tit (alpinus)
Sicily Aegithalos caudatus siculus
Albania and Greece to Bulgaria and nw Turkey Aegithalos caudatus macedonicus
e Greece to c Turkey, n Iraq and Syria Aegithalos caudatus tephronotus
Crimean Pen. Aegithalos caudatus tauricus
ne Turkey and the Caucasus Aegithalos caudatus major
se Azerbaijan, n Iran and sw Turkmenistan Aegithalos caudatus [alpinus Group]
Aegithalos caudatus alpinus
se Turkey and sw Iran Aegithalos caudatus passekii
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Fitis Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler
s Sweden, w and c Europe Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus
Scandinavia (except s Sweden) to e Europe and w Siberia Phylloscopus trochilus acredula
c and e Siberia Phylloscopus trochilus yakutensis
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Zilpzalp Phylloscopus collybita
Phylloscopus collybitus
Chiff-chaff
Chiffchaff
Common Chiffchaff
Scandinavia and nw Russia to the Black Sea and n Iran Phylloscopus collybita abietinus Common Chiffchaff (Scandinavian)
w, c and se Europe P. collybita [collybita group]
Phylloscopus collybita [collybita group]
Phylloscopus collybita collybita
Common Chiffchaff (collybita)
nw and n Turkey Phylloscopus collybita brevirostris
Caucasus to n Iran Phylloscopus collybita caucasicus
e Russia and n Kazakhstan to s Siberia and n Mongolia Sibirischer Zilpzalp
Taigazilpzalp
P. collybita tristis
Phylloscopus collybita tristis
Common Chiffchaff (Siberian)
Siberian Chiffchaff
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe, also nw Africa Iberienzilpzalp
Iberischer Zilpzalp
Phylloscopus brehmii
Phylloscopus ibericus
Iberian Chiffchaff
sw France, n Portugal and n Spain Phylloscopus ibericus biscayensis
c and s Portugal, sw Spain and nw Africa Phylloscopus ibericus ibericus
Afrika; Canary Islands Kanarenzilpzalp Phylloscopus canariensis
Phylloscopus collybita canariensis
Canarian Chiffchaff
Canary Chiffchaff
Canary Islands Chiffchaff
w and c Canary Is. Phylloscopus canariensis canariensis
Lanzarote I. (ne Canary I.) Phylloscopus canariensis exsul
Nordasien mit Europa; Turkey to Himalayas Bergzilpzalp Phylloscopus sindianus Eastern Chiff-chaff
Mountain Chiffchaff
Caucasus, ne Turkey and nw Iran Kaukasuszilpzalp Phylloscopus collybita lorenzii
Phylloscopus lorenzii
Phylloscopus sindianus lorenzii
Caucasian Chiffchaff
Caucasian Mountain Chiffchaff
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Eichenlaubsänger Phylloscopus neglectus Plain Leaf Warbler
Plain Leaf-Warbler
Plain Leaf-warbler
Plain Willow Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Berglaubsänger Phylloscopus bonelli Bonelli's Warbler
Western Bonelli's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Balkanlaubsänger
Östlicher Berglaubsänger
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; w Waldlaubsänger Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; ne Asia, nc China Dunkellaubsänger Phylloscopus fuscatus Dusky Warbler
c and e Siberia to ne China and n Mongolia Phylloscopus fuscatus fuscatus
Nordasien mit Europa; ne Bartlaubsänger Phylloscopus schwarzi Radde's Bush Warbler
Radde's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; e Goldhähnchen-Laubsänger Phylloscopus proregulus Pallas' Leaf Warbler
Pallas' Warbler
Pallas's Leaf Warbler
Pallas's Leaf-Warbler
Pallas's Leaf-warbler
Pallas's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; nc, ne Gelbbrauen-Laubsänger Phylloscopus inornatus Inornate Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, c China Tienschan-Laubsänger
Tienshanlaubsänger
Phylloscopus humei Hume's Leaf Warbler
Hume's Leaf-Warbler
Hume's Leaf-warbler
Hume's Warbler
sc Russia and e Kazakhstan to nw China and c Nepal Phylloscopus humei humei
Nordasien mit Europa; n, also w Alaska Wanderlaubsänger Phylloscopus borealis
Seicercus borealis
Arctic Warbler
n Europe to n Siberia and ne China Phylloscopus borealis borealis
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Wacholderlaubsänger Phylloscopus nitidus
Phylloscopus trochiloides nitidus
Seicercus nitidus
Green Leaf-warbler
Green Warbler
Green Willow Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Grünlaubsänger Phylloscopus trochiloides
Seicercus trochiloides
Greenish Warbler
e Europe to c Siberia and nw China Phylloscopus trochiloides viridanus
Nordasien mit Europa; e Middendorff-Laubsänger
Middendorfflaubsänger
Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus
Phylloscopus trochiloides plumbeitarsus
Seicercus plumbeitarsus
Two-barred Greenish Warbler
Two-barred Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; e Ussurilaubsänger Phylloscopus tenellipes
Seicercus tenellipes
Pale-legged Leaf Warbler
Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler
Pale-legged Leaf-warbler
Pale-legged Willow Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; Japan Portenkolaubsänger Phylloscopus borealoides
Seicercus borealoides
Japanese Pale-legged Willow Warbler
Sakhalin Leaf Warbler
Sakhalin Leaf-Warbler
Sakhalin Leaf-warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; e Kronenlaubsänger Phylloscopus coronatus
Seicercus coronatus
Eastern Crowned Leaf Warbler
Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler
Eastern Crowned Leaf-warbler
Eastern Crowned Warbler
Eastern Crowned-Warbler
Temminck's Crowned Willow Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; s Iraq Basrarohrsänger Acrocephalus griseldis Basra Reed Warbler
Basra Reed-Warbler
Basra Reed-warbler
Afrika; Cape Verde Islands Dornrohrsänger
Kapverden-Rohrsänger
Kapverdenrohrsänger
Acrocephalus brevipennis Cape Verde Cane Warbler
Cape Verde Swamp Warbler
Cape Verde Swamp-Warbler
Cape Verde Swamp-Warbler / Cape Verde Warbler
Cape Verde Swamp-warbler
Cape Verde Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Drosselrohrsänger Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed Warbler
Great Reed-Warbler
Great Reed-warbler
Europe to n Iran and nw Arabia Acrocephalus arundinaceus arundinaceus
se European Russia and n Iran to nw Mongolia and nw China Acrocephalus arundinaceus zarudnyi
Nordasien mit Europa; e Chinarohrsänger Acrocephalus orientalis Eastern Great Reed Warbler
Oriental Reed Warbler
Oriental Reed-Warbler
Oriental Reed-warbler
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread, also New Guinea Stentorrohrsänger Acrocephalus stentoreus Clamorous Reed Warbler
Clamorous Reed-Warbler
Clamorous Reed-warbler
Egypt Acrocephalus stentoreus stentoreus
Acrocephalus stentoreus stentoreus/levantinus
Clamorous Reed-Warbler (Clamorous)
Israel, Jordan, Syria and nw Arabia Acrocephalus stentoreus levantinus
Red Sea region to Kazakhstan and n India Acrocephalus stentoreus brunnescens Clamorous Reed-Warbler (Brown)
Nordasien mit Europa; s Mariskenrohrsänger
Mariskensänger
Acrocephalus melanopogon
Calamodus melanopogon
Moustached Warbler
s Europe to Ukraine and w Turkey, nw Africa Acrocephalus melanopogon melanopogon
e Turkey to s Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran and Iraq Acrocephalus melanopogon mimicus
se Ukraine and sw Russia Acrocephalus melanopogon albiventris
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Europe Seggenrohrsänger Acrocephalus paludicola
Calamodus paludicola
Aquatic Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Schilfrohrsänger Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Calamodus schoenobaenus
Sedge Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; c Feldrohrsänger Acrocephalus agricola
Notiocichla agricola
Paddyfield Warbler
Kazakhstan and ne Iran through c Asia to Mongolia and wc China Acrocephalus agricola agricola
e Europe to Ukraine and w Kazakhstan Acrocephalus agricola septimus
Nordasien mit Europa; c Buschrohrsänger Acrocephalus dumetorum
Notiocichla dumetorum
Blyth's Reed Warbler
Blyth's Reed-Warbler
Blyth's Reed-warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; Europe and nw Africa to c Asia; Arabian Peninsula, ne Africa (includes ssp fuscus, avicenniae) Teichrohrsänger Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Notiocichla scirpacea
Eurasian Reed Warbler
Eurasian Reed-Warbler
Eurasian Reed-warbler
Reed Warbler
Europe to w Russia, Ukraine and w Turkey, nw Africa Teichrohrsänger Unterart scirpaceus A. scirpaceus scirpaceus
Acrocephalus scirpaceus scirpaceus
Eurasian Reed-Warbler (Eurasian)
European Reed Warbler
Egypt through the Middle East to se European Russia, e Kazakhstan and Iran Kaspirohrsänger
Teichrohrsänger Unterart fuscus
A. scirpaceus fuscus
Acrocephalus fuscus
Acrocephalus scirpaceus fuscus
Caspian Reed Warbler
Eurasian Reed-Warbler (Caspian)
coasts of the Red Sea Mangroverohrsänger A. baeticatus avicenniae
Acrocephalus baeticatus avicenniae
Acrocephalus scirpaceus avicenniae
African Reed-Warbler (Mangrove)
Mangrove Reed Warbler
Afrika; widespread Gartenrohrsänger Acrocephalus baeticatus
Notiocichla baeticata
African Reed Warbler
African Reed-Warbler
African Reed-warbler
s Senegal to w Ethiopia and s Somalia south to Zambia and Mozambique Zimtrohrsänger A. baeticatus cinnamomeus
Acrocephalus baeticatus cinnamomeus
Cinnamon Reed Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; w Sumpfrohrsänger Acrocephalus palustris
Notiocichla palustris
Marsh Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; nc, ne Dickschnabel-Rohrsänger Acrocephalus aedon
Iduna aedon
Thick-billed Warbler
sc Siberia and nw Mongolia Iduna aedon aedon
Nordasien mit Europa; wc Buschspötter Acrocephalus caligatus
Hippolais caligata
Iduna caligata
Booted Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Buschspötter Unterart rama
Steppenspötter
Steppenstöpper
Acrocephalus rama
Hippolais caligata rama
Hippolais rama
Iduna rama
Syke's Booted Warbler
Syke's Warbler
Sykes's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Blass-Spötter
Blassspötter
Blaßspötter
Acrocephalus pallidus
Hippolais pallida
Iduna pallida
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler
Olivaceous Warbler
Olivaceous Warbler / Eastern Olivaceous-Warbler
se Europe through the Middle East to Kazakhstan and Iran Iduna pallida elaeica
se Morocco and Mauritania to Libya Iduna pallida reiseri
Egypt Iduna pallida pallida
n Somalia Iduna pallida alulensis
Niger to c Sudan Iduna pallida laeneni
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe, also nw Africa Isabellspötter Hippolais opaca
Iduna opaca
Isabelline Warbler
Isabelline Warbler / Western Olivaceous-Warbler
Western Olivaceous Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Dornspötter Hippolais languida Upcher's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Olivenspötter Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe, also nw Africa Orpheusspötter Hippolais polyglotta Melodious Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; w Gelbspötter Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Feldschwirl Locustella naevia Common Grasshopper Warbler
Common Grasshopper-Warbler
Common Grasshopper-warbler
Grasshopper Warbler
Western Grasshopper-warbler
Europe to w European Russia and Ukraine Locustella naevia naevia
e European Russia to sw Siberia, e Kazakhstan and nw China Locustella naevia straminea
e Turkey and the Caucasus Locustella naevia obscurior
Nordasien mit Europa; c Schlagschwirl Locustella fluviatilis Eurasian River Warbler
River Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, sw, also nw Africa Rohrschwirl Locustella luscinioides Savi's Warbler
Europe to the Ural Mts. and the Balkans, nw Africa Locustella luscinioides luscinioides
e Ukraine and s European Russia Locustella luscinioides sarmatica
Turkey and Jordan to Kazakhstan Locustella luscinioides fusca
Nordasien mit Europa; n, ne Strichelschwirl Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler
n Europe to e Siberia and ne China Locustella lanceolata lanceolata
Nordasien mit Europa; e Streifenschwirl Locustella certhiola Pallas' Grasshopper Warbler
Pallas' Grasshopper-Warbler
Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler
Pallas's Grasshopper-Warbler
Pallas's Grasshopper-warbler
sw Siberia to sc Siberia Locustella certhiola sparsimstriata
n Siberia Locustella certhiola rubescens
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Riesenschwirl Locustella fasciolata Gray's Grasshopper Warbler
Gray's Grasshopper-Warbler
Gray's Grasshopper-warbler
Gray's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea, Afrika; widespread Cistensänger
Zistensänger
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola
w France, Iberian Pen., Balearic Is. and nw Africa Cisticola juncidis cisticola
s France to Turkey and Syria, also Egypt and large Mediterranean islands Cisticola juncidis juncidis Zitting Cisticola (Zitting)
Cyprus, Lebanon and Israel to w Iran Cisticola juncidis neuroticus
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, also ne Africa Streifenprinie Prinia gracilis Graceful Prinia
Graceful Warbler
Natron Valley (n Egypt) Prinia gracilis natronensis
Nile Delta (n Egypt) to w Israel Prinia gracilis deltae
Cairo (n Egypt)to c Sudan Prinia gracilis gracilis
s Syria to nw Saudi Arabia Prinia gracilis palaestinae
e Syria, Iraq and sw Iran Prinia gracilis irakensis
s Turkey and n Syria Prinia gracilis akyildizi
Afrika; ne, c, w Schuppenkopfprinie Spiloptila clamans Cricket Longtail
Cricket Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; Iraq, Iran Rieddrossling Turdoides altirostris Iraq Babbler
Nordasien mit Europa; se Iraq to sw Pakistan Afghanendrossling Turdoides huttoni Afghan Babbler
e Iraq and w Iran Turdoides huttoni salvadorii
Nordasien mit Europa; Arabian Peninsula Graudrossling Turdoides squamiceps Arabian Babbler
ne Egypt and Israel to c Saudi Arabia Turdoides squamiceps squamiceps
Afrika; n Akaziendrossling Turdoides fulva
Turdoides fulvus
Fulvous Babbler
Fulvous Chatterer
s Morooco, nw Algeria Turdoides fulva maroccana
n Algeria, Tunisia and nw Libya Turdoides fulva fulva
wc Mauritania, n Senegal to c Chad Turdoides fulva buchanani
n and e Chad to Eritrea and n Ethiopia Turdoides fulva acaciae
Südasien; Himalayas to e China and ne Vietnam Sonnenvogel Leiothrix lutea Pekin Robin
Red-billed Leiothrix
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, sw Mönchsgrasmücke Sylvia atricapilla Blackcap
Eurasian Blackcap
Cape Verde and Azore Is. Sylvia atricapilla gularis
w and s Iberian Pen, Madeira and Canary Is. and nw Africa Sylvia atricapilla heineken
e Spain to c and s Italy, nc Africa Sylvia atricapilla pauluccii
w Europe to sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla
e Turkey to n Iran Sylvia atricapilla dammholzi
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Gartengrasmücke Sylvia borin Garden Warbler
w, c and n Europe Sylvia borin borin
Poland and Ukraine to c Siberia Sylvia borin woodwardi
Nordasien mit Europa; c Sperbergrasmücke Curruca nisoria
Sylvia nisoria
Barred Warbler
c Europe to the Ural Mts. and Iran Sylvia nisoria nisoria
n Kazakhstan and ne Iran to sw Siberia and Mongolia Sylvia nisoria merzbacheri
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Klappergrasmücke Curruca curruca
Sylvia curruca
Lesser Whitethroat
Europe to w Siberia Sibirische Klappergrasmücke S. curruca [curruca group]
S. curruca blythi
Sylvia curruca [curruca group]
Sylvia curruca blythi
Sylvia curruca curruca
Blyth's Whitethroat
c Turkey to n Iran Sylvia curruca caucasica
n Kazakhstan to c Siberia and Mongolia Steppengrasmücke S. curruca [halimodendri group]
Sylvia curruca [halimodendri group]
Sylvia curruca halimodendri
Central Asian Whitethroat
Nordasien mit Europa; c Buschgrasmücke Curruca minula
Sylvia minula
Desert Lesser Whitethroat
Desert Whitethroat
Small Whitethroat
s Kazakhstan Sylvia curruca jaxartica
Sylvia minula jaxartica
se Kazakhstan to w China Sylvia minula minula
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Eibischgrasmücke Curruca althaea
Sylvia althaea
Hume's Lesser Whitethroat
Hume's Whitethroat
Iran, s Turkmenistan and n Pakistan Sylvia althaea althaea
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe, nw Africa Orpheusgrasmücke
Westliche Orpheusgrasmücke
Curruca hortensis
Sylvia hortensis
Orphean Warbler
Western Orphean Warbler
Western Orphean-Warbler
sw Europe, nw Africa Sylvia hortensis hortensis
ne Lybia Sylvia hortensis cyrenaicae
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to c Asia. Nachtigallengrasmücke
Östliche Orpheusgrasmücke
Curruca crassirostris
Sylvia crassirostris
Eastern Orphean Warbler
Eastern Orphean-Warbler
se Europe to nw Iran Sylvia crassirostris crassirostris
n Iran and ne Iraq to se Turkmenistan and se Iran Sylvia crassirostris balchanica
Afrika; ne, also w, s Arabian Peninsula Akaziengrasmücke Curruca leucomelaena
Sylvia leucomelaena
Arabian Warbler
Red Sea Warbler
nw Saudi Arabia to Yemen and e to Oman Sylvia leucomelaena leucomelaena
se Israel and sw Jordan Sylvia leucomelaena negevensis
se Egypt, ne Sudan and Eritrea Sylvia leucomelaena blanfordi
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Asia Wüstengrasmücke Curruca nana
Sylvia nana
Asian Desert Warbler
Asian Desert-Warbler
Desert Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; nw Africa Saharagrasmücke Curruca deserti
Sylvia deserti
African Desert Warbler
African Desert-Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Dorngrasmücke Curruca communis
Sylvia communis
Common Whitethroat
Greater Whitethroat
Whitethroat
Europe to n Tukey and n Africa Sylvia communis communis
se European Russia, w Siberia and n Kazakhstan Sylvia communis volgensis
c Turkey to Turkmenistan and Iran Sylvia communis icterops
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Provencegrasmücke Curruca undata
Sylvia undata
Dartford Warbler
s England, w France and nw Spain Sylvia undata dartfordiensis
Iberian Pen., s France and Italy Sylvia undata undata
nw Africa Sylvia undata toni
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Sardengrasmücke Curruca sarda
Sylvia sarda
Marmora's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; Balearic Is. Balearengrasmücke Curruca balearica
Sylvia balearica
Balearic Warbler
Afrika; nw Atlasgrasmücke Curruca deserticola
Sylvia deserticola
Tristram's Warbler
n Algeria and n Tunesia Sylvia deserticola deserticola
c and w Morocco to nw Algeria Sylvia deserticola maroccana
e Morocco Sylvia deserticola ticehursti
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Brillengrasmücke Curruca conspicillata
Sylvia conspicillata
Spectacled Warbler
sw and s Europe, nw Africa, Turkey to Jordan Sylvia conspicillata conspicillata
Madeira, Canary and Cape Verde Is. Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Weißbart-Grasmücke Curruca cantillans
Sylvia cantillans
Subalpine Warbler
c, s Italy, Sicily Westl. Weißbart-Grasmücke
Westliche Weißbart-Grasmücke
S. cantillans [cantillans group]
Sylvia cantillans [cantillans group]
Sylvia cantillans cantillans
Subalpine Warbler (cantillans)
Western Subalpine Warbler
ne Italy through se Europe to w Turkey Östl. Weißbart-Grasmücke
Östliche Weißbart-Grasmücke
S. cantillans albistriata
Sylvia cantillans albistriata
Eastern Subalpine Warbler
Subalpine Warbler (albistriata)
Iberian Pen., s France and extreme nw Italy Sylvia cantillans iberiae
nw Africa Sylvia cantillans inornata Subalpine Warbler (inornata)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Mediterranean, nw Italy Moltonigrasmücke Curruca moltonii
S. cantillans moltonii
Sylvia cantillans moltonii
Sylvia subalpina
Moltoni's Warbler
Subalpine Warbler (moltonii)
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Samtkopf-Grasmücke Curruca melanocephala
Sylvia melanocephala
Sardinian Warbler
s Europe to w Turkey, nw Africa Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala
Canary Is. Sylvia melanocephala leucogastra
s Morocco and Western Sahara Sylvia melanocephala valverdei
Crete, Karpathos and Rhodes Sylvia melanocephala pasiphae
ne Egypt to extreme sc Turkey Sylvia melanocephala momus
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Tamariskengrasmücke Curruca mystacea
Sylvia mystacea
Menetries' Warbler
Menetries's Warbler
e Turkey to sw Russia and n Iran Sylvia mystacea mystacea
se Turkey to e Jordan, Iraq and sw Iran Sylvia mystacea rubescens
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Maskengrasmücke Curruca ruppeli
Sylvia rueppelli
Sylvia ruppeli
Sylvia ruppelli
Rueppell's Warbler
Ruppell's Warbler
Rüppell's Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; Cyprus Schuppengrasmücke Curruca melanothorax
Sylvia melanothorax
Cyprus Warbler
Nordasien mit Europa; e, also Taiwan, s China, nw Vietnam Braunkopf-Papageimeise Paradoxornis webbianus
Sinosuthora webbiana
Vinous-throated Parrotbill
Nordasien mit Europa; w Sommergoldhähnchen Regulus ignicapilla
Regulus ignicapillus
Common Firecrest
Firecrest
w, c and s Europe, Asia Minor R. ignicapilla [ignicapilla group]
Regulus ignicapilla [ignicapilla group]
Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla
Firecrest (European)
w Caucasus Regulus ignicapilla caucasicus
Crimea Regulus ignicapilla tauricus
Balearic Is., nw Africa Regulus ignicapilla balearica
Regulus ignicapilla balearicus
Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla/balearica
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Wintergoldhähnchen Regulus regulus Common Goldcrest
Goldcrest
Europe and w Siberia R. regulus [regulus group]
Regulus regulus [regulus group]
Regulus regulus regulus
La Gomera and Tenerife (wc Canary Is.) Kanarengoldhähnchen
Teneriffagoldhähnchen
Wintergoldhähnchen Unterart teneriffae
Regulus regulus teneriffae
Regulus teneriffae
Canary Islands Goldcrest
Canary Islands Kinglet
Tenerife Goldcrest
Tenerife Kinglet
La Palma and El Hierro (w Canary Is.) Regulus regulus ellenthalerae
São Miguel (e Azores) Azorengoldhähnchen R. regulus [azoricus group]
Regulus regulus [azoricus group]
Regulus regulus azoricus
Azores Goldcrest
Goldcrest (Sao Miguel)
Santa Maria (se Azores) Regulus regulus sanctaemariae Goldcrest (Santa Maria)
w and c Azores Regulus regulus inermis Goldcrest (Western Azores)
Crimea, Asia Minor and the Caucasus area Regulus regulus buturlini
Nordasien mit Europa; Madeira Madeiragoldhähnchen
Sommergoldhähnchen Unterart madeirensis
R. ignicapilla madeirensis
Regulus ignicapilla madeirensis
Regulus ignicapillus madeirensis
Regulus madeirensis
Firecrest (Madeira)
Madeira Firecrest
Madeira Kinglet
Nordamerika; widespread Rubingoldhähnchen Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
c and e Canada, sw, wc and e USA Regulus calendula calendula
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Zaunkönig Nannus troglodytes
Troglodytes troglodytes
Eurasian Wren
Northern Wren
Wren
Iceland Troglodytes troglodytes islandicus Eurasian Wren (Iceland)
Faroe Is. Troglodytes troglodytes borealis Eurasian Wren (Faeroe)
Shetland Is. Troglodytes troglodytes zetlandicus Eurasian Wren (Shetland)
Fair I. (s of the Shetland Is.) Troglodytes troglodytes fridariensis Eurasian Wren (Fair Isle)
St Kilda I. (Outer Hebrides off w Scotland) Troglodytes troglodytes hirtensis Eurasian Wren (St. Kilda)
Outer Hebrides except St. Kilda (off w Scotland) Troglodytes troglodytes hebridensis Eurasian Wren (Hebridean)
Ireland and Britain Troglodytes troglodytes indigenus Eurasian Wren (British)
most of mainland Europe Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes Eurasian Wren (Eurasian)
nw Africa, Balearic Is. and s Spain Troglodytes troglodytes kabylorum
Corsica and Sardinia Troglodytes troglodytes koenigi
ne Libya Troglodytes troglodytes [troglodytes Group]
Troglodytes troglodytes juniperi
Cyprus, w and s Turkey to n Israel Troglodytes troglodytes cypriotes
Crimea, n Turkey, Caucasus and n Iran Troglodytes troglodytes hyrcanus
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Kleiber Sitta europaea Eurasian Nuthatch
Nuthatch
Wood Nuthatch
w, c and se Europe Sitta europaea caesia Eurasian Nuthatch (Eurasian)
n and e Europe S. europaea [europaea group]
Sitta europaea [europaea Group]
Sitta europaea [europaea group]
Sitta europaea europaea
Portugal, Spain and n Morocco Sitta europaea hispaniensis
Switzerland, Croatia, Italy and Sicily Sitta europaea cisalpina
s Turkey, n Syria and n Lebanon Sitta europaea levantina
ne Turkey to sw Russia Sitta europaea caucasica
n Iran and Azerbaijan Sitta europaea rubiginosa
c Russia to e Siberia, Hokkaido (n Japan) and nw Manchuria (ne China) Sitta europaea asiatica
Nordasien mit Europa; Corsica Korsenkleiber Sitta whiteheadi Corsican Nuthatch
Afrika; Algeria Kabylenkleiber Sitta ledanti Algerian Nuthatch
Kabylie Nuthatch
Nordasien mit Europa; e Greece through Turkey Türkenkleiber Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch
Kruper's Nuthatch
Krüper's Nuthatch
Nordamerika; widespread Kanadakleiber Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Felsenkleiber Sitta neumayer Rock Nuthatch
Western Rock Nuthatch
Western Rock-Nuthatch
Western Rock-nuthatch
se Europe Sitta neumayer neumayer
se Turkey to n Israel Sitta neumayer syriaca
n Turkey to the Caucasus, n Iran and n Iraq Sitta neumayer rupicola
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Klippenkleiber Sitta tephronota Eastern Rock Nuthatch
Eastern Rock-Nuthatch
Eastern Rock-nuthatch
Great Rock Nuthatch
Persian Nuthatch
se Turkey to n Iraq and w Iran Sitta tephronota dresseri
ne Turkey to the Caucasus and Iran Sitta tephronota obscura
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe to c China Mauerläufer Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper
s and e Europe to the Caucasus and w Iran Tichodroma muraria muraria
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Waldbaumläufer Certhia familiaris Common Treecreeper
Eurasian Tree-Creeper
Eurasian Treecreeper
Treecreeper
Ireland and Britain Certhia familiaris britannica
Certhia familiaris brittanica
w and c Europe Certhia familiaris macrodactyla
Corsica Certhia familiaris corsa
n and e Europe Certhia familiaris familiaris
n Turkey through the Caucasus Certhia familiaris caucasica
se Azerbaijan and n Iran Certhia familiaris persica
Nordasien mit Europa; w, also nw Africa Gartenbaumläufer Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Tree-Creeper
Short-toed Treecreeper
w Europe Certhia brachydactyla megarhyncha
Certhia brachydactyla megarhynchos
s Europe Certhia brachydactyla brachydactyla
nw Africa Certhia brachydactyla mauritanica
s Greece, Crete and Cyprus Certhia brachydactyla dorotheae
Turkey Certhia brachydactyla stresemanni
nw Caucasus Certhia brachydactyla rossocaucasica
Nordamerika; widespread Katzenvogel Dumetella carolinensis Catbird
Gray Catbird
Grey Catbird
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s Canada to s Mexico Spottdrossel Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird
s Canada through the USA to s Mexico Mimus polyglottos polyglottos
Nordamerika; c, e, se Rote Spottdrossel Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher
se Canada to se USA Toxostoma rufum rufum
Südasien; s China to Southeast Asia Haubenmaina Acridotheres cristatellus Chinese Jungle Mynah
Crested Myna
Südasien; Pakistan, India, Bangladesh Ufermaina Acridotheres ginginianus Bank Myna
Bank Mynah
Südasien; widespread Hirtenmaina Acridotheres tristis Common Myna
Common Mynah
s Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and e Iran to s China, Indochina, Malay Pen. and s India Acridotheres tristis tristis
Südasien; sw China to Cambodia and Vietnam Burmastar Acridotheres burmannicus
Sturnus burmannicus
Jerdon's Starling
Vinous-breasted Myna
Vinous-breasted Starling
Nordasien mit Europa; e Mongolenstar Agropsar sturninus
Sturnia sturnina
Sturnus sturninus
Daurian Starling
Purple-backed Starling
Nordasien mit Europa; se Europe to wc Asia Rosenstar Pastor roseus
Sturnus roseus
Rose-coloured Starling
Rosy Starling
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c, introduced worldwide Star Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling
European Starling
European Starling / Common Starling
Starling
Caucasus to s Iran Sturnus vulgaris caucasicus
most of Europe Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris
Faroe Is. Sturnus vulgaris faroensis
Shetland Is. Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus
Azores Sturnus vulgaris granti
se European Russia to w Mongolia Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi
Ukraine, sw Russia and Turkey Sturnus vulgaris tauricus
e Turkey, Georgia and Armenia Sturnus vulgaris purpurascens
se Turkey and n Iraq Sturnus vulgaris oppenheimi
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Europe, also n Africa Einfarbstar Sturnus unicolor Spotless Starling
Nordasien mit Europa; Arabian Peninsula Tristramstar Onychognathus tristramii Tristram's Grackle
Tristram's Starling
Nordasien mit Europa; e Schieferdrossel Geokichla sibirica
Zoothera sibirica
Siberian Ground Thrush
Siberian Thrush
c and e Siberia to n Mongolia and ne China Geokichla sibirica sibirica
Nordasien mit Europa; e Erddrossel Unterart aurea
Sibirische Erddrossel
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush
e European Russia to e Siberia and n Mongolia Zoothera aurea aurea
Zoothera dauma aurea
Südasien; Himalayas to Sumatra and Java Himalajaerddrossel Zoothera dauma Common Scaly Thrush
Eurasian Scaly Thrush
Scaly Thrush
Nordamerika; w Halsbanddrossel Ixoreus naevia
Ixoreus naevius
Zoothera naevia
Varied Thrush
Nordamerika; widespread Wilsondrossel Catharus fuscescens Veery
se Canada and e USA Catharus fuscescens fuscescens
Nordamerika; n Grauwangendrossel Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush
Grey-cheeked Thrush
Nordamerika; widespread Zwergdrossel Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush
c and e Canada, n USA Catharus ustulatus swainsoni Swainson's Thrush (Olive-backed)
Nordamerika; widespread Einsiedlerdrossel Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
ec and e Canada, e USA Catharus guttatus faxoni
Catharus guttatus faxoni/crymophilus
Hermit Thrush (Northern/Eastern)
Nordamerika; e Walddrossel Catharus mustelinus
Hylocichla mustelina
Wood Thrush
Südasien; w, c Himalayas Einfarbdrossel Turdus unicolor Tickell's Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw Ringdrossel Turdus torquatus Ring Ousel
Ring Ouzel
w and n Europe Turdus torquatus torquatus Ring Ouzel (Northern)
n Spain and c Europe to Greece and w Turkey Turdus torquatus alpestris Ring Ouzel (Alpine)
c Turkey to Turkmenistan and n Iran Turdus torquatus amicorum Ring Ouzel (Caucasian)
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; Widespread Amsel Turdus merula Blackbird
Common Blackbird
Eurasian Blackbird
Eurasian Blackbird / Common Blackbird
Europe (except se) Turdus merula merula
Azores Turdus merula azorensis
Madeira and Canary Is. Turdus merula cabrerae
nw Africa Turdus merula mauritanicus
se Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Turdus merula aterrimus
islands of s Greece, s Turkey to s Iran, n Iraq and Egypt Turdus merula syriacus
mountains of c Asia to n Afghanistan Turdus merula intermedius
Nordasien mit Europa; e Weißbrauendrossel Turdus obscurus Eye-browed Thrush
Eyebrowed Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; nc Schwarzkehldrossel Turdus atrogularis
Turdus ruficollis atrogularis
Black-throated Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; ec Bechsteindrossel
Rotkehldrossel
Turdus ruficollis
Turdus ruficollis ruficollis
Dark-throated Thrush
Red-throated Thrush
Rufous-throated Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; e Naumanndrossel
Rostschwanzdrossel
Rotschwanzdrossel
Turdus naumanni
Turdus naumanni naumanni
Naumann's Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; e Rostflügeldrossel Turdus eunomus
Turdus naumanni eunomus
Dusky Thrush
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Wacholderdrossel Turdus pilaris Fieldfare
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Rotdrossel Turdus iliacus Redwing
Iceland and Faroe Is. Turdus iliacus coburni Redwing (Icelandic)
n and e Europe to c Siberia Turdus iliacus iliacus Redwing (Eurasian)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Singdrossel Turdus philomelos Song Thrush
Outer Hebrides, I. of Skye, w Scotland and w Ireland Turdus philomelos hebridensis
w Europe Turdus philomelos clarkei
Europe (except w), n Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Turdus philomelos philomelos
w and c Siberia Turdus philomelos nataliae
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, also n Africa Misteldrossel Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush
nw Africa, Corsica and Sardinia Turdus viscivorus deichleri
Europe to w Siberia and n Iran Turdus viscivorus viscivorus
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; Alaska and Canada to Guatemala Wanderdrossel Turdus migratorius American Robin
Afrika; ne Rußheckensänger Cercotrichas podobe Black Bushchat
Black Scrub Robin
Black Scrub-Robin
Black Scrub-robin
s Mauritania and n Senegal to ne Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia Cercotrichas podobe podobe
w, c and s Arabian Pen. Cercotrichas podobe melanoptera
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, sw Heckensänger Cercotrichas galactotes
Erythropygia galactotes
Rufous Bush Robin
Rufous Bushchat
Rufous Scrub Robin
Rufous Scrub-robin
Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin
Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin
Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin
Iberian Pen., n Africa, Israel and sw Syria Westl. Heckensänger
Westlicher Heckensänger
C. galactotes galactotes
Cercotrichas galactotes galactotes
Western Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin
Balkans to w and s Turkey, w Syria and Lebanon Östl. Heckensänger
Östlicher Heckensänger
C. galactotes [syriacus group]
Cercotrichas galactotes [syriacus group]
Cercotrichas galactotes syriaca
Cercotrichas galactotes syriacus
Eastern Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin
se Turkey, Iraq and n and ne Arabia to s Kazakhstan, e Afghanistan and w Pakistan Cercotrichas galactotes familiaris
Senegal and Gambia to n Somalia Cercotrichas galactotes minor
Cercotrichas minor
Cercotrichas minor minor
African Scrub-Robin
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Grauschnäpper Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher
Europe to w Siberia, nw Africa Muscicapa striata striata
Balearic Is. (w Mediterranean) Muscicapa striata balearica
Corsica and Sardinia Muscicapa striata tyrrhenica
Crimea (s Ukraine) Muscicapa striata inexpectata
islands of the Aegean Sea through the Middle East to the Caucasus and n Iran, also c Siberia Muscicapa striata neumanni
e Iran and Turkmenistan to the mountains of c Asia and n Pakistan Muscicapa striata sarudnyi
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; c, e Asia to India & Southeast Asia Braunschnäpper Muscicapa dauurica
Muscicapa latirostris
Asian Brown Flycatcher
Brown Flycatcher
c Siberia and n Mongolia to Sakhalin, Japan and Korea Muscicapa latirostris latirostris
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Rotkehlchen Erithacus rubecula European Robin
Robin
British Isles Erithacus rubecula melophilus
continental Europe to Ural Mts., w Turkey, islands in e Atlantic and nw Morocco E. rubecula [rubecula group]
Erithacus rubecula [rubecula group]
Erithacus rubecula rubecula
c Canary Is. Kanarenrotkehlchen E. rubecula superbus
Erithacus rubecula superbus
Tenerife Robin
n Algeria and n Tunisia Erithacus rubecula witherbyi
s Crimea (s Ukraine) Erithacus rubecula valens
e Turkey and the Caucasus Erithacus rubecula caucasicus
se Azerbaijan and n Iran Erithacus rubecula hyrcanus
Ural Mts. and sw Siberia Erithacus rubecula tataricus
Nordasien mit Europa; e Blaunachtigall Erithacus cyane
Larvivora cyane
Luscinia cyane
Siberian Blue Robin
Siberian Blue-Robin
e Siberia, ne China and Korea Larvivora cyane cyane
Nordasien mit Europa; e Schwirrnachtigall Erithacus sibilans
Larvivora sibilans
Luscinia sibilans
Rufous-tailed Robin
Swinhoe's Robin
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also w Alaska Blaukehlchen Cyanecula svecica
Luscinia svecica
Luscinia svecicus
Bluethroat
n Europe, n Asia, n Alaska and nw Canada Rotsterniges Blaukehlchen Luscinia svecica svecica Bluethroat (Red-spotted)
sw and c France Luscinia svecica namnetum
Netherlands, e France and c Spain to Belarus and nw Ukraine Weißsterniges Blaukehlchen Luscinia svecica cyanecula
Luscinia svecica cyanecula/namnetum
Bluethroat (White-spotted)
ne Ukraine, c and e European Russia Luscinia svecica [svecica Group]
Luscinia svecica volgae
e Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Luscinia svecica magna Bluethroat (Caucasian)
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan Luscinia svecica pallidogularis
Nordasien mit Europa; n, c Sprosser Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Nachtigall Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale
Nightingale
Rufous Nightingale
w and c Europe to c Turkey and south to Jordan Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos
e Turkey, the Caucasus and n and sw Iran Luscinia megarhynchos africana
e Iran to Kazakhstan, sw Mongolia and nw China Luscinia megarhynchos golzii
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Weißkehlsänger Irania gutteralis
Irania gutturalis
Irania
White-throated Robin
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Rubinkehlchen Calliope calliope
Erithacus calliope
Luscinia calliope
Siberian Rubythroat
Siberia, n Mongolia, ne China and n Korea Calliope calliope calliope
Nordasien mit Europa; n Eurasia from Finland to Japan Blauschwanz Tarsiger cyanurus Orange-flanked Bush-Robin
Orange-flanked Bush-robin
Red-flanked Bluetail
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Trauerschnäpper Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher
European Pied-Flycatcher
Pied Flycatcher
w and n Europe to the Ural Mts. Ficedula hypoleuca hypoleuca
Iberian Pen. Ficedula hypoleuca iberiae
w and sc Siberia Ficedula hypoleuca sibirica
Afrika; nw, w Atlasschnäpper Ficedula speculigera Atlas Flycatcher
Atlas Pied Flycatcher
Atlas Pied-Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; c, se Europe Halsbandschnäpper Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Halbringschnäpper Ficedula semitorquata Semi-collared Flycatcher
Semicollared Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; e Mugimakischnäpper Ficedula mugimaki Mugimaki Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Zwergschnäpper Ficedula parva Red-breasted Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Taigazwergschnäpper Ficedula albicilla Taiga Flycatcher
Nordasien mit Europa; c Asia Sprosserrotschwanz Phoenicurus erythronota
Phoenicurus erythronotus
Eversmann's Redstart
Rufous-backed Redstart
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; w EU to c China Hausrotschwanz Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart
Europe and nw Africa Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis
Turkey to the Caucasus and nw Iran Phoenicurus ochruros ochruros
w Syria, Lebanon and ne Israel Phoenicurus ochruros semirufus
ne Iran and Turkmenistan to nw Pakistan north to se Kazakhstan, nw China, sc Siberia and w Mongolia Phoenicurus ochruros phoenicuroides
Central Himalayas to c China Phoenicurus ochruros rufiventris Black Redstart (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, also nw Africa Gartenrotschwanz Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart
Redstart
Europe and n Africa to c Asia Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart (Common)
the Balkans and Greece to Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran Phoenicurus phoenicurus samamisicus Common Redstart (Ehrenberg's)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Spiegelrotschwanz Phoenicurus auroreus Daurian Redstart
sc Siberia and Mongolia to Korea and ne China Phoenicurus auroreus auroreus
Afrika; nw Diademrotschwanz Phoenicurus moussieri Moussier's Redstart
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, ec Riesenrotschwanz Phoenicurus erythrogaster
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus
Gueldenstadt's Redstart
Guldenstadt's Redstart
Güldenstädt's Redstart
White-winged Redstart
Greater Caucasus Mt. Phoenicurus erythrogastrus erythrogastrus
Nordasien mit Europa; s Europe to sc China, also nw Africa Steinrötel Monticola saxatilis Common Rock Thrush
Common Rock-Thrush
Common Rock-thrush
Mountain Rock Thrush
Rock Thrush
Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush
Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread, also nw Africa Blaumerle Monticola solitarius Blue Rock Thrush
Blue Rock-Thrush
Blue Rock-thrush
nw Africa, sw and sc Europe, n Turkey to Georgia and Azerbaijan Monticola solitarius solitarius
Greece and w and s Turkey through the Middle East to the nw Himalayas Monticola solitarius longirostris
Nordasien mit Europa; w Braunkehlchen Saxicola rubetra Whinchat
Afrika; Canary Islands Kanarenschmätzer Saxicola dacotiae Canary Island Stonechat
Canary Islands Chat
Canary Islands Stonechat
Fuerteventura Stonechat
Fuerteventura I. Saxicola dacotiae dacotiae
Nordasien mit Europa; w, s Europe, n Africa Schwarzkehlchen Saxicola rubicola
Saxicola torquata
Common Stonechat
European Stonechat
Stonechat
Ireland, Britain, w France and Portugal Saxicola rubicola hibernans
w, c and s Europe, nw Africa and Turkey to the Caucasus Saxicola [torquatus] rubicola
Saxicola rubicola rubicola
Nordasien mit Europa; e Caucasus, se Turkey and w Iran. c Siberia, c Asia, the Himalayas and w, c China; Pallasschwarzkehlchen
Sibirisches Schwarzkehlchen
Saxicola maura
Saxicola maurus
Siberian Stonechat
se Turkey and Transcaucasia to n, w Iran Saxicola maurus armenicus
Saxicola maurus variegatus
e Finland and n and e European Russia to Mongolia and Pakistan Saxicola maurus [maurus Group]
Saxicola maurus maurus
Siberian Stonechat (Siberian)
Nordasien mit Europa; e Siberia and e Mongolia to Korea and Japan . Stejnegers Schwarzkehlchen Saxicola stejnegeri Stejneger's Stonechat
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Australien mit Neuguinea; ne Iran through Southeast Asia to New Guinea Mohrenschwarzkehlchen Saxicola caprata Pied Bush Chat
Pied Bushchat
Pied Stonechat
ne Iran to sc Kazakhstan and Afghanistan Saxicola caprata rossorum
Afrika; e, c, w Ameisenschmätzer
Rußschmätzer
Myrmecocichla aethiops Ant-chat
Anteater Chat
Northern Anteater Chat
Northern Anteater-Chat
Northern Anteater-chat
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also n NA, nw Africa Steinschmätzer Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear
Wheatear
ne Canada, Greenland and Iceland Oenanthe oenanthe leucorhoa Northern Wheatear (Greenland)
n and c Europe through n Asia to e Siberia and nw North America O. oenanthe [oenanthe group]
Oenanthe oenanthe [oenanthe group]
Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe
Northern Wheatear (Eurasian)
s Europe through the Middle East and sw Asia to Mongolia and nw China Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica
Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe/libanotica
nw Africa Seebohmsteinschmätzer O. oenanthe seebohmi
Oenanthe oenanthe seebohmi
Northern Wheatear (Black-throated)
Seebohm's Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, s Isabellsteinschmätzer Oenanthe isabellina Isabelline Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; e Egypt to sw Pakistan Kappensteinschmätzer Oenanthe monacha Hooded Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, c, also n Africa Wüstensteinschmätzer Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear
n Africa Oenanthe deserti homochroa
ne Egypt through the Middle East to Mongolia, and Afghanistan Oenanthe deserti deserti
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Maurensteinschmätzer
Mittelmeer-Steinschmätzer
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear
sw and sc Europe, nw Africa Mittelmeer-Steinschmätzer Unterart hispanica O. hispanica hispanica
Oenanthe hispanica hispanica
Black-eared Wheatear (Western)
Western Black-eared Wheatear
sc and se Europe through the Middle East to Iran and Kazakhstan Balkansteinschmätzer
Mittelmeer-Steinschmätzer Unterart melanoleuca
O. hispanica melanoleuca
Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca
Oenanthe melanoleuca
Black-eared Wheatear (Eastern)
Eastern Black-eared Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; Cyprus Zypernsteinschmätzer Oenanthe cypriaca Cyprus Pied Wheatear
Cyprus Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Nonnensteinschmätzer Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; n Africa, Arabian Peninsula Fahlbürzel-Steinschmätzer Oenanthe moesta Buff-rumped Wheatear
Red-rumped Wheatear
n Africa Oenanthe moesta moesta
ne Egypt and nw Saudi Arabia to s Syria and w Iraq Oenanthe moesta brooksbanki
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Arabian Peninsula through e, c, w Africa Schwarzschwanz Cercomela melanura
Oenanthe melanura
Blackstart
ne Egypt to Israel, Jordan and c Saudi Arabia Cercomela melanura melanura
Oenanthe melanura melanura
nc Sudan to Eritrea Cercomela melanura lypura
Oenanthe melanura lypura
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, also n Africa Trauersteinschmätzer Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear
Portugal, Spain and s France Oenanthe leucura leucura
nw Africa Oenanthe leucura riggenbachi
Oenanthe leucura syenitica
Afrika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Africa to n, c Arabian Peninsula Saharasteinschmätzer Oenanthe leucopyga White-crowned Black Wheatear
White-crowned Wheatear
White-tailed Wheatear
nw Africa to w Egypt Oenanthe leucopyga aegra
Nile Valley of Egypt and nc Sudan, ne Sudan to Eritrea and Djibouti Oenanthe leucopyga leucopyga
ne Egypt to c Saudi Arabia and Yemen Oenanthe leucopyga ernesti
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Schwarzkopf-Steinschmätzer Oenanthe alboniger
Oenanthe albonigra
Hume's Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Felsensteinschmätzer Oenanthe finschii Finsch's Wheatear
sc, se Turkey to n Israel and w and sw Iran Oenanthe finschii finschii
e Turkey to c, e Iran, sc Kazakhstan a w Pakistan Oenanthe finschii barnesi
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; n Africa through Arabian Peninsula to Iran Schwarzrücken-Steinschmätzer Oenanthe lugens Eastern Mourning Wheatear
Mourning Wheatear
n Africa Berbersteinschmätzer O. lugens halophila
Oenanthe halophila
Oenanthe lugens halophila
Maghreb Wheatear
Mourning Wheatear (Maghreb)
Western Mourning Wheatear
e Egypt and ne Sudan to nw Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria O. lugens [lugens group]
Oenanthe lugens [lugens group]
Oenanthe lugens lugens
ne Jordan, s Syria Oenanthe lugens warriae Mourning Wheatear (Basalt)
Iran Oenanthe lugens lugens/persica
Oenanthe lugens persica
Mourning Wheatear (Mourning)
Nordasien mit Europa; Turkey, Iran Rostbürzel-Steinschmätzer O. xanthoprymna xanthoprymna
Oenanthe xanthoprymna
Oenanthe xanthoprymna xanthoprymna
Chestnut-rumped Wheatear
Kurdish Wheatear
Red-tailed Wheatear (Kurdistan)
Rufous-tailed Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Kaukasussteinschmätzer O. xanthoprymna chrysopygia
Oenanthe chrysopygia
Oenanthe xanthoprymna chrysopygia
Persian Wheatear
Red-tailed Wheatear
Red-tailed Wheatear (Red-tailed)
Rusty-tailed Wheatear
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also nw Africa Wasseramsel Cinclus cinclus Dipper
White-throated Dipper
Ireland and w Scotland Cinclus cinclus hibernicus
Scotland (except w), n, c and w England and Wales Cinclus cinclus gularis
n Europe, w and c France and n Spain, Corsica and Sardinia Cinclus cinclus cinclus
c and s Europe Cinclus cinclus aquaticus
nw Africa Cinclus cinclus minor
w Syria and Lebanon Cinclus cinclus rufiventris
Ural Mts. (w Russia) Cinclus cinclus uralensis
Turkey to the Caucasus, n Iran and n Iraq Cinclus cinclus caucasicus
Afrika; w, c, e Grünbrust-Nektarvogel Anthodiaeta platura
Anthreptes platurus
Hedydipna platura
Pygmy Long-tailed Sunbird
Pygmy Sunbird
Afrika; ne, also sw Arabian Peninsula Erznektarvogel Anthodiaeta metallica
Anthreptes metallicus
Hedydipna metallica
Nile Valley Sunbird
Afrika; nc, also s, w Arabian Peninsula Jerichonektarvogel Cinnyris osea
Nectarinia osea
Northern Orange-tufted Sunbird
Palestine Sunbird
Syria to ne Egypt and east to Yemen and Oman Cinnyris osea osea Palestine Sunbird (Palestine)
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; e Arabian Peninsula to Southeast Asia Purpurnektarvogel Arachnechthra asiatica
Cinnyris asiaticus
Nectarinia asiatica
Purple Sunbird
e Arabian Pen. to w India Cinnyris asiaticus brevirostris
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Afrika; widespread, introduced worldwide Haussperling
Spatz
Passer domesticus House Sparrow
w and n Europe through n Asia to ne Siberia and n Japan, introduced in the Americas, South Africa and Australia Passer domesticus domesticus
s Europe (except Italy) to c Turkey Passer domesticus balearoibericus
Cyprus, n Israel and nw Jordan to w Syria and se Turkey to nw Iran. Passer domesticus biblicus
c Iran to w and s Afghanistan Passer domesticus persicus
s Israel and s Palestine through Arabia and east to India and c Southeast Asia Passer domesticus indicus
nw Africa Passer domesticus tingitanus
Egypt Passer domesticus niloticus
Sudan and Eritrea Passer domesticus rufidorsalis
Nordasien mit Europa; Italian Peninsula, Corsica, Sicily and Crete. Italiensperling Passer domesticus italiae
Passer hispaniolensis italiae
Passer italiae
Italian Sparrow
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc, also n Africa Weidensperling Passer hispaniolensis Spanish Sparrow
Iberian Pen. to w Turkey, e Atlantic islands, nw Africa Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis
Middle East to s Kazakhstan, w China and Afghanistan Passer hispaniolensis transcaspicus
Nordasien mit Europa; Israel to w Pakistan Moabsperling Passer moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow
Israel and Jordan Passer moabiticus moabiticus Dead Sea Sparrow (Dead Sea)
s Turkey and n Syria to sw Iran and Iraq Passer moabiticus mesopotamicus
Afrika; Cape Verde Islands Kap Verde Sperling
Kapverdensperling
Passer iagoensis Cape Verde Sparrow
Iago Sparrow
Afrika; n AF Wüstensperling Passer simplex African Desert Sparrow
Desert Sparrow
Morocco to c Libya Passer simplex saharae Desert Sparrow (Desert)
s Mauritania and Mali to sw Egypt, c Sudan and n Chad Passer simplex simplex
Passer simplex simplex/saharae
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; widespread Feldsperling Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Tree Sparrow
Europe through n and c Asia to ne Siberia and ne Mongolia Passer montanus montanus
e Turkey, the Caucasus to Armenia and Iran Passer montanus transcaucasicus
Afrika; w, c, ne Braunrücken-Goldsperling
Sudangoldsperling
Auripasser luteus
Passer luteus
Sudan Golden Sparrow
Sudan Golden-Sparrow
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Fahlsperling Carpospiza brachydactyla
Petronia brachydactyla
Pale Rock Sparrow
Pale Rock-sparrow
Pale Rockfinch
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc, also nw Africa Steinsperling Petronia petronia Common Rock-sparrow
Rock Petronia
Rock Sparrow
Streaked Rock Sparrow
Madeira and Canary Is., s Europe to w Turkey Petronia petronia petronia
nw Africa Petronia petronia barbara
s Turkey to Jordan Petronia petronia puteicola
c Turkey to the Caucasus, n Iran and n Iraq Petronia petronia exigua
Caspian Sea to Kyrgyzstan Petronia petronia kirhizica
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien; Turkey to India and Sri Lanka Gelbkehlsperling Gymnoris xanthocollis
Petronia xanthocollis
Petronia xanthosterna
Chestnut-shouldered Bush-sparrow
Chestnut-shouldered Petronia
Yellow-spotted Rock Sparrow
Yellow-throated Sparrow
se Turkey and se Iraq to sw Afghanistan and s Pakistan Gymnoris xanthocollis transfuga
Petronia xanthocollis transfuga
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc Schneefink
Schneesperling
Montifringilla nivalis Snow Finch
White-winged Snow Finch
White-winged Snowfinch
s Europe Montifringilla nivalis nivalis
s and e Turkey Montifringilla nivalis leucura
the Caucasus and n Iran to Afghanistan Montifringilla nivalis alpicola
Afrika; widespread Dorfweber Ploceus cucullatus Village Weaver
Afrika; w, c, ec Schwarzkopfweber Ploceus melanocephalus Black-headed Weaver
Südasien; widespread Manyarweber Ploceus manyar Streaked Weaver
Pakistan, India (except ne), Sri Lanka and se Nepal Ploceus manyar flaviceps
Afrika; w, c, e, s Tahaweber Euplectes afer Golden Bishop
Yellow-crowned Bishop
Afrika; w, ec, e, s Senegalamarant Lagonosticta senegala Red-billed Fire Finch
Red-billed Firefinch
Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to w and c Nigeria Lagonosticta senegala senegala
e Nigeria, n and c Cameroon and s Chad to Sudan, w Eritrea and w Ethiopia Lagonosticta senegala rhodopsis
Afrika; w, c, e, s Wellenastrild Estrilda astrild Common Waxbill
coastal w Angola Estrilda astrild jagoensis
Südasien; widespread Tigerastrild
Tigerfink
Amandava amandava Red Avadavat
Red Munia
Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh Amandava amandava amandava
Afrika; w, c, e, also sw Arabian Peninsula Afrik. Silberschnabel
Afrikanischer Silberschnabel
Afrikasilberschnabel
Euodice cantans
Lonchura cantans
African Silverbill
Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan Euodice cantans cantans
Südasien; India, Sri Lanka, also sc Asia Indiensilberschnabel
Indischer Silberschnabel
Euodice malabarica
Lonchura malabarica
Indian Silverbill
White-throated Munia
Südasien; s India, Sri Lanka Schwarzbauchnonne Lonchura malacca Chestnut Mannikin
Tricolored Munia
Tricoloured Munia
Südasien; India to Indonesia, Philippines Schwarzkappennonne
Schwarzkopfnonne
Lonchura atricapilla Chestnut Munia
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc, e, also nw Africa Alpenbraunelle Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor
sw Europe to Slovenia and the Carpathians, nw Africa Prunella collaris collaris
Croatia to Bulgaria and Greece, Crete and sw Turkey Prunella collaris subalpina
n and e Turkey to the Caucasus and Iran Prunella collaris montana
Nordasien mit Europa; n, e Bergbraunelle Prunella montanella Mountain Accentor
Siberian Accentor
ne Europe to nw and sc Siberia and s Russia Prunella montanella montanella
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Steinbraunelle Prunella ocularis Radde's Accentor
Nordasien mit Europa; c, sw Schwarzkehlbraunelle Prunella atrogularis Black-throated Accentor
Ural Mts. of nw Russia Prunella atrogularis atrogularis
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw, also nw Africa Heckenbraunelle Prunella modularis Dunnock
Dunnock / Hedge Accentor
Hedge Accentor
Ireland and the Hebrides (w of Scotland) Prunella modularis hebridium
Scotland (except the Hebrides), England and w France Prunella modularis occidentalis
n and c Europe Prunella modularis modularis
Iberian Pen., sc France and Italy Prunella modularis mabbotti
the Balkans Prunella modularis meinertzhageni
s Crimean Pen. (n coast of the Black Sea) Prunella modularis fuscata
nw and n Turkey Prunella modularis euxina
ne Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Prunella modularis obscura
Nordasien mit Europa; e Baumstelze Dendronanthus indicus Forest Wagtail
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Schafstelze
Wiesenschafstelze
Motacilla flava Western Yellow Wagtail
Yellow Wagtail
Britain and coastal Europe Englische Schafstelze
Gelbkopfschafstelze
M. flava flavissima
Motacilla flava flavissima
Motacilla flavissima
British Yellow Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail (Yellow)
sw Russia to nw and nc Kazakhstan Gelbkopf-Schafstelze M. flava lutea
Motacilla flava lutea
Western Yellow Wagtail (Yellow-headed)
Yellow-headed Wagtail
n and c Europe to the Ural Mts. M. flava [flava group]
Motacilla flava [flava group]
Motacilla flava flava
Blue-headed Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail (Blue-headed)
sw Siberia and ne Kazakhstan to w Himalayas Motacilla flava beema
Motacilla flava flava/beema
Iberian Pen., sw France and nw Africa Iberische Schafstelze M. flava iberiae
Motacilla flava [cinereocapilla Group]
Motacilla flava iberiae
Spanish Yellow Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail (Ashy-headed)
Italy, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia and Slovenia Aschkopf-Schafstelze M. flava [cinereocapilla group]
Motacilla cinereocapilla
Motacilla flava [cinereocapilla group]
Motacilla flava cinereocapilla
Ashy-headed Wagtail
Egypt Motacilla flava pygmaea
nw Mongolia, nw China and sc Siberia Weißkopf-Schafstelze M. flava leucocephala
Motacilla flava leucocephala
Western Yellow Wagtail (White-headed)
White-headed Wagtail
the Balkans and Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan Maskenschafstelze
Maskenstelze
M. flava feldegg
Motacilla feldegg
Motacilla flava feldegg
Black-headed Wagtail
Black-headed Yellow Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail (Black-headed)
n Europe to nw Siberia Nordische Schafstelze
Nördliche Schafstelze
Thunbergschafstelze
M. flava thunbergi
Motacilla flava thunbergi
Motacilla thunbergi
Grey-headed Wagtail
Grey-headed Yellow Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail (Gray-headed)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; e Russia, ne China, Alaska Östliche Schafstelze Motacilla tschutschensis Eastern Yellow Wagtail
e Kazakhstan and nw China to ne Siberia and nw North America Östliche Schafstelze M. tschutschensis [tschutschensis group]
Motacilla tschutschensis [tschutschensis group]
Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis
Motacilla tschutschensis tschutschensis/plexa
se Siberia, Sakhalin and n Japan Grünkopf-Schafstelze M. tschutschensis taivana
Motacilla tschutschensis taivana
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Green-headed)
Green-headed Wagtail
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Zitronenstelze Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail
n, e Europe to c Siberia, Mongolia and ne China Motacilla citreola citreola
e Iran and Afghanistan to c China Motacilla citreola calcarata
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Bergstelze
Gebirgsstelze
Motacilla cinerea Gray Wagtail
Grey Wagtail
Azores Motacilla cinerea patriciae
Madeira Motacilla cinerea schmitzi
w Europe, Canary Is. and nw Africa to c, e, ne Asia. Motacilla cinerea cinerea
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also w Alaska Bachstelze Motacilla alba White Wagtail
Ireland, Britain and coastal w Europe Trauerbachstelze M. alba yarrellii
Motacilla alba yarrellii
Motacilla yarrellii
Pied Wagtail
White Wagtail (British)
se Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Is. through continental Europe to the Ural Mts, the Caucasus, c Asia and Middle East M. alba alba
Motacilla alba alba
White Wagtail (White-faced)
w Morocco Marokkanische Bachstelze M. alba subpersonata
Motacilla alba subpersonata
Moroccan Wagtail
White Wagtail (Moroccan)
n Iran to sw Siberia, w Mongolia, nw China and w Himalayas Maskenbachstelze M. alba personata
Motacilla alba personata
Masked Wagtail
White Wagtail (Masked)
inland se Siberia, c and e China, s Korea and sw Japan Amurbachstelze M. alba leucopsis
Motacilla alba leucopsis
Amur Wagtail
White Wagtail (Chinese)
Afrika; widespread Witwenstelze Motacilla aguimp African Pied Wagtail
Sierra Leone and Mali to s Sudan and nw Kenya, s Egypt to s Somalia and south to e South Africa Motacilla aguimp vidua
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Spornpieper Anthus richardi Richard's Pipit
Nordasien mit Europa; c Steppenpieper Anthus godlewskii Blyth's Pipit
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w Brachpieper Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit
Afrika, Südasien; widespread, also sc Asia Langschnabelpieper Anthus similis Long-billed Pipit
Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine and w Jordan Anthus similis captus Long-billed Pipit (Middle Eastern)
se Egypt and ne Sudan to nw Somalia and n Kenya Anthus similis [nicholsoni Group]
Anthus similis nivescens
Long-billed Pipit (Nicholson's)
Nordasien mit Europa; w Wiesenpieper Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Baumpieper Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit
Europe to sw Siberia, n Iran and Turkey, e Kazakhstan, sc Siberia, Mongolia and nw China Anthus trivialis trivialis
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Waldpieper Anthus hodgsoni Indian Tree Pipit
Olive-backed Pipit
ne Russia to Kamchatka Pen. and south to Mongolia, ne China and n Japan Anthus hodgsoni yunnanensis
Nordasien mit Europa; nc, ne Petschorapieper Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit
Petchora Pipit
nw Russia to the Kamchatka Pen., Commander Is. Anthus gustavi gustavi
Anthus gustavi gustavi/stejnegeri
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Europe to nw Alaska Rotkehlpieper Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; Canada, Alaska, ne Asia Pazifikpieper
Pazifischer Wasserpieper
Anthus rubescens American Pipit
American Pipit / Buff-bellied Pipit
Buff-bellied Pipit
c and e Siberia Sibirischer Pazifikpieper A. rubescens japonicus
Anthus rubescens japonicus
American Pipit (Siberian)
Asian Buff-bellied Pipit
n and e Canada, w Greenland and ne USA, coastal nw and w North America Amerik. Pazifikpieper
Amerikanischer Pazifikpieper
A. rubescens rubescens
Anthus rubescens rubescens
American Buff-bellied Pipit
American Pipit (American)
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, s Bergpieper Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit
c and s Europe Anthus spinoletta spinoletta
Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Anthus spinoletta coutellii
Nordasien mit Europa; w coasts Strandpieper Anthus petrosus Eurasian Rock Pipit
Rock Pipit
British Isles and w France Anthus petrosus petrosus Rock Pipit (Western)
Scandinavia to nw Russia Anthus petrosus littoralis Rock Pipit (Eastern)
Afrika; Madeira, Canary Islands Kanarenpieper Anthus berthelotii Berthelot's Pipit
Canarian Pipit
Nordasien mit Europa; c, w, also n Africa and Canary Islands Buchfink Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch
Common Chaffinch
Eurasian Chaffinch
British Isles Fringilla coelebs [coelebs Group]
Fringilla coelebs gengleri
Europe (except British Isles, sw and se) to c Asia F. coelebs [coelebs group]
Fringilla coelebs [coelebs group]
Fringilla coelebs coelebs
Crimea and sw Caucasus Fringilla coelebs solomkoi Common Chaffinch (Common)
Iberia and Balearic Is. Fringilla coelebs balearica
Corsica Fringilla coelebs tyrrhenica
Sardinia Fringilla coelebs sarda
s Greece, Crete and w Turkey Fringilla coelebs schiebeli
Cyprus, se Turkey to n Iraq and Jordan Fringilla coelebs syriaca
Balkans and n Greece to n Turkey, c and e Caucasus and nw Iran Fringilla coelebs caucasica
Morocco to nw Tunesia, ne Libya Afrik. Buchfink
Afrikanischer Buchfink
F. coelebs [africana group]
Fringilla coelebs [africana group]
Fringilla coelebs africana
African Chaffinch
Common Chaffinch (African)
e Tunesia and nw Libya Fringilla coelebs spodiogenys Common Chaffinch (Tunisian)
Azore Is. Fringilla coelebs moreletti Common Chaffinch (Azores/Madeira)
Madeira Fringilla coelebs maderensis
Fringilla coelebs moreletti/maderensis
c Canary Is. Fringilla coelebs canariensis
Hierro I. (sw Canary Is.) Fringilla coelebs canariensis/ombriosa
Fringilla coelebs ombriosa
Common Chaffinch (Canary Is.)
La Palma I. (nw Canary I.) Fringilla coelebs palmae Common Chaffinch (La Palma)
Afrika; Canary Islands Teydefink Fringilla teydea Blue Chaffinch
Teydefinch
Tenerife I. Fringilla teydea teydea
Gran Canaria I. Fringilla teydea polatzeki
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also n Africa Bergfink Fringilla montifringilla Brambling
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; Canada to sw Mexico Abendkernbeißer Coccothraustes vespertina
Coccothraustes vespertinus
Hesperiphona vespertina
Evening Grosbeak
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also n Africa Kernbeißer Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch
Europe to c Siberia and n Mongolia Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes
nw Africa Coccothraustes coccothraustes buvryi
s Ukraine, the Caucasus, ne Turkey and n Iran Coccothraustes coccothraustes nigricans
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Hakengimpel Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak
Scandinavia to c Siberia Pinicola enucleator enucleator
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Dompfaff
Gimpel
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Bullfinch
Common Bullfinch
Eurasian Bullfinch
Northern Bullfinch
British Isles Pyrrhula pyrrhula pileata
n, sc and e Europe to c Siberia Pyrrhula pyrrhula [pyrrhula Group]
Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhula
w Europe Pyrrhula pyrrhula europoea
sw France, n Iberian Pen. Pyrrhula pyrrhula iberiae
nw Turkey Pyrrhula pyrrhula paphlagoniae
ne Turkey and the Caucasus Pyrrhula pyrrhula rossikowi Eurasian Bullfinch (Eurasian)
w Siberia and ne Kazakhstan to e Siberia and ne China Pyrrhula pyrrhula [griseiventris Group]
Pyrrhula pyrrhula cineracea
Eurasian Bullfinch (Baikal)
Azerbaijan and n Iran Pyrrhula pyrrhula caspica
Atlantik; Azores Azorengimpel Pyrrhula murina Azores Bullfinch
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Rotflügelgimpel R. sanguineus sanguinea
Rhodopechys sanguinea
Rhodopechys sanguineus
Rhodopechys sanguineus sanguinea
Rhodopechys sanguineus sanguineus
Asian Crimson-winged Finch
Crimson-winged Finch
Crimson-winged Finch (Eurasian)
Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch
Afrika; Morocco, Algeria Atlasgimpel R. sanguineus alienus
Rhodopechys alienus
Rhodopechys sanguineus alienus
African Crimson-winged Finch
Crimson-winged Finch (African)
Nordasien mit Europa; sc, also n Africa Wüstengimpel Bucanetes githagineus
Rhodopechys githaginea
Trumpeter Finch
c and e Canary Is. Bucanetes githagineus amantum
s Spain, nw and nc Africa Bucanetes githagineus zedlitzi
Egypt, nc and ne Sudan Bucanetes githagineus githagineus
Middle East to Pakistan and nw India Bucanetes githagineus crassirostris
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Mongolengimpel Bucanetes mongolicus
Eremopsaltria mongolica
Eremopsaltria mongolicus
Rhodopechys mongolica
Mongolian Finch
Mongolian Trumpeter Finch
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Karmingimpel Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch
Scarlet Grosbeak
Scarlet Rosefinch
n, c and e Europe to c Siberia Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus
Turkey, the Caucasus, n Iran and Turkmenistan Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Caucasus Mts through central Asia to nw China Berggimpel Carpodacus rubicilla Caucasian Great Rosefinch
Caucasian Great-Rosefinch
Great Rosefinch
Nordasien mit Europa; ne Egypt, Israel, Jordan and w Saudi Arabia Einödgimpel
Sinaigimpel
Carpodacus synoicus Pale Rosefinch / Sinai Rosefinch
Sinai Rosefinch
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Meisengimpel Carpodacus sibiricus
Uragus sibiricus
Long-tailed Rosefinch
sw Siberia and ne Kazakhstan to Mongolia and nc China Carpodacus sibiricus sibiricus
Uragus sibiricus sibiricus
Nordasien mit Europa; e Rosengimpel Carpodacus roseus Pallas' Rosefinch
Pallas's Rosefinch
ne Kazakhstan, c and e Siberia Carpodacus roseus roseus
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw, sc Grünfink
Grünling
Carduelis chloris
Chloris chloris
European Greenfinch
Greenfinch
Western Greenfinch
Britain (except n Scotland) and Ireland Chloris chloris harrisoni
n Scotland, n and c France and Norway to w Siberia Chloris chloris chloris
Serbia and Montenegro to Moldovia, Bulgaria and Greece Chloris chloris muehlei
s Spain through s Europe to w Greece Chloris chloris aurantiiventris
Corsica and Sardinia Chloris chloris madaraszi
nw Spain, Portugal and nw Morocco Chloris chloris vanmarli
c Morocco and n Algeria Chloris chloris voousi
sc Turkey to ne Egypt Chloris chloris chlorotica
s Ukraine, the Caucasus and ne Turkey to n Iran and sw Turkmenistan Chloris chloris bilkevitchi
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Weißflügelgimpel Rhodopechys obsoleta
Rhodopechys obsoletus
Rhodospiza obsoleta
Desert Finch
Lichtenstein's Desert Finch
c South Africa and Lesotho Crithagra atrogularis impiger
Serinus atrogularis impiger
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Berghänfling Acanthis flavirostris
Carduelis flavirostris
Linaria flavirostris
Twite
Outer Hebrides (w Scotland) Linaria flavirostris bensonorum
n Ireland and n Britain Carduelis flavirostris pipilans
Linaria flavirostris pipilans
n Scandinavia and nw Russia C. flavirostris [flavirostris group]
Carduelis flavirostris [flavirostris group]
Carduelis flavirostris flavirostris
Linaria flavirostris flavirostris
Common Twite
Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Kaukasushänfling C. flavirostris brevirostris
Carduelis flavirostris brevirostris
Linaria flavirostris brevirostris
Caucasian Twite
n and c Kazakhstan Linaria flavirostris kirghizorum
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also nw Africa and Canary Islands Bluthänfling
Hänfling
Acanthis cannabina
Carduelis cannabina
Linaria cannabina
Common Linnet
Eurasian Linnet
Linnet
Scotland Carduelis cannabina autochthona
Linaria cannabina autochthona
w, c and n Europe, w and sc Siberia Carduelis cannabina cannabina
Linaria cannabina cannabina
Middle East to Mongolia and nw China Carduelis cannabina bella
Linaria cannabina bella
Iberian Pen., Italy, Greece, nw Africa and Mediterranean islands Carduelis cannabina mediterranea
Linaria cannabina mediterranea
Madeira I. Carduelis cannabina nana
Linaria cannabina nana
w and c Canary Is. Carduelis cannabina meadewaldoi
Linaria cannabina meadewaldoi
e Canary Is. Carduelis cannabina harterti
Linaria cannabina harterti
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Birkenzeisig
Taigabirkenzeisig
Acanthis flammea
Carduelis flammea
Common Redpoll
Mealy Redpoll
Redpoll
Britain to c Europe Alpenbirkenzeisig Acanthis cabaret
Acanthis flammea cabaret
Carduelis cabaret
Carduelis flammea cabaret
Lesser Redpoll
n Europe, Siberia, Alaska and Canada Birkenzeisig Unterart flammea A. flammea flammea
Acanthis flammea flammea
Carduelis flammea flammea
Common Redpoll (flammea)
ne Canada, Greenland and Iceland Grönland-Birkenzeisig A. flammea rostrata incl. islandica
Acanthis flammea rostrata
Acanthis flammea rostrata incl. islandica
Greenland Redpoll
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Polarbirkenzeisig Acanthis hornemanni
Carduelis hornemanni
Arctic Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll / Arctic Redpoll
n Eurasia, Alaska and nw Canada A. hornemanni exilipes
Acanthis hornemanni exilipes
Hoary Redpoll (exilipes)
ne Canada and Greenland Tundrabirkenzeisig A. hornemanni hornemanni
Acanthis hornemanni hornemanni
Hoary Redpoll (hornemanni)
Nordasien mit Europa; nw, nc Kiefernkreuzschnabel Loxia pytyopsittacus Parrot Crossbill
Nordasien mit Europa; Scotland Schottischer Kreuzschnabel
Schottlandkreuzschnabel
Loxia scotica Scottish Crossbill
Nordasien mit Europa, Südasien, Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Fichtenkreuzschnabel Loxia curvirostra Common Crossbill
Crossbill
Red Crossbill
n, w and c Europe to ne Siberia and n Mongolia Loxia curvirostra curvirostra
c and s Spain, Balearic Is. Loxia curvirostra balearica Red Crossbill (Balearic)
Corsica Loxia curvirostra corsicana Red Crossbill (Corsican)
s Italy, nw Africa Loxia curvirostra poliogyna Red Crossbill (North African)
e Balkans and Turkey to the Caucasus and s Ukraine Loxia curvirostra guillemardi Red Crossbill (Cyprus)
Nordasien mit Europa, Nordamerika; n Bindenkreuzschnabel Loxia leucoptera Two-barred Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill / Two-barred Crossbill
n Europe to e Siberia and ne China Loxia leucoptera bifasciata White-winged Crossbill (Eurasian)
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c, s Distelfink
Stieglitz
Carduelis carduelis Eurasian Goldfinch
European Goldfinch
Goldfinch
British Isles, nw France and w Netherlands Carduelis carduelis britannica
s Scandinavia to c France and Italy and east to c European Russia Carduelis carduelis carduelis
sw Europe, nw Africa, Madeira, Balearic and Canary Is. Carduelis carduelis parva
Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily Carduelis carduelis tschusii
Balkans, Greece, Crete and nw Turkey Carduelis carduelis balcanica
Middle East Carduelis carduelis niediecki
e Turkey, s Caucasus and n Iran Carduelis carduelis brevirostris
n Caucasus and Crimea (s Ukraine) Carduelis carduelis colchica
Carduelis carduelis colchicus
s Ukraine, s European Russia and nw Kazakhstan Carduelis carduelis volgensis
w Pakistan to nw Himalayas, sw Tibet and c Nepal Carduelis carduelis caniceps
Nordasien mit Europa; s, c Europe Zitronenfink
Zitronengirlitz
Zitronenzeisig
Carduelis citrinella
Serinus citrinella
Alpine Citril Finch
Citril Finch
Nordasien mit Europa; Sardinia, Corsica Korsengirlitz
Korsenzeisig
Carduelis corsicana
Serinus corsicanus
Corsican Finch
Mediterranean Citril Finch
Nordasien mit Europa; c, sc Rotstirngirlitz Serinus pusillus Fire-fronted Serin
Red-fronted Serin
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw, also n Africa Girlitz Serinus serinus European Serin
Serin
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; Syria and Iraq to Egypt Zederngirlitz Serinus syriacus Syrian Serin
Afrika; Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira Kanarengirlitz Serinus canaria Atlantic Canary
Island Canary
Island Canary / Atlantic Canary
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread, also n Africa Erlenzeisig Carduelis spinus
Spinus spinus
Eurasian Siskin
Siskin
Spruce Siskin
Nordamerika; n, c, e Pieperwaldsänger Seiurus aurocapilla
Seiurus aurocapillus
Ovenbird
Nordamerika; e USA Stelzenwaldsänger Parkesia motacilla
Seiurus motacilla
Louisiana Water-thrush
Louisiana Waterthrush
Nordamerika; n, c Drosselwaldsänger Parkesia noveboracensis
Seiurus noveboracensis
Northern Water-thrush
Northern Waterthrush
Nordamerika; e Goldflügel-Waldsänger Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler
Nordamerika; e Blauflügel-Waldsänger Vermivora cyanoptera
Vermivora pinus
Blue-winged Warbler
Nordamerika; n, e Kletterwaldsänger Mniotilta varia Black & White Warbler
Black and White Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
Nordamerika; n Brauenwaldsänger Leiothlypis peregrina
Oreothlypis peregrina
Vermivora peregrina
Tennessee Warbler
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread Gelbkehlchen
Weidengelbkehlchen
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Nordamerika; e, se Kapuzenwaldsänger Setophaga citrina
Wilsonia citrina
Hooded Warbler
Nordamerika; n, c, e Schnäpperwaldsänger Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Nordamerika; nc, ne Tigerwaldsänger Dendroica tigrina
Setophaga tigrina
Cape May Warbler
Nordamerika; c, e USA Pappelwaldsänger Dendroica cerulea
Setophaga cerulea
Cerulean Warbler
Nordamerika; e Meisenwaldsänger Parula americana
Setophaga americana
Northern Parula
Parula Warbler
Nordamerika; n, ne Magnolienwaldsänger Dendroica magnolia
Setophaga magnolia
Magnolia Warbler
Nordamerika; s and se Canada, ne USA Braunbrust-Waldsänger Dendroica castanea
Setophaga castanea
Bay-breasted Warbler
Nordamerika; n, ne, ec Fichtenwaldsänger Dendroica fusca
Setophaga fusca
Blackburnian Warbler
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; widespread in NA through central plateau of Mexico Goldwaldsänger Setophaga aestiva American Yellow Warbler
sc to e Canada and south through e and c USA Setophaga aestiva aestiva
Setophaga petechia [aestiva Group]
Setophaga petechia aestiva
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; extreme s US through West Indies to coastal MA and SA Mangrovebaum -Waldsänger Dendroica petechia
Setophaga petechia
Mangrove Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Yellow Warbler / American Yellow Warbler
Nordamerika; e Gelbscheitel-Waldsänger Dendroica pensylvanica
Setophaga pensylvanica
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Nordamerika; Alaska to e and se Canada, ne USA Streifenwaldsänger Dendroica striata
Setophaga striata
Blackpoll Warbler
Nordamerika; ne Blaurücken-Waldsänger Dendroica caerulescens
Setophaga caerulescens
Black-throated Blue Warbler
s and se Canada, ne USA Setophaga caerulescens caerulescens
Nordamerika; n Palmenwaldsänger Dendroica palmarum
Setophaga palmarum
Palm Warbler
se Canada and ne USA Setophaga palmarum hypochrysea Palm Warbler (Yellow)
Nordamerika; c,e USA and Canada Kronwaldsänger Dendroica coronata
Setophaga coronata
Myrtle Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Nordamerika; e, se USA Goldkehl-Waldsänger Dendroica dominica
Setophaga dominica
Yellow-throated Warbler
e and se USA Setophaga dominica dominica
Nordamerika; e, se USA Präriewaldsänger
Rostscheitel-Waldsänger
Dendroica discolor
Setophaga discolor
Prairie Warbler
Nordamerika; n, ne, ec Grünwaldsänger Dendroica virens
Setophaga virens
Black-throated Green Warbler
Nordamerika; n, ne, ec Kanadawaldsänger Cardellina canadensis
Wilsonia canadensis
Canada Warbler
Nordamerika; w, n Mönchswaldsänger Cardellina pusilla
Wilsonia pusilla
Wilson's Warbler
c and s Canada, ne USA Cardellina pusilla pusilla Wilson's Warbler (Eastern)
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; w Brillenstärling Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird
Nordamerika; n, c Bobolink
Reisstärling
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink
Nordamerika; e Baltimoretrupial Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole
Northern Oriole
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s Canada to s Mexico Braunkopf-Kuhstärling Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird
se Canada, e and c USA and ne Mexico Molothrus ater ater
Nordamerika; c, e Purpurgrackel Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sc, also n Africa Grauammer Emberiza calandra
Miliaria calandra
Corn Bunting
nw Africa, Canary Is. and Europe to Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Emberiza calandra calandra
Middle East to nw China Emberiza calandra buturlini
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Goldammer Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer
w and n British Isles Emberiza citrinella caliginosa
se England and w continental Europe to nw Russia and Poland south to the Balkans Emberiza citrinella citrinella
e Europe to sc Siberia Emberiza citrinella erythrogenys
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Fichtenammer Emberiza leucocephala
Emberiza leucocephalos
Pine Bunting
e European Russia to e Siberia and ne China Emberiza leucocephalos leucocephalos
Nordasien mit Europa; sw, sc Zippammer Emberiza cia Rock Bunting
c and s Europe to the Balkans and n Turkey, nw Africa Emberiza cia cia
Greece through s Turkey and south to Israel and Jordon Emberiza cia hordei
the Caucasus, s Ukraine, e Turkey and sw and n Iran Emberiza cia prageri
Nordasien mit Europa; s, c Steinortolan Emberiza buchanani Gray-hooded Bunting
Gray-necked Bunting
Grey-necked Bunting
e Turkey to Turkmenistan Emberiza buchanani cerrutii
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Türkenammer Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting
eastern Greek islands and sw Turkey Emberiza cineracea cineracea Cinereous Bunting (Western)
se Turkey and sw Iran Emberiza cineracea semenowi Cinereous Bunting (Eastern)
Nordasien mit Europa; w, c Ortolan Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; sw Grauortolan Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; w, sw, also nw Africa Zaunammer Emberiza cirlus Cirl Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa, Afrika; ne Africa to sw Asia and nw India Wüstenammer Emberiza striolata Striolated Bunting
Israel and ne Egypt to Pakistan and nw India, also ne Sudan to n Somalia Emberiza striolata striolata
Afrika; nw Africa Hausammer Emberiza sahari House Bunting
Morocco to n Chad Emberiza sahari sahari
Nordasien mit Europa; c, e Bandammer Emberiza fucata Chestnut-eared Bunting
Grey-hooded Bunting
sc Siberia and e Mongolia to e Siberia, Japan, Korea and ne China Emberiza fucata fucata
Nordasien mit Europa; n Zwergammer Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; nc, ne Gelbbrauenammer Emberiza chrysophrys Yellow-browed Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; n Waldammer Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; n, e Weidenammer Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting
e Europe to e Siberia and south to Kazakhstan and c Mongolia Emberiza aureola aureola
Nordasien mit Europa; e Rötelammer Emberiza rutila Chestnut Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Kappenammer Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; sc Braunkopfammer Emberiza bruniceps Red-headed Bunting
Nordasien mit Europa; e Maskenammer Emberiza spodocephala Black-faced Bunting
c Siberia to n Mongolia and east to e Siberia, n Sakhalin I., n Korea and ne China Emberiza spodocephala spodocephala
Nordasien mit Europa; e Pallasammer Emberiza pallasi Pallas' Bunting
Pallas' Reed Bunting
Pallas's Bunting
Pallas's Bunting / Pallas's Reed-Bunting
Pallas's Reed Bunting
ne European Russia to Kamchatka Pen. Emberiza pallasi polaris
Nordasien mit Europa; widespread Rohrammer Emberiza schoeniclus Common Reed Bunting
Reed Bunting
Reed Bunting / Common Reed-Bunting
nw Spain and Portugal Emberiza schoeniclus lusitanica
w, n and nc Europe to n European Russia Emberiza schoeniclus schoeniclus
nw Siberia Emberiza schoeniclus passerina
sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan Emberiza schoeniclus pallidior
e Austria, Hungary, n Serbia and nw Romania Emberiza schoeniclus stresemanni
Moldavia and Ukraine to c European Russia Emberiza schoeniclus ukrainae
se European Russia to nw, c and ne Kazakhstan Emberiza schoeniclus incognita
Spain (except nw), s France, Sardinia, Balearic Is. and Morocco Emberiza schoeniclus witherbyi
Italy and the Adriatic coast to Albania Emberiza schoeniclus intermedia
Bulgaria, Romania and the n Black Sea region Emberiza schoeniclus tschusii
se Albania, nw Greece, Macedonia and w and c Turkey Emberiza schoeniclus reiseri
e Turkey, the Caucasus and n Iran Emberiza schoeniclus caspia
w Kazakhstan to se Kazakhstan Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhuloides
Nordamerika; w, n Fuchsammer Passerella iliaca
Zonotrichia iliaca
Fox Sparrow
Red Fox-sparrow
c and e Canada Passerella iliaca iliaca
Passerella iliaca iliaca/zaboria
Fox Sparrow (Red)
Nordamerika; widespread, also to c Mexico Singammer Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
sc and se Canada to se USA (except Atlantic coast) Melospiza melodia melodia
Nordamerika; w, n Lincolnammer Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln Sparrow
Lincoln's Sparrow
nw Alaska, nc and ne Canada to n USA Melospiza lincolnii lincolnii
Nordamerika; n Dachsammer Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
c and e Canada Zonotrichia leucophrys leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow (Eastern)
Nordamerika; n Weißkehlammer Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Nordamerika; n, w Junko
Winterammer
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Alaska, n, c and e Canada, nc and ne USA Junco hyemalis hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored)
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; Canada to Guatemala Grasammer Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Sable I. (e Nova Scotia in e Canada) Passerculus sandwichensis princeps Savannah Sparrow (Ipswich)
ec and e Canada Passerculus sandwichensis [savanna Group]
Passerculus sandwichensis labradorius
Nordamerika; w, n Rainammer Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow
c USA Chondestes grammacus grammacus
Nordamerika; s Canada, c, e USA Rötelgrundammer Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee
Rufous-sided Towhee
sc and se Canada to ec USA Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Spornammer Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Bunting
Lapland Longspur
n Canada and Greenland Calcarius lapponicus subcalcaratus
n Europe and n Asia Calcarius lapponicus lapponicus
Nordamerika, Nordasien mit Europa; n Schneeammer Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting
n North America and n Europe Plectrophenax nivalis nivalis
Iceland Plectrophenax nivalis insulae
ne Europe to ne Siberia Plectrophenax nivalis vlasowae
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s USA, n Mexico Sommertangare Piranga rubra Summer Tanager
e USA Piranga rubra rubra Summer Tanager (Eastern)
Nordamerika; e Scharlachtangare Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager
Nordamerika, Mittel- mit Südamerika; c USA to Venezuela and Colombia Dickzissel Spiza americana Dickcissel
Nordamerika; e, se Rosenbrust-Kernknacker Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Nordamerika, Mittelamerika; s USA to Costa Rica Azurbischof
Azurfink
Guiraca caerulea
Passerina caerulea
Blue Grosbeak
se and sc USA Passerina caerulea caerulea
Nordamerika; c, e Indigofink Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting